The changing sources of power after World War II and the preponderance of Soft Power. Essentially up to date, there are numerous attempts of scholars and philosophers to define the concept of power- a concept which is widely understood intuitively in minds of ordinary people. Generally speaking, power can be comprehended as an ability of one actor to do things and control other actors' behaviors and influence others to do what they otherwise would not (Dahl, 1957 cited in infra.kth.se)....
The idea of sustainable development is the core principle of environmental law. This concept has undergone a long historical development. It lies at the heart of many significant international legal instruments. The term was famously used at the Cocoyoc Declaration on Environment in 1970s. Since then it has become the important issue of international organisations dedicated to achieving environmental beneficial development. The term was referred to in a treaty for the first time in 1992, in the...
Firstly the concept of justice had been discussed from the great philosophers of the Ancient Greece history, Aristotle and Plato. Plato stated that injustice arises when equals are treated unequally and also when unequals are treated equally [] . This injustice had been justified on the ground that men are corrupt rather than righteous in a unjust society where justice has to balance the values of the righteous persons with the need for the society to prevent the prevail of...
It was a solid fact that WMD had killed millions of people during the world wars and other wars. As early as in the late 1930s and early 1940s, Albert Einstein and other scientists started working to build the first ever nuclear weapon. They had warned that "If one works on the assumption that Germany is, or will be, in the possession of this weapon, it must be realized that no shelters are available that would be effective and that could be used on a large scale. The most effective reply...
Should gay men and women be able to openly serve in the armed forces? Is it a Constitutional right? This paper will discuss the rights of homosexuals to serve in the United States Armed Forces. We will explore this beginning in section I with a brief history of the law pertaining to homosexuality before the existence of the "don't ask don't tell" policy. We will continue in Section II with an explanation of the policy, it's various interpretations and how it applies to those gay and...
There has been an outbreak of a disease that turned humans into zombies. Country X, the source of infection did not alert the World Health Organisation. It also diverted global attention by concocting a subterfuge that it was about to make war with its neighbor. Country X rounded up its 'infected' people and closed its borders but the people turned to human trafficking cartels to be smuggled out, hoping for a cure in the Western countries. Soon, the world was facing possible extermination of...
By this definition, internally displaced persons (IDPs) who are often mistakenly referred to as refugees, do not qualify as refugees because they have remained inside their home countries under the protection of their own government (UNHCR, online, 2001-2010). Since the 1951 convention on refugees, there have been several refugee crisis situations worldwide. In its annual report for 2010, UNHCR estimates that about 43.3 million people are forcibly displaced - the highest figure since 1990....
It is worth to mention that modern government is based on a social contract between citizens and the state in which rights and duties are agreed to by all to further the common interest. Governments acquire legitimacy by protecting the people's rights and through public policies that benefit all. Policy making is often in hands of powerful groups and elites, making government policies biased and unaccountable to the majority of citizens. Due to the fact that half the world's population...
Communist state North Korea is a Communist state, with a policy of diplomatic and economic self-reliance, fronted by the dictator Kim Jong-Il (2010). Choosing to shun the outside world, the government promotes fear and paranoia through propaganda, surveillance and censorship. Through this, Kim maintains his iron grip on his country and its people, with the regime being compared by Ben MacIntyre (2010), to George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four. The citizens of North Korea have no privacy...
Today's world required that foreign relations made contemplate from a different and extend perspective than the traditional conception. In the case of Colombia, the country confronts the challenges of conduct the foreign relations by guaranty a good manage in the economics( Competitiveness) , Social (Development Security), and at the same time that apply a good and efficient foreign policy which is important to make a credible foreign policy for international actors, in this process of foreign...