Baram (1994) explains that Iraq's claim to invade Kuwait is based on the argumentation that Kuwait was a "district governed by Basra" under Ottoman rule and, thus, Iraqi leaders have seen it as historically belonging to Iraq (p.5). Baram goes on to explain that this claim is wrong because Kuwait has long before been under autonomous rule by the Sabah family. Furthermore, she states that Iraq's aspiration to bring Kuwait under its control is partly due to Iraq's need to strengthen and...
If one wants to examine the experience of socialist economies of the twentieth century, one need must examine the socio-economic meaning of the term socialism. This ought to be subject to a scientific analysis, primarily with respect to increasing problems in the socialist countries and to discussions and reform efforts that have been underway at various points in time over the last century in those countries. In this context, the analysis in the essay must restrict the notion of socialism to...
The idea of sovereignty is a challenging geopolitical concept in a universal term Bartelson, 2006. As prescribed by Flint and Taylor, sovereignty is an authoritarian control on a particular territory. In order to protect one's sovereignty against alien threats, the primary aim is to protect what is within one's own border. The incidence of the September 11 attacks which ensued in 2001, there was an encroachment of the national boundary of the United States with the essence of a geopolitical...
Upon the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the presence of imperial powers shortly after, the Middle East had to contend with a radical change in both the dynamics and the concentration of power within the region. These circumstances would lead in turn to chronic conflict in the Middle East and consequent repeated attempts at unifying the Arab world. This essay will look at how and why attempts were made at uniting Arab states and why these attempts often failed at delivering any significant...
Culture is viewed as the product of social structure and history where the historical processes limit the development of the culture. Culture is always under a constant and unchanging process of adjustment, and it is often under change in order to accommodate the varying societies and times. In the Middle East, due to instability and internal pressures the leaders are unable to make flexible policies but with time and as the political situations resume to normal, they will be able to make...
United States used to be the head of all countries in the world. The monopolization of economy, culture, and military power, etc. has been lasting for decades. In fact, United States understood the global economic environment and also captured the right competitive position of International Monetary System, so this helps make the economic superpower of United States of the world until now. In addition, United States promotes its own culture such as Mcdonaldization and Disneyization and these...
Ever since the United Kingdom joined the European Economic Community, (EEC) in 1973, she has been a great thorn in the side of integrationists and federalists at all levels within the organisation now known as the European Union, (EU). Perhaps one of the most virulently eurosceptic political parties in this most eurosceptic of nations is the Conservative Party. This political party has had the most schizophrenic of attitudes towards Europe and, more specifically, the concept of European...
The listed levels of actors as agents in economic development is perhaps a bit outdated and missing the supra-national level of players. To begin this essay we will categorize into the two listed and one additional. The reason for this is to layout the difficulty with a simple two level analysis as certain actors, 'play on two fields' so to speak, such as transnational corporations. As well as adding the third category/level of supra-national such as the EU G8 G20 ASEAN. This essay will begin...
In almost every aspect, Peru is doing swell: it is becoming one of the most promising Latin American countries economically, socially and culturally (with Vargas Llosa's Nobel Prize) (Oppenheimer, 2010). Many show their optimism towards this country, many are watching with great expectations how Peru will continue to walk its economic path and become one of the richest and most developed countries in the region - and also one of the most liberal! Peru's economy is booming and looks quite...
This essay will attempt to answer the question enclosed in the title of this paper. In order to complete this analysis, it is necessary to examine the history and the evolution of concept - sovereignty. Hence I will firstly define notion of "sovereignty" and its origins. In the latter part I will present how sovereignty has changed over period of time, particularly after the Cold War. In the final part I will provide conclusion summoning if the change of sovereignty nature has been...