"As a political thinker Locke may be regarded as a precursor of liberal constitutionalism and even, to a limited extent, of liberal democracy" Discuss this statement." John Locke, an English philosopher was born in Somerset on the 29th of August, 1632 and died on the 28th of October, 1704. Locke is considered as one of the great British political philosopher's, his ideas had enormous influences on the development of epistemology. Locke is widely regarded as one of the most...
Very few developments in international relations today are as dramatic, consequential, and uncertain as the rise of China, which is defined as the rapid increase of China's economic capacity, military might, cultural influence, and political power. Perhaps even fewer areas in world politics have generated such starkly opposing views and heated debates as the study of China's rise. Most scholars recognize the unrivaled magnitude and potential of this epic event, but there are many diverse...
How does civil society interact with the state and how and why does it differ between different societies? The modern idea of civil society emerged in the Scottish and Continental Enlightenment of the late 18th century. Political theorists developed the notion of civil society as a domain parallel to but separate from the state, where citizens are able to associate according to their own interests and wishes. The global trend towards democracy made way for civil society in formerly dictatorial...
Intrastate wars continue to threaten world peace yet despite their rampant nature the international community has failed to respond promptly and appropriately. The gravity of these crises could not have been put better than Kofi Annan, former UN Secretary, when he observed that: … since 1970 Africa has had more than 30 wars fought on its territory, the vast majority of which have been intra-state in origin. Fourteen of Africa's 53 countries were afflicted by armed conflicts in 1996 alone....
President George Herbert Walker Bush was born on June 12, 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts and was the second child of Prescott and Dorothy Bush. George H.W. Bush was raised in a wealthy environment in Greenwich, Connecticut. Despite this, George was taught Christian values. For example, each morning at breakfast, George's dad, who later became a U.S. Senator, would read from the Bible. In 1937, George H.W. Bush entered Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. In 1942, he joined the U.S. Naval...
"A united Europe, even to the limited extent that it is united, is a major power- one bigger than the United States in territory and population. A morally unmoored Europe, imploding under the weight of its social and economic pressures few politicians in Europe will forthrightly describe, no less address, poses a threat to American interests and objectives everywhere on this planet. It threatens our trade policy and our economy. It threatens our policy in Iraq. It threatens our attempts...
Development aid is one of the most original political innovations of the twentieth century. Aid has been one of the main points of focus since the Second World War. Some argue that it is not needed and it creates the notion of dependency, but others argue that there is not enough of it (Pattern, 1987). Regardless of the argument it cannot be denied that it is a global issue. The assumption would be that disadvantaged nations require help from those better of in order to rise out of poverty, and...
Unsurprisingly, it would be impossible to form an exhaustive list and adequate analysis into all forms of violence, let alone their relationships with boundaries and borders. However, there are dominant trends and themes that arise in debates around boundary and border violence. It is useful here to clarify what is meant by both a boundary and a border so as to avoid confusion. Boundaries denote a differentiation between 'us' and 'them', they are broadly 'mental constructs' that can appropriate...
When Panchayati Raj was started in India, the basic idea was that at the local level there should be a certain level of democracy which would give to people a sense of involvement, otherwise there was democracy at the state level, and democracy at the national level, i.e., election to the state legislative assemblies, election to the parliament, but at the local level there was no democracy, it was ruled by administrators. If the people are to be involved they have to be given some sort of...
The long-term issues surrounding the Murray Darling Basin provide an excellent case study with which to review federalism in Australia. This paper will explore the history of the Murray Darling Basin management, the relationships it has fostered and examine why success has been achieved where other national issues have failed. Federalism in Australia To provide context for this case study it is useful to define and summarise federalism and how it has shaped modern Australia. Generally,...