Relationships Between Geography And International Relations Politics

Essay add: 4-07-2017, 13:41   /   Views: 53

History has shown that the foundation of international relations is one of the fundamentals of geography. Continental positioning and development of each party Involved on the Proper management of bilateral and multilateral relations that sustain them, Are due in large part to regional opportunities presented by geographic location.

International relations since its recognition as a discipline and from the time the consolidation of nation-states was possible, its development has been facilitated by the mediation has been forced geography, political and administrative units have focused way interact with others in the importance of his position within the different hemispheres in which is divided into planet earth. With the creation of nation-states starts the use of terms like national economies, industries and national armies, all directly related to the use of international relations. First, national economies in search of their development, gradually forced the representatives of states, international relations towards increased production and optimization of machinery and labor, also finding that productivity, brought about the inevitable consequences of market saturation, increased energy demand and hence the search for new sources of energy. In conclusion, it began to require the application of international relations in the pursuit of friendly states to facilitate sustainable development in those industries in which it was not very strong.

International Relations are to the international system essentially governmental transactions. These transactions are not limited to the purely economic, they refer also to technological exchanges, information and cultural, diplomatic treaties, agreements may be bilateral or multilateral agreements and are made between two individuals or nations under a regional treaty. International relations have their root cause in the need for nations to establish correspondent relationships with their environment in order to benefit from and contribute to the internal development of each nation, usually in the context of the cooperativity, and sometimes in the field of conflict.

This world-historical tendency to relate to the benefit of themselves and others, is, as the century progresses, more intense, due in large part to the growing interdependence generated by global economic dynamics, and possible thanks to the rapid development of communication technologies that characterized the last century. It must be said, too, that international relations, each nation, are strongly conditioned by the circumstances and political situation existing in the international framework, making it extremely difficult to follow a fairly orderly and progressive line of the dynamics of these activities. Indeed, international relations, with its interdependent nature, are highly determined not only by the relationships between any two countries, but also economic and political trends that mark the relations of all countries in the international community.


Moreover, and as is well known, the policy is essential in international relations. Therefore, most modern disciplines such as political geography have some influence on the development of international relations. Geography studies the influence of policy decisions and political events on the physical and cultural landscape and no longer a matter of purely descriptive characteristics. In the last ten years has increased the scrutiny of the general roles of territory and boundaries in particular when analyzing the origin of conflicts in the areas of International Relations (International Relations) and political geography. Part of this seems to be a reaction to the impact of the writings on globalization, which have tended to see an emerging world in which the territory is less important in the conflict, both sides seem to be the rise of ideas like the " democratic peace 'in which democratic states are less interested than other states in the conquest of territory and increasingly seek cooperation rather than conflict between them. For geographers, the question of territories and borders is hardly a recent discovery. But it is fair to say that only recently have begun to stir interest in what others have to say on these matters. It has been observed at least some evidence of mutual learning.

"Geography can play a fundamental role in international relations yet scholarship often ignores or downplays geography as a determinant factor. In an effort to redress this common oversight, this paper utilizes geographical-based theories to demonstrate how geography influences international politics. The specific case study is the geography of Central and Eastern Europe and how its geography effects the European Union's decision on eastward institutional enlargement. Due to five geographic features, topography, size, location, climate, and natural resources, the EU is compelled to enlarge its institutional reach into Central and Eastern Europe. This region is, as political-geographers have described, a "shatterbelt" or "crush zone" noted for being an area of friction between two outside power centers: Western Europe and Russia. The geographic features of CEE endow countries in the region with the characteristic of having difficulty maintaining political and economic sovereignty. This quality promotes foreign incursions into the region for the sake of enhancing security and increasing the political leverage of any institution, national or supranational, that has direct or indirect control of the region. In sum, geography-based political theories can help explain part of the impetus to enlarge." [] 

Stage of development between geography and international relations

The scenario in which international relations take the value is actually the international system. The actors are always the same and each has a predetermined place in the negotiations without putting aside that small states are geographically immense value for many of the most developed states. The object of discussion in this scenario are numerous and although in most cases priority is given to one in particular, one could say that everyone has the condition ultimately decisive:


The geographical position has been vital for the evolution of states and international relations, since the military has been associated with the high development of the productive. Similarly, we cannot forget that history itself has been a judge at the time of defining military power as the power to relate to any hand and impose any conditions that favor both parties.

Global economy.

The growth in international trade is another important step that has brought together geography with international relations. Thinking beneficial alliances, year after year around the planet earth sign foreign trade agreements and strengthen cooperation for international relations. Interdependence is a matter in question from the perspective of globalization. This latter concept of interdependence is handled in the language of international relations and the need to use the other party to meet the needs of the bidder, there is a need to create partnerships that describe the relations between states as durable and long-term need with room for improvement.


