Evaluating Iran's nuclear compliance

Essay add: 14-11-2017, 15:12   /   Views: 83

Mohamed El Baradei, Head of the United Nations nuclear watchdog of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), said:"Every country has a right to introduce nuclear power, as well as the responsibility to do it right... Nuclear power has obvious attractions for both developed and developing countries. Developing countries need access to electricity to help lift their people out of poverty and many are turning to the agency for guidance on how to proceed "[1]. The Islamic Republic of Iran is a country that hasn't attacked a neighbor in more than 200 years. Even when Saddam Hussein invaded Iran after the 1979 Revolution, and used chemical weapons against both civilians and combatants, Iran did not retaliate in kind. Consequently, the Kyrgyz Republic thinks that the Islamic Republic of Iran is producing nuclear energy without any desire to produce nuclear weapons to threaten the world's peace.

On the national level, the Kyrgyz Prime Minister Igor Chudinov has sought into a diplomatic discussion with Iran's Prime Minister, Manouchehr Mottaki, on the 21th of February 2008 in order to resolve Iran's sanctions through diplomatic channels. Throughout the meeting Mottaki noted to Chudinov that all nuclear activities are for civilian purposes and are carried out according to international regulations[2]. Also on the 8th of November 2009 Kyrgyzstan's President, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, held talks with Iranian Ambassador of Kyrgyzstan, Manouchehr Morradi, in Bishkek, enhancing cooperation between Iran and Kyrgyzstan in establishing peace and security in the region, reminding that the two states are located in the same sensitive region[3].

One of the goals of the United Nations is to let every person feels secure, but the proliferation of nuclear weapons is endangering this goal. The Republic of Kyrgyzstan recognized the threats from proliferation of nuclear weapons, so the Republic of Kyrgyzstan became a member of the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in April 1995 and signed Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) on the 8th of October 1996[4], along with Iran, to produce nuclear power for peaceful purposes without manufacturing or testing any nuclear weapons. On the 18th of March 1998, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan had signed safeguards agreement along with Iran to assure the absence of undeclared nuclear facilities or weapons. Furthermore, Kyrgyz Republic became a member in Non-Aligned Movement which issued a statement in the 7th of March 2010[5] supporting Iran's nuclear program and demanding the decrease in sanctions against Iran.

IAEA with the help of United Nations is trying its best to ensure that the Islamic Republic of Iran is complying to the NPT articles as not to produce nuclear weapons. Kyrgyz Republic has many recommendations to guarantee the non production of nuclear weapons by Iran by establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. Also in order to come up with a diplomatic solution Iran should become a member of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) to decrease the military tension so that the Islamic Republic of Iran wouldn't plan to produce nuclear weapon to defend itself. Iran should also accept letting safeguards set surveillance cameras in all its nuclear plants to ensure no smuggling of nuclear materials to produce nuclear weapons in order to regain the trust of the international community.

  1. http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/detail/35831.html
  2. http://www.presstv.ir/detail.aspx?id=44108
  3. www.neurope.eu/articles/97472.php
  4. http://ola.iaea.org/factSheets/CountryDetails.asp?country=KG
  5. http://www.indymedia-letzebuerg.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=45115&Itemid=28

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