Nowadays we can always hear the word democracy in everywhere. What is actually democracy. Democracy is a political system which involves multiparty elections, representative government and also freedom of speech. In other words, we can say that it is a form of government that the citizens are directly or indirectly participate in the state ruling. The citizens in democratic countries have the equality and freedom in social, religion, culture and economic. They are also allowed to elect the...
Being a leading supplier of oil and gas to Western Europe, Russia holds Ukraine as an important strategic ally. With eighty percent of Russian gas pipelined to the EU through Ukraine, the Ukrainians were kept in Russia's sphere of influence. Looking at it statistically, Russia via Ukraine imports about fifty percent of natural gas while the oil imports reaches thirty-four percent (Shiells, Clinton R. "VAT Design and Energy Trade: The Case of Russia and Ukraine." 103-119). The...
Both, Singapore and Brunei are Southeast Asia´s most prosperous economies in terms of income distribution, living standards of its citizens and unemployment rate. Singaporeans as well as Bruneians enjoy one of the world´s highest standards of living. Singapore as well as Brunei is governed by a rather centralized government with three branches: executive, legislature and judiciary. Brunei as well as Singapore are despite the rather centralized and autocratic government politically stable and...
Globalisation refers to the fact that through the advances in technology, communication, trade as well as more frequent and more affordable air travel, the world has shrunk. Through the Internet we are all part of the global community and is able to share information like never before in history. The opening up of trade agreements and global financial markets has led to that capital can now flow freely in and out of countries of the world. This entail led to the emerging new markets and...
Nearly a quarter century of armed conflict left the Afghan state broken, its national institutions virtually non-existent, and its economy in ruins. Traditional authority was undermined while many of the society's norms seemed transformed. By the end of 2001, the country had become effectively a ward of the international community with the United States taking the lead in securing it from anti-regime elements. Progress was soon registered in establishing an interim leadership, a transitional...
The Afghanistan conflict (1979) that took place during the Cold War era can be described as a war between the US and Russia by proxy. What arguments support this idea if any and do you agree with them? It is important to firstly establish what is meant by a war between the USA and Russia by proxy. A proxy war is a conflict that has no direct military action, the conflict may be fought through economic and political actions such as espionage and through surrogates. Surrogates are typically known...
"As a political thinker Locke may be regarded as a precursor of liberal constitutionalism and even, to a limited extent, of liberal democracy" Discuss this statement." John Locke, an English philosopher was born in Somerset on the 29th of August, 1632 and died on the 28th of October, 1704. Locke is considered as one of the great British political philosopher's, his ideas had enormous influences on the development of epistemology. Locke is widely regarded as one of the most...
Very few developments in international relations today are as dramatic, consequential, and uncertain as the rise of China, which is defined as the rapid increase of China's economic capacity, military might, cultural influence, and political power. Perhaps even fewer areas in world politics have generated such starkly opposing views and heated debates as the study of China's rise. Most scholars recognize the unrivaled magnitude and potential of this epic event, but there are many diverse...
How does civil society interact with the state and how and why does it differ between different societies? The modern idea of civil society emerged in the Scottish and Continental Enlightenment of the late 18th century. Political theorists developed the notion of civil society as a domain parallel to but separate from the state, where citizens are able to associate according to their own interests and wishes. The global trend towards democracy made way for civil society in formerly dictatorial...
Intrastate wars continue to threaten world peace yet despite their rampant nature the international community has failed to respond promptly and appropriately. The gravity of these crises could not have been put better than Kofi Annan, former UN Secretary, when he observed that: … since 1970 Africa has had more than 30 wars fought on its territory, the vast majority of which have been intra-state in origin. Fourteen of Africa's 53 countries were afflicted by armed conflicts in 1996 alone....