Five years after crises erupted in many countries and led to the global economic crisis, the world nowadays is still in facing of economic recession continuously. The question asking about the way to solve has always been in two ways: austerity or stimulus, however, there is still no certain answer or any result that could be used to assure such conditions. In fact, both of austerity and stimulus policy are kind of double-edged sword. Either austerity or stimulus policy have its strengths and...
The term "Nuclear Iran" is a hot cake these days around the selling the idea that it would not only destabilize the balance of power in the region but may also generate a wave of nuclear race that would be more harmful and destructive for peaceful co-existence in the world in general and the region in particular. Iran, an important Gulf power equipped with oil bonanza under the fiery leadership of President Mahmud Ahmadinejad, has intentions to seek nuclear capability both for...
Economic Diplomacy becomes a Foreign Policy tool of Coercion. ‘Economic diplomacy' assumes under itself the diplomatic official actions, concentrated on an increase in the export, the attraction of foreign investments and participation in the work of foreign economic organizations, that is, the actions, focused during the confirmation of the economic interests of the country at the international level. To what extent does information on the true role of economic diplomacy on international...
The assimilation of Albania with NATO hailed the advent of a new economic era for the country as its economic structure evolved from being local and isolated to more liberal and secure. The reason a NATO membership for Albania has been able to bring around optimism among most Albanian and has been considered a harbinger of a better economic state is that NATO offers the security and stability to the nation that promises a burgeoning economy in the future (AlbanianEconomy.com, 2008). Ever since...
A majority of United States citizens know about Guantánamo Bay, but only a select few know the exact happenings at the Naval Base in southeastern Cuba. Guantánamo Bay has been the source of much controversy in the United States and around the world since the very beginning of the United States' involvement in Cuba. Although the base has become greatly valued by the United States, the U.S. government has been heavily criticized for supposed injustices that occur at the base....
When considering these two theories in defining approaches to describe the European Union, we face the debate of agents versus structures. A constructivist approach means that it considering individual actors inside the structures in which they operate to have a significant impact on shaping their identity and behavior. Moreover, 'constructivism conceives of structures not only as material, but also social. Furthermore, these structures are not only constraints on behavior. Actors' environment...
Baxter, Kylie. US Foreign Policy in the Middle East : The Roots of Anti-Americanism. Abingdon, UK : Routledge, 2008. Print The book covers the topic of US policy in the Middle East and shows that the USA tried to take the central place in the foreign policy and relations of the Middle East countries during last half a century. the authors speak that US policy always had a great impact on the life and policy of the Middle East region, but nowadays there is the anti-American sentiments in...
The term ‘special relationship' is used to describe the Anglo-American relations soon after the Second World War when Britain and the United States developed a close working relationship and co-operated extensively in terms of military alliance, intelligence, diplomacy, nuclear affairs and also in cultural and intellectual life. The relationship between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill established the beginning of an extraordinary relationship in political...
In 2004 the former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan tasked a High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change to take stock of threats to international and human security and make recommendations to improve the UN response. The Panel's subsequent report found that the UN had a vital and irreplaceable role in peacebuilding, with unique legitimacy and comparative advantages that could not be replicated elsewhere and also identified a key institutional gap: there was no place in the UN system...
Forests around the world are usually exploited by loggers, miners and the rural community in unsustainable methods in their search to make profits or other subsistence purposes. Studies have shown that forest deforestation may be as a result of primary actors which are considered as direct causes. However, it is imperative to understand that direct causes of deforestation "are determined through complex causation chains, by deeper and much more fundamental forces: the underlying causes of...