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RUCHI (Rural Centre for Human Interests) began its work as a non-profit, voluntary organization in October 1980 from the foothills of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Before it was registered as a Society in 1983, RUCHI worked from the isolated village of Chopal in the Shimla District. The area was chosen because of its remote location. It was underdeveloped and had no intervention by any NGO sector government. During its initial stage RUCHI worked with limited staff capacities that were low on...
When you are explaining realism there needs to be three key determining factors. First, the states system must be anarchic. Anarchy itself defines the behavior of the state. Sovereign states are autonomous and have no global government to patrol them. Second, that the anarchical system motivates states to put security as their primary interest. Third, the only actors involved are states. Because of these conditions, each state will always act in its own interests. Liberalism, in contrast, also...
What is Globalization? Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world. []  The economists, Joseph Stiglitz always talked about...
Since the industrial revolution in Europe, energy requirements have growth at a steady rate. In addition, not only industry but the modern way of life also increases this demand. The European Union consumes more and more energy every year, therefore the balance of energy is crucial for European security. Energy production within the EU is deficient and as a result external energy dependency is constantly increasing. Oil prices have tripled since March 1999. Consequently, recovery of the...
Global citizenship aims at bringing the concept of citizenship to a global view. it is a term used to cover political, economic, environmental and social actions of global minded people, as well as communities on a global perspective. It is a concept that is aimed at helping people understand the ever changing world. As a concept, global citizenship has a great appeal. It is thus sought by various institutions in an effort to promote world peace and make people responsible global citizens. Due...
Despite the existence of numerous definitions of 'the state' in extant literature related to the social and political sciences , the difficulty of finding a single, universally -accepted definition of the term, remains a challenge. This has been largely due to the fact that a definition of 'the state' is always dependent on a clear distinction from notions of what a 'society' means. In practice, however, the line between the state and society is often difficult to draw (Mitchell, 1991)....
The case of Venezuela is especially interesting for the course of Latin American Politics because with its supposably large oil reserves - as sixth highest stock of proved reserves of crude oil in the world behind Saudi Arabia, Canada, Iran, Iraq and Kuwait [] and hence highest storage in Latin America - it possesses one of the world's currently most powerful and worthiest resources. Due to this fact it will not lose international spotlight in near future concerning as well its...
According to Hakovirta (online, 1993), the primary cause of refugee flows is violent man-made conflict. Obviously, there is strong evidence to support the correlation between violent conflicts in Third World countries and refugee outflows. Countries like Senegal, Jamaica, and Bhutan that have not had violent conflicts have not produced noticeable numbers of refugees, while most countries that have been involved in very violent conflicts like Bangladesh, Kampuchea, and Afghanistan have been key...
Introduction This chapter instantiates the regional focus of this thesis by summarizing the sociopolitical and macroeconomic framework of both, Brazil and China. This chapter provides the qualitative foundation for the subsequent multiple regression analysis of 79 identical macroeconomic variables for both countries. This chapter is hence organized according to the comparative analysis of Brazil and China, highlighting structural differences in their sociopolitical and macroeconomic frameworks;...
The Republic of Hungary is a landlocked country located in Eastern Europe, full of tradition, culture and a rich heritage. In recent history, Hungary is considered a "second world," or developing country. Once part of the Soviet Union, it is now simply a scrambling nation trying to get its bearings in the fast paced 21st century. To explain this, one must observe how the International Monetary Fund (IMF) intervened in the country's finances. Why? In order to understand why they...