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Security is generally referred to as a degree of protection by which states have against danger, criminals or other losses. Security is relative and has to be compared and contrasted with concepts such as reliability, safety and continuity. State security is a condition by which a state can have resistance to harm. Security from an objective point of view is structure's actual measure of resistance to a possible harm. This is rather conceptual in nature than actual. Structural relationships...
I must fairly say, I dread our own ambition; I dread our being too much dreaded…it is ridiculous to say we are not men, and that, as men, we shall never wish to aggrandize ourselves in some way or other… we may say that we shall not abuse this astonishing and hitherto unheard of power. But every other nation will think we shall abuse it. It is impossible but that, sooner or later, this state if things produce a combination against us which may end our ruin. Edmund Burke This essay...
Year of 1993 can be considered as the beginning of the partnership relations between Ukraine and the EU, when Ukrainian parliament Verchovna Rada in its resolution "On (over) main directions of Ukraine's foreign policy" stated that "longer-term view of foreign policy of Ukraine is accession to the EU". Nevertheless, this goal stood out as one of several quite contradictory decisions on the list at the time, when Verchovna Rada conducted a 'multidirectional' international...
On May 14, 1948, the U.S became the first country to extend de facto recognition to Israel. Over the years, the U.S and Israel have developed a close relationship based on common democratic values, religious affinities and security interests. These relations have evolved through legislation, memorandums of understanding, agreement about economic, scientific and military issues and trade. []  The special relationship between the U.S and Israel evolved slowly. Despite the many...
There is no doubt that India aspires to break out of its existence thus far, as that of a potential power, to an actual regional and finally a global power. Keeping this aim uppermost in its policy making, India seeks to establish harmonious relations with its neighbours as well as the rest of the world. When the SAARC was mooted India immediately joined in with the hope that removal of trade barriers, better business and cultural relations would aid in improving the economic environment of...
There has been an increasing attention paid by scholars and practitioners alike on performance measurement and managerial control in public sector (Figlio and Kenny 2009, Bennett et al 2006, Hattry 2006, Neely 2002, Frederickson & Frederickson 2006 and Pollitt & Bouckaert, 2004). These and many other literatures on performance measurement agreed that every organisation wittingly or unwittingly seeks to align human effort and the desired organisational goals. The management of the...
The great barriers of Communism came crumbling down in one fell swoop during the events of 1991 that had restrained freedoms in the Soviet Union for over 70 years. The economy was in shambles, and a strong constitution and new leadership was needed. During the period of 1991 to 1993, a new "phoney democracy" emerged as the power struggle between the executive and legislature came to a head forcing the Russian people to protest/assemble in the streets. This essay will first outline the...
The concept of NGOs though an old phenomenon in terms of civil society received enormous upsurge in the 1980s and 1990s (Hulme Edward 1995) emerging as an alternative to fill the gap left by the state and market in the wake of neo-liberal policies. In the Ghanaian situation for instance, NGOs were actively involved in the aftermath of SAP especially with the implementation of the adjustment with a human face to counter the adverse effects of structural adjustment. NGOs since then have gone...
The main concept of this article is to portray strategic hedging between the U.S. and the PRC as a significant method to maintain equilibrium of regional relations through demands for financial, trade, and economic benefits, with precautions on the military capabilities of the other. For this reason, the United States and the PRC will maintain strategic hedging in order to maximize their national interests and prevent regional conflicts. Most of the point of views given and discussed focuses on...
"The political divisions are the raison d'être of international relations; the variety of the different part of the earth's surface is the raison d'être of geography". Available at: http://www.jstor.org/pss/2008950 Societies are built upon common factors as religion, customs and culture in general. A state is the association of people with common interests under a faction of laws; those factors assembled in a unit build up the state, which depends also majorly on a...