Social Contract Theory, is one of the oldest philosophical theories on the origin of state .The original inspiration for this notion is said to have derived from the bible, covenant between God and Abraham and later by the Sophists in Greece, but it is mostly brought up by the writings of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The social contract is moral and/or political obligation dependent upon a contract or agreement between the people to form society. The social contract...
Trace the evolution of IHL and highlight the challenges of implementing IHL in contemporary conflict. IHL is a branch of law of nations for international law which governs relations between members of International community. It is supranational and its fundamental rules are binding on all states. Its goal is to maintain peace and protect humanity. IHL or law of armed conflict which was earlier called 'Law of War' is a special branch of law governing situations of armed conflict. IHL helps to...
Growing competencies and changing nature of the EC/EU, more and more 'ambitious' enlargements and aspiration to become a global player on the international scene makes the EU a subject of the continuous evaluation. The nation states are always used as the frame of reference. Surprisingly or not, the EU goes quite badly in this comparison. It is perceived as l'objet politique non-identifié which is unceasingly looking for its identity and common recognition. One of the possible source of...
United Nations health and food organizations calculate that 25,000 people throughout the developing world die every day from hunger and malnutrition and related diseases. Hunger's grip on children is particularly cruel, contributing to about 6 million young deaths annually at the beginning of this century. Of the children who survive, 300 million are classified as "chronically hungry," which means that night after night they go to bed with an empty stomach; 150 million children under...
In this short paper I try to demonstrate how and why Bangladesh is still a divided nation politically and socially after 40 years of independence; how this conflict slowing down country's development. My argument in some manner reflects Mag. Bert Preiss's lecture entitled 'Conflict Transformation/resolution' and ends finding some solutions.Early History of BangladeshThe British had left Indian subcontinent and separated it into two new states by religion; Hindu state India and Muslim state...
Although, it pains me to say it but it is true, the United States of America is in degeneration. The U.S.A. is the worlds leading super power, however it is starting to lag behind in several key points in society. Education standards are falling, the economy and unemployment are on the rise. The political system is all but ruined, it has virtually forsaken the original concepts. It shameful that the military cannot put an end to small terrorist organizations after 10 years. The military has not...
Canada for several years has had a mixed economy where both the government and the public are involved in making decisions for Canada`s economy. However, when it comes to Canada`s goal of environmental sustainability the government has been over ruling the concerns of the Canadians citizens because either the citizens are too busy making money or citizens are unaware of certain dangers that cause harm to our environment. For instance, Alberta Oil Sands have been a huge concern in...
How can we win the global war on terror? Resolve the above issues through the development of a global strategy to fight terrorism that incorporates both short and long-term goals as well as local and international goals for achieving success. ISSUE 1: Both go by the name "Taliban," but militants in Afghanistan and Pakistan are increasingly diverging in their ultimate goal. The Pakistanis have joined Al-Qaeda's campaign to attack Western targets and spread radical Islam while the...
Today, democracy is considered to be the best form of the government. The modern views on democracy stand on the ground that the democracy is the power of people over the government. Traditionally, the modern democracy implies the participation of people in the process of governing through the election of legislative and other branches of power, transparency of power, and public control over statesmen and ruling elite at large. However, such views on the modern democracy are quite different...
The changing nature of the welfare state in Britain over the last twenty-five years or so has been one of the key issues underpinning much of the debate about social policy development in the country. The main basis of this assignment is to discuss how the ideas and practice of the welfare of state in the twentieth century has changed. It will discuss some background information on the chosen topic. In the seventeenth century the parishes were responsible for maintaining the poor, primary to...