The Countries Of Middle East And India Politics

Essay add: 27-11-2017, 15:53   /   Views: 314

The gigantic upheaval that shook the entire Arab world since its initial tremors started in Tunisia on 17 Dec 10 was determined by a long and deep accumulation of explosive factors to include the slow economic growth, huge unemployment (the highest average rate of all world regions) massive endemic corruption, vast social inequalities, despotic governments void of democratic legitimacy and citizens treated as servile subjects. The mass of people who entered into action across the Arab region encompassed a wide range of social layers and categories. Most of them shared a common aspiration for democracy, to include aspirations for political freedoms, free and fair elections and a democratic constitution. These were the common denominators that unify the masses involved in the uprising in all the Arab countries where it took hold powerfully [] .

Several impressive features of the spring are directly related to the worldwide information revolution. The speed at which uprisings spread through the entire region has been rightly attributed above all to satellite TV, a new factor that has given the region's linguistic unity a much stronger effect, thus giving renewed and more substance to the old concept of an Arab Revolution. By overstepping state boundaries and ignoring state censorship, the information revolution and technology allowed the populations of the whole Arab-speaking region to follow the events in real time, just as they were unfolding in Tunisia initially and then, on a much larger scale and with much more breathtaking impact, in Egypt, and finally, at the level of the whole region [] .


The Arab revolution in the Middle East and North African countries has unfolded the discontent amongst people due to repressive and unresponsive demeanor of despotic governments to their needs. The study seeks to understand and examine the genesis of the Arab spring and further analyse the effect and implications on the Arab world and India.


The new regimes est in the Arab countries are likely to be supported& influenced by Islamic fundamentalism which may have an astounding impact on the geopolitics of Middle East & India. Should India, as part of its foreign policy towards the Middle East continue engaging the Arab countries positively & proactively or adopt a strategy of Wait & Watch & subsequently, articulate its apch.


Winds of change are blowing through the Middle East and North African region. Mass uprisings against autocratic rule have spread from one country to another bringing down many rulers. The unrest in Tunisia and Egypt inspired rebellion in several countries like Libya, Yemen, Oman and Bahrain. What is unfolded in the region has been historic with a magnitude that can be compared with the balkanization of the USSR and is likely to impact the world for a long time.

New Delhi hasn't just an ethical stake, but also a national and strategic interest in building and strengthening her ties in the new Middle East. Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen, Syria, and the Gulf states will need to establish the institutions of good governance, from strong political parties to independent judiciaries. New Delhi's advice and assistance would make these countries better homes for Indian workers, better allies in stabilizing a region of great strategic importance to India's development, more reliable energy suppliers, and more prosperous trade and investment partners.

The crisis of governance in the Arab world also presents an opportunity to strengthen US-India ties. Whether working together with India or independently toward similar ends, the world's largest democracies bring complementary strengths to the hard task of building a culture of democracy across the Arab world. 

Arab public is clamoring for reform. Supporting them isn't a policy of regime change or the imposition of outside values. It is nothing more than pursuing at once India's interests and values. It is the need of the hour to understand the geopolitics of the region and formulate such policies which will ensure achieving India's national aims and interests.



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