Important theoretical distinctions can be made between different types of minorities. The first one concerns the relationship that such minorities have with the territory and can be divided into two kinds: autochthonous and allochthonous minorities. The former are also called indigenous, historical or territorial minorities; these terms refer to communities whose members have a distinct language or culture compared to the rest of population; very often, they became minorities as a consequence...
China is fast rising as an economic power and its demand for energy is rising fast. This poses another challenge for China. This challenge is the environmental challenge. China's greenhouse gas emissions are also rising at an alarming rate. This, in turn, is increasing pressure from the international community for the Chinese government to curb greenhouse gas emissions. The Chinese government is doing its part regarding climate change but it is also stressing that economic progress is its...
The modus, in which states present themselves in an increasingly market-orientated world of "hypercompetition", has changed. Rising to new challenges, nation-branding, which uses instruments of strategic marketing, has found its place in governments' public-diplomacy efforts. The idea of the praxis of nation-branding is that a country's image resembles a brand and can therefore also be communicated in this manner. Nation-branding seeks to emphasise the strengths of a country, position...
CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION All human beings, irrespective of race, creed or sex, have the right to pursue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, of economic security and equal opportunity. -1944 The Declaration of Philadelphia, ILO[1] Am I been exploited, are a teacher been exploited, are a doctor been exploited, or else an insurance sales man been exploited? It seems to...
The discussion over diplomatic efforts to prevent Iran from pursuing nuclear enrichment is deemed incomplete without taking the role of foreign assistances into consideration. As a matter of fact, sophisticated technology and expertise utilized by Iran in enriching its uranium would be impossible with the effort of Iran alone. For one reason, the country lacks adequate and survivable C4I system to control its weapons and launch forces (Cordesman and Al-Rodhan, 2006). For another reason, a...
After the post-Cold War period major political transformations have occurred in the international system. In this regard, it is important to pay a close attention to the shifting agendas and institutional settings within the international organizations, in our case the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Consequently, with the shifting agendas, the comprehensive concept of security has also undergone to these transformations. In order to understand fully the adaptation process...
This essay is made particularly to help the reader understand the process that the European Union went through during the stages of economical integration. Furthermore, it explains the lessons that the European Union experienced when transcending these stages. The point is to explain the reader, the importance of knowing these stages of economic integration, and to show the various issues that arose in the process, and the way that the EU handled these issues. The birth of European union has...
Debates over governance concerning how states should be administered are not new. Since antiquity, men have always sought to find better ways of managing their political affairs, and creating a strong and efficient government, capable of catering to the security and social needs of its citizens, whilst mediating their sometimes conflicting demands (Daly, 1978; Baumgold, 1988; Tuck, 1996). For instance, the 18th century philosophers Rousseau and Montesquieu favoured a small or limited...
European integration has always been one of the EU's key objectives of its foreign policy and while it has been relatively successful it has often suffered from opposition. It can be described as the political, social and economic integration of states which are part of Europe. Integration is "a general concept, which implies the act of combining parts of a unified hole - a dynamic process of change" (Cini and Pérez-Solórzano, 2010).It is useful to understand why the...
Introduction The last decade of the 20th century was a turbulent and dark period for the Balkans. The Collapse of communism, followed by the collapse of Yugoslavia, brief enthusiasm followed by a decade of disappointments for the Balkan people. There was a drama in the Balkans add actors or change and in the center of it were the Serbian people with their leader Slobodan Milosevic. Again, the region got the world attention and once again, war was the reason-as it was in the beginning of the...