Having discussed the New Great Game and the nature of Indian involvement in Afghanistan. This chapter will generally focus on the regional responses to Indian involvement along with its implications for Pakistan in particular. Of significant concern are the repercussions associated with enhanced Indian presence in Afghanistan especially after the expected drawdown of ISAF forces post 2014. At present, "the increased Indian presence in Afghanistan is receiving multiple responses globally...
In this essay I make an attempt to differentiate the terms political theory and ideology. I shall also attempt to clarify the meanings used by political theorists. Whilst all theories and ideologies are salient they also possess elements that are contentious or misleading and in turn no matter what political reasoning is developed it in itself can be contested and there are different perspectives and ideologies for any given situation and those perspectives have shaped the modern political...
The Collapse of USSR did not happen by one day. It was a long process, which has economic, political, social and military causes. The main causes were a stagnant economy and unsuccessful Gorbachev' reforms which led to food shortage, deficit of goods and a worsening of living standards. The second cause was no political stability in leadership, political opposition and ideological problems. The third cause was nationalism. Soviet Republics with own nations wanted independence. The fourth reason...
How Entrenched or rigid should a state's Constitution be? A constitution is defined as "a frame of political society, organised through and by law; that is to say one in which law has established permanent institutions with recognised functions and definitive rights" (Wolf-Phillips, 1972:7). Thus a Constitution in itself is a legal framework through and by which a state is governed. This essay will asses factors that benefit and hinder constitutions based upon their depth of...
As Liberal economic theory is an essential philosophy in determining the environment of the market and in explaining the structure of the global political economy, many scholars discuss whether liberal economic theory is a truly rational approach in establishing a fair and just international market environment. This essay sought to assess the major shortcoming of Liberal economy theory in explaining global political economy and extrapolate the possible reason of why this shortfall is not being...
On April 7th 2010, Bakiyev's government was ousted following the huge anti-governmental protests in the country leaving approximately 110 people dead and numerous injured. In comparison to Tulip Revolution 2005, the recent revolt resulted in even more human casualties and other damages i.e. state owned property and private properties. []  Roza Otunbayeva in her interview for "Newsweek" in April mentioned a list of reasons that caused the revolt. As she pointed out that:...
Environmental degradation is defined as any threat towards the survival of the ecosystem caused by the deterioration of resources such as air, water and soil. Environmental degradation represents the greatest challenge facing the world today because it poses not only as a threat to the survival of the ecosystem but also to our existence and the security of states. Thus environmental degradation has a substantial influence on the economic, social and political sphere thus posing as the greatest...
Israel is one of the most politically controversial countries in the world. This is because of the continuing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. This conflict is about territory, but also has religious aspects. It has led to an ongoing armed conflict and strained relations with the Arab world. The conflict has been ongoing for many years. It is a large international problem, the Israel-Palestine problem seems to have taken on huge proportions in the...
Raphael Kaplinsky's book is a good attempt to study the impact of globalization on the world population. According to him, the worlds is divided between haves and haves not. He argues that some countries are still lagging behind because of incapacity to engage in the world market. Kaplinsky studies 'poverty' in two dimensions, residual and relational (p.27). The poor countries are poor because of the relational poverty. He says that '...a significant component of absolute poverty and worsening...
Our administration is facing a forked road. On one direction, decisions are made to protect the welfare of our people; to look after the interest of the majority; to have a firm grip on principles; and to be faithful to the public servant's sworn oath to serve the country honestly. This is the straight path. On the other side, personal interest is the priority, and where one becomes a slave to political considerations to the detriment of our nation. This is the crooked path. For a long time,...