Security has been through the ages a very variant and important matter not only for states but for the citizens within it. The main threats perceived in the world today in terms of security and their connection to International Relations can be fluctuant to each state in the International Theater. These differences among the threats that may be perceive by a nation, and may not represent a high degree of importance to another, are closely linked to the impact that could have not only in the...
As the dust settled on Hiroshima and Nagasaki , two super powers emerged from the devastation of the Second World War: The United States and Russia . Both countries fought side by side for the liberation of Europe and their soldiers made the ultimate sacrifice. Unfortunately, as soon as the Third Reich was defeated, both countries began to view each other with suspicion and consequently as enemies. Instead of working together they placed the magnifying glass on each other, pointed ballistic...
For years, I had to endure the ignorant insistence by Malaysians who argue that whoever is conferred a Tunship by the Agong, would enjoy legal immunity. This gave rise to rumors that Mahathir Mohamad was in haste to secure this title in order to protect himself from legal actions over all the misdeeds committed during his premiership. Others maintained that once Samy Vellu was made a Tun, he too would be beyond the long arm of the law. Not true. According to the Supreme Ruler's website, while...
The Advocacy Coalition Framework (Sabatier, 1993) is a tool that is used in policymaking and is particularly helpful in dealing with intense public policy systems. It facilitates the understanding of the policies and priorities that are involved in dispute management that arises from the interaction of different levels of Government and multiple actors while implementing the public policies formulated. To analyse the Immigration in the UK to the movement towards the UK Border Control,...
The main priorities in European Union policy on Russia are: strengthening of political and economical stability of Russian Federation; providing stable energy supplies; possible collaboration on juridical and internal questions. Ecological and nuclear safety for "mild" threats opposition; activization of cooperation with Russia in the South of the Caucasus and in the west of CIS for providing of political stability in CIS countries, including the settlement of frozen conflicts....
In the contemporary world international relations are defined as the human interactions through natural borders, therefore to be able to talk about International relations in Latin America and its role in the international system, it is necessary to rewind some scenes and go back several years, more specifically until 19th century when independent movements in the region started to be stronger and ended up with the emergence of the independent nations states in Latin America. It would not be...
Electoral systems are indispensable and the most basis factor of representative democracy translating citizens votes into representatives seats, and in many cases, the head of state. Electoral systems are also the most practical and accessible way available to democratic reformers. Electoral laws are not stable issue as it is always argued in politic area especially after every election .Boix explains this that electoral system has been showing some changes since the beginning of the 20th...
The history of Russia is history without compromise sometimes agonising in its cruelty and hardship, sometimes heroic and courageous in its battle against fate, but above all it is the story of a nation in the making: a nation will live today. Russia not long time ago completed its Capitalist Revolution, which brought down the system created by the Great Russian Social Revolution of 1917. The collapse of the Soviet Union, the end of the Communist dictatorship, and the termination of the Soviet...
Discourse has been described as 'a form of social action' (van den Berg 2003: 120) and 'intimately involved in the construction and maintenance of inequality' (Wetherell 2003: 131). Thus a careful study of discourse will ultimately reveal the power relations between the parties involved. This has been one of the major foci of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). According to van Dijk (2001a: 352), CDA 'studies the way social power abuse, dominance, and inequality are enacted, reproduced, and...
If the words of traditionalist historians from the cold-war era are to be taken as fact, then the answer to the topic question dictates that there is a real connection that exists between Leninism and Stalinism. It was the socioeconomic and political base created by Lenin that became the plant from which emerged the excesses of Stalin's era. Stalin promoted an entirely personal viewpoint when it came to his soviet policy i.e. he took on the role and accumulative advantages of being the Lenin of...