The structural challenges of the United Nations in the context of globalization. In the globalized world of the 21st century, countries find themselves involved in interdependent relations in aspects such as economics, environmental issues, human rights, security, and politics Adapting to this context of globalization and interdependence has been a crucial element for nations, and international institutions most of which were created in the 1940's, are not that different in the need to...
Introduction    In the aim of the protection and supporting mutual investments, Montenegro and Belgium, Prime Ministers have concluded Investment protection agreement (IPA).From the Belgium side, agreement was signed on behalf of Luxembourg - Belgian economic community and shall involve two major arrangements: one regarding mutual protection and promotion of investment and second concerning international road transportation between Montenegro and Belgium. This agreement shall...
The first European elections of 1979 by direct universal suffrage held in the nine European Community members-states Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, West Germany and United Kingdom mainly changed the European political landscape, and especially for nationalist and regionalist parties. The birth of European political level facilitated contacts, connections and political cooperation between nationalist and regionalist parties leading to the establishment of...
Over the past 25 years or so it has been generally realised that the current rate of development throughout the world is unsustainable. Over fishing, clearing rain forests and industrial pollution are just some subjects that contribute towards massive changes in the environment and can be attributed to negative effects in climate throughout the world. Furthermore, the consumption and stress placed on our natural resources cannot continue without catastrophic results, the world is growing a...
The electoral system in Macedonia should be design in a way to encourage and to grant a privilege to interethnic agreements, and the so called interethnic accommodation. In such a case, elections would offer specific privileges for those parties interested in interethnic cooperation. An example for this is, the so called vote pooling, i.e. a situation of exchanging votes among ethnic parties, where, aiming to receive votes from other communities, ethnic parties are forced to moderate their...
The electoral system, as a set of norms that govern the electoral procedures and relations, and a set of procedures and actions used to elect the public and other authorities, is of key significance for the representation of women in politics. One part of the electoral technique, which encompasses the actions and mechanisms to exercise the right to vote in the electoral process, is the distribution of mandates, which has a direct impact on the participation of women in politics. The...
The engagement in the creation of a common policy on asylum in the EU demonstrates that asylum issues concern all Member States of the Union. The current debates on effective solidarity, proactive responsibility sharing, and equitable share of burdens between Member States illustrated the need of cooperation to address sharing problems in regard to the reception of asylum seekers. From a human rights perspective, the ineffective access to an asylum procedure, the improper assessments of...
Idea as defined by dictionary.com is a thought, conception or notion/ an impression/ an opinion view or belief/ groundless supposition or fantasy/ a plan of action. India is an idea. And India aptly fits into the definition of an idea. India is a thought, conception or a notion. For the one who fights for this country it's his only thought. For an activist trying to unify the nation, his notion that one day we will think as a nation. India is an impression of culture, beliefs, tradition,...
CHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW2.0 Definition of Communication Although communication is omnipresent, it appears nonetheless difficult to define. Different individuals define communication in different ways depending upon their interests. Ruben (1984) says that communication is any “information related behaviour” while Dale (1969) says it is the “sharing of ideas and feelings in a mood of mutuality.” Other definitions emphasise the significance of symbols, as in Berelson...
As we lay emphasis to the topic encompassing leadership, there are many discussions that relates to it. Instances that we can derive from real life leadership activities also are numerous. The simple notion from our understanding of leadership is the fact that it composed an important component that finds its place of consideration in the books of managerial practices, as well as in all forms of life activities in the social landscape. There is an important aspect that leadership and what...