The aim of this chapter is to bring out the elements behind Russia's quest to maintain a sphere of influence around itself. In doing this, one should not just look at present Russian politics and recent attempts by Russia to restore its former sphere of influence. One has to look briefly into the history of Russia from the time of the Tsars and during the Communist regime. The Tsars had always desired to create a sphere of influence which would act as a belt of protection for Russia. One...
The people of Africa practice crop cultivation, growing a wide range of primary products. Africa is the only continent named after its geographical location. This was after a mutual agreement to retain the name with the establishment of a constitutional non-racial democracy. After fragmentation, the national identity changed in symbol. Economic status has paralleled political and social segregation and inequality. The modern African ways occurred as a result of varied conflicts. Africa is...
The Cuban-US conflict can be seen as one of those cases of chimerical enemies or irrational hatred typified in IR.Both nations remain embroiled in a Cold War that ended over twenty years ago, but as the Caribbean island languishes economically and militarily, only few would look it as a threat to American security. Nonetheless, the US isolationist policies toward its neighbour remain in 'essence' the same as those implemented by Kennedy. [] It therefore comes as no surprise that for a...
The main objective of this investigation is to illustrate the reader of how important is a FTA between two economies and all the implications it has, also the importance of the Labor Chapter inclusion in trade agreements and the effects that the parties have in their labor force and structure. The differences that United States has within its Congress and political ideas would represent an obstacle for the continuous negotiation with a developing country as Chile, which is going to complete and...
The three major cultural changes that have occurred during this time period since then was the agricultural revolution which began around 10,000-12,000 years ago, the industrial- medical revolution which began about 275 years ago and the information and globalization revolution which began about 50 years ago. These changes increased our impact with the environment in three ways such as giving us more energy and new technologies that alter and control more of the planet to meet the basic needs,...
A realist theoretical lens would be the most appropriate for analyzing this issue, since it thoroughly addresses the actions and reactions taken of one state (in this case the rising Chinese power) so that they can survive and continue spreading their economic and diplomatic influence. In many cases, realists like Mearsheimer point out that states are the main actors in world politics and operate in an anarchic international system. Furthermore states cannot determine the intentions of another...
"Analyse the policy-making roles in and responses of the four main EU institutions to the ongoing financial crisis". The European Union (EU) is not a federal state, unlike the United States of America, as members retain their own independence as a sovereign nation/country. Each member state does contribute an element of its sovereignty by taking joint decisions with other members. Through countries delegating some of their decision making power, so that decisions can be made at a...
The conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, formally Zaire, is complex, complicated by the struggle for power over the countrys vast resources by actors within and outside Congo. In recent years, one particular mineral, coltan, has been at the center of the fight. The precious ore is mined in rebel-controlled areas at the expense of national parks and depletion of wildlife. Coltan is a key element in cell phones, computer chips, nuclear reactors, and PlayStations. The market for the...
The post-Cold War realm opened an opportunity window for the countries to establish a new world balance, especially when the world is being increasingly influenced by the regional powers maintaining peace in their respective regions and promoting trade and human rights - in other words, playing a pivotal role of a watchdog. In the case of South America, Brazil has a serious claim for becoming such a regional power. The representatives of the German Institute of Global and Area Studies outlined...
The Presidential election of 1948 was an election with many firsts. It was not only the first Presidential election following the end of World War II, but also the first since the beginning of the Cold War. Democrats had been in office for sixteen years, and with the election of the 80th Congress going to the Republicans during the off year, it seemed that America wanted a change. Franklin D. Roosevelt had held office twelve of the past sixteen years. Roosevelt, who had led this country through...