When hearing the word "Pacific Islands" our minds wander off and mirror images of swaying palms, idyllic beaches, tranquil waters, cheap holidays and smiling locals. Beyond these characterisations, the Pacific island region is also known for its immense complexity and intriguing diversity. This is partly symbolised by the area's landmass fragmentation into thousands of scattered islands spread over the South Pacific. In line with this, my essay assesses some challenges to and some...
Climate change is the most serious challenge to humanity since the end of the Cold War and the nuclear arms race. Scientific studies have shown over and over again that if the greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise uncontrollably, there would be a rise in temperature. This rise brings with it terrible consequences and some countries would suffer more than others such as low-lying countries like Bangladesh. This should imply that all countries in the world have to get together and do...
In almost every European country, a minority of Roma people, who have been neglected and marginalized for decades, can be found. As the process of modernization and the democratization of countries in the region, Roma people have been increasingly recognized as an ethnic and national minority, and for the first time in history, they have been offered the opportunity to exercise the same rights as other, officially recognized minorities. In this essay I will focus on this minority - which is the...
The article "Democracy and Development" of the book deals with the analysis of the both the reciprocal effects of democracy and the level of economic development. Li and Reuveny initially enumerated both the contrasting effects of democracy towards development. They also have acknowledged the growing norm of promoting democracy such as the Bush administration's policy of democratic peace theory that served as a basis for US foreign aid assistance. While there were various theoretical...
Social Contract Theory, is one of the oldest philosophical theories on the origin of state .The original inspiration for this notion is said to have derived from the bible, covenant between God and Abraham and later by the Sophists in Greece, but it is mostly brought up by the writings of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The social contract is moral and/or political obligation dependent upon a contract or agreement between the people to form society. The social contract...
Trace the evolution of IHL and highlight the challenges of implementing IHL in contemporary conflict. IHL is a branch of law of nations for international law which governs relations between members of International community. It is supranational and its fundamental rules are binding on all states. Its goal is to maintain peace and protect humanity. IHL or law of armed conflict which was earlier called 'Law of War' is a special branch of law governing situations of armed conflict. IHL helps to...
Growing competencies and changing nature of the EC/EU, more and more 'ambitious' enlargements and aspiration to become a global player on the international scene makes the EU a subject of the continuous evaluation. The nation states are always used as the frame of reference. Surprisingly or not, the EU goes quite badly in this comparison. It is perceived as l'objet politique non-identifié which is unceasingly looking for its identity and common recognition. One of the possible source of...
United Nations health and food organizations calculate that 25,000 people throughout the developing world die every day from hunger and malnutrition and related diseases. Hunger's grip on children is particularly cruel, contributing to about 6 million young deaths annually at the beginning of this century. Of the children who survive, 300 million are classified as "chronically hungry," which means that night after night they go to bed with an empty stomach; 150 million children under...
In this short paper I try to demonstrate how and why Bangladesh is still a divided nation politically and socially after 40 years of independence; how this conflict slowing down country's development. My argument in some manner reflects Mag. Bert Preiss's lecture entitled 'Conflict Transformation/resolution' and ends finding some solutions.Early History of BangladeshThe British had left Indian subcontinent and separated it into two new states by religion; Hindu state India and Muslim state...
Although, it pains me to say it but it is true, the United States of America is in degeneration. The U.S.A. is the worlds leading super power, however it is starting to lag behind in several key points in society. Education standards are falling, the economy and unemployment are on the rise. The political system is all but ruined, it has virtually forsaken the original concepts. It shameful that the military cannot put an end to small terrorist organizations after 10 years. The military has not...