No one ever thought an event like the 9/11 attack would every happen on American soil. The United States homeland defense vulnerabilities were quickly identified and portrayed to adversaries within a matter of minutes. Even the President, George W. Bush, was stunned by the events that took place on that day, but quickly adjusted his focus on the defense of the Homeland. September 11, 2001, was a tragic attack that affected the public and political perceptions of terrorist threats home and...
Bhutan, a country comfortably cradled between Asian giants; a South Asian nation that managed to dodge British colonization; a ferociously religious and traditional society striding along comfortably in today's modern world. In this essay, I shall try to tackle the issue of how Bhutan has managed to maintain steady democratic progress, present some challenges it may face in future and a general review of Bhutan against the backdrop of its more chaotic neighbours.Democratic Transition and...
Strategic, development partnerships are frequently represented as a way of providing recipient countries 'ownership' of their development programmes. They derive their power simultaneously through exclusion and incorporation; also, by using freedom as a formula of rule partnerships, they help the 'production' of modern, self-disciplined citizens and states by en-listing them as responsible agents in their own development (Abrahamsen: 2004). The European Community (EU) / European Union (EU) has...
Looking at the above topic one will say it is a straightforward question, but there is more to it than one may think. In this easy we will start by finding out what the two main key words are: Which are globalization and terrorism? Also, try to find out what each means. Globalization is the process in which government of different nations interact and integrate with each other, on the other we can say globalization is internationalization, liberalization, universalization and the westernization...
Democracy has an interesting relationship with oil. Some studies suggest it is not necessarily a pleasant one. "When income rises governments tend to be more democratic, but if the rise of income can be traced to country's oil wealth, this democratizing effect will shrink or disappear" [Tsui 2005; Jensen and Wantchekon 2004; Ross 2001; Wantchekon 2000; Barro 1999; Crystal 1990]. Thomas Friedman, an American columnist, has gone to the extent of claiming that "oil and democracy...
First and foremost, this paper will explain and discuss why Iraq was invaded by the US-led coalition. In fact, there were many justifications provided by the US administration which were taken as a pretext to invade and occupy Iraq. US Administration presented before and after the fall Baghdad a number of justifications to persuade the world that war on Iraq was necessary. The war on Iraq was launched on March 19, 2003 to remove Saddam regime and to benefit from Iraq oil. US administration also...
The focus of this research is the investigation of the relation between merit and non-merit based upward career mobility. The suspicion is that there is an impermeable barrier that blocks this vertical career mobility: below this barrier, people are able to get promoted on merit; beyond this barrier, they hit an invisible barrier that blocks any further upward movement. To unravel this puzzle the starting point is to gain understanding of what is meant by merit and non-merit. The word Merit can...
After more than seventeen years of innovation, with the significant efforts of the Communist Party and people, Vietnam has made grand achievements in socio-economic and now facing new requirements to reach a higher stage of improvement than before. During the new period of development, Vietnam still has to face many challenges and difficulties, besides the advantages and opportunities. That situation requires us to give extremely great efforts to seize the opportunities and to continue...
In his paper published in 2007, "The Military and Small States: The role of hard power in Singapore's Domestic and Foreign Policy", Bilveer made the following concluding remarks: "…it is highly likely that Singapore will continue to invest in hard power, especially military power while supplementing it with soft power. In short, as a small state, hard power will remain Singapore's mainstay and core resources in enhancing its security with soft power being applied when and where...
Colombia was one of three countries that emerged following the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. Francisco de Paula Santander became the president of the new state. Colombia's name has changed many times since its independence from Gran Colombia, starting with the Republic of New Granada, then the Granadine Confederation, then the United States of Colombia, and finally the current Republic of Colombia. Colombia's history is filled with violent conflicts between the conservative and liberal...