The North Atlantic Treaty was signed on 1949 in Washington DC, and ratified by its twelve member states. The treaty was clearly a response to the growing military threat that appeared by the communist ideology and military power of the Soviet Union, at the same time, the treaty was also viewed by some members as an insurance policy, provided mainly by the United States against the resurgent Germany. This essay discusses the role of NATO; further it will examine why NATO should not be dissolved,...
One of the key processes in the world's economy development on the verge of 20th -21st centuries is progressing globalization, i.e. qualitatively new stage in the development of internationalization of economic life. Globalization has become one of the most powerful forces determining the future course of our planet development on the whole. Nowadays it affects all areas of the public life, including economics, politics, social and cultural life, environmental, safety, etc. Of course,...
War is often the result of non negotiable problems/disputes. Since the end of the Second World War, liberal international theory advanced the establishment of international organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and its sub bodies, in the belief that such international forums were where state members have a chance to discuss and air their common issues and grievances and could prevent war and, widen the corporations between nation states. However, since its creation, the legitimacy as...
The decline of European empires after the World War II reordered the world, and a gust of "wind of change" prevailed the post-war Africa. In contrast to the downturn of Europe, the African countries attained power by the national movements during the interwar period and began to claim for independence and freedom. International atmosphere also reinforced the process of change, the US and the USSR also favored decolonization, UN published the Declaration on Granting Independence to...
Electoral College Debate - Negative Side Abstract. Be it resolved that the US congress amend the constitution to eradicate the Electoral College in favor of the popular vote. As a member of the negative side of this debate, I firmly believe that the Electoral College should not be abolished. The Electoral College is a system set up by the founding fathers in the Constitution in Article 2, Section 1, and then altered by the 12th amendment. It assigns a certain number of electoral votes to each...
Describe the plans for Reconstruction offered by Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, and Congress. What was the goal of each plan? How did each plan propose to accomplish its goal? Under the Reconstruction plan and the Proclamation of Amnesty offered by Abraham Lincoln any rebel state could form a Union government whenever a number equal to 10 percent of those who had voted in 1860 took an oath of allegiance to the Constitution and the Union and had also received a presidential pardon (Tindall...
The concept of governance is as old as human civilization. The word governance has its origin in Greek and it means to steer. In simple words the governance is the process of decision making and the process by which it is implemented (or not implemented). Good governance means that the affairs of the state are managed honestly, with every system in place, where merit is never ignored, rules are meticulously followed and where everyone is equal before law. This could only be achieved if public...
Violence has been a continuous problem for politics for many years, with terrorism becoming a more prominent form of violence in politics. Although the international community does not agree with acts of terrorism, in their minds, terrorists feel they have a good reason to do what they do. This essay will begin by defining both terrorism and political violence, then go on to discuss both political violence and terrorism in order to show that they are related as forms of violence. In my opinion,...
When a Mayflower neighborhood was overrun by oil leaking from an underground pipeline, community leaders, government officials and ExxonMobil employees responded quickly. Thanks to everyone's teamwork, damage from the spill has so far been contained. Unfortunately, the cleanup will take time, and even after it's complete the families displaced from their homes will face significant challenges. When I visited the site on Good Friday and again a few days later, it was clear that every resource...
The average American Citizen is angry, maybe even outraged about a mega mosque and Muslim culture center proposed at a spot close to ground Zero. This paper is designed to argue that freedom of religion is a core value of these United States of America. We are at war against the Al Qaeda and what we deed terrorism. As Americans we believe that the constitutional rights of freedom of religion extend to the Muslim believer, not because of their belief but because of our constitution. We believe...