You could say that information has become a powerful weapon in the management of international relations in conjunction with geography. The data communicated between states can be so beneficial and harmful depending on its use are given. Currently, talks about the importance of the speed at which information travels and its influence on government decisions, it can be noted then, that the geographical position is a valuable influential in making the right decisions, and speed generated depending on the type of information, the site gets and where it comes from.

The concept of Unipolar world.

Unipolarity is a condition in world politics and international relations, and its effects on international alliances have yet to receive sustained theoretical attention. Tracing its impact requires a careful distinction between the purely structural features common to any unipolar system described by the geographical conditions and the unique characteristics of the current unipole. In general, the unipole will enjoy greater freedom of action and be less dependent on allied support, enabling it to rely more readily for a specific aim "coalitions of the willing" [] and the influence of the international relations.

Weaker states will prefer multilateral arrangements that enhance their own influence, while the unipole will prefer bilateral or final coalitions of the willing that it can more readily dominate; the geographic space tends to establish clear parameters of regional unification reason why the weak states you look for a unification with strong states that support their growth and on which they can increase its productivity. The international relations are dedicated to locate weak states and strong states, to unify them of safe way, always looking for the good for both, and the benefit for both; it is possible to notice, that the benefit for the strong states tends to be greater but as well less well-known, and is there where the geographic location, and the same conditions of geography, allow the clear and prosper union of the disciplines in a world that is at its present time described like unipolar.

Quasi-changing geography, but accommodating international relations today.

Geography, without good is a science that intends the study of the terrestrial surface and the space distribution and the reciprocal relations of the physical phenomena, biological and social that in her are pronounced, it tends to look for ways to understand why of the changes in a physical aspect of the planet the land and why of the changes in the established cultures influenced by a sweeping modernism which causes that their relation with the international relations is narrow in the sense in which is needed to know the most suitable way thorough to offer security in the prosperity of the relations between the parts that become jumbled.

"The world we live in happens to be a diversified, highly partitioned space. The surface of the earth is partitioned in a great many ways: politically and physically, economically and culturally. The political division are the raison d´,être of geography. If the earth were uniform -well polished, like a billiard ball- there probably would not be any such science as geography, and international relations would be much simpler. Because the general principles of geology, geophysics, botany, or economics do not apply in the same way throughout the different compartments existing on earth, geographical studies appeared and were useful, cutting across the abstraction of the topical disciplines and attempting a scientific analysis of regions and their interrelations." [] 

On the other hand, the international relations have looked for the way to get up themselves in the conditions of the world-wide present time thus to find the way most suitable to generate cooperation international. For this it has been necessary that the people or institutions in charge of the international relations of the states, they comply to the conditions that offer the present time, the world-wide economy, the administrative industry and factors political which the best interpretation is needed. He is clearly then that the international relations have found a way satisfactory to analyze and to explain each one of the contents in which its intervention has been necessary; then the geography can be said, that is not so money changer, has found in the international relations a discipline who explains the essential reason for the necessity to interchange with other goods or services that take part in the sustainable growth of developed and not developed societies.

The inevitable correlation between both disciplines.

Day after day, the world-wide society has established a friendly correlation between both disciplines: the international geography and relations. It is by this, that has been needed to focus the geographic studies in the relations that have appeared historically between the states, and similarly, it has been needed to know the state those relations to make geographic approaches on zones of special attention. On the other hand, and not less important, it is possible to be said that the international relations have looked for to paint a world-wide map of a friendly and clear way, being based on economic and political studies that have shrunk the map that was known with much anteriority. The unification of the relations, the establishment of world-wide conditions of negotiation, and the critical eye of many nongovernmental organizations, has facilitated the transparency of the international relations and from which geography more and more shows to favorable conditions and a small world but.

The structuring of space is studied under two perspectives: territories and networks. The influence of cultural factors also will receive attention. The ideas guiding principles for political-geographical analysis will be considered. Among specific themes of research interests are: European and other world-regional iconographies, democracy and stability, boundary maintenance and transborder cooperation, urban politics and city networks. Studies in electoral geography, on varying scales, as well as those in historical geography and demography that relate to the political organization of space also are encouraged. The role of political and cultural "distance" and other geographical factors in international relations, along with classic issues relating to the geography of war and peace, are encompassed as well.

On the other hand, the structuring of the international relations is based on two clear aspects: the behavior of the involved parts and the global knowledge and the interaction enter the involved parts. Similarly one is due to consider the factors that affect the interactions of the parts, knowing that at present look for the cooperation for the continental growth and not only the state growth. It is by this, that the international relations have established a friendly and necessary relation with geography, having promoted the development of regions and the implementation of factors that geographically do of the international relations, but friendly the possible ones. In conclusion, it is possible to be noticed clearly that a so single-pole world in which is lived at the moment, the two disciplines are complemented and justified. Geography establishes divisional parameters that mark the establishment of interests that cause that the international relations become more interesting for the world-wide development.

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