The prime minister's office embodies a great concentration of power, even though most of it depends on convention rather than law. The prime minister is just one actor in a wider, interdependent core executive where policy-making takes places in 'a complex web of institutions, networks and practices surrounding the prime minister, cabinet, cabinet committees, and their official counterparts' (Rhodes in Allen and Ward, 2009:238). But the prime minister is a dominant figure, being both head of...
The political and social condition men are in, how it came to be, and how it should proceed; are all very significant questions many thinkers dealt with in the area of political theory. This usually found its way as an explanation to the foundation and ideal continuation of a commonwealth. The conditions of the foundation, that is the state of nature; the foundation, that is the contract; and finally the ideal continuation, that is the ideal form of state; differed mostly among many thinkers....
INTRODUCTION The literature on development has long recognized the importance of the third sector. Throughout the 1980s there was an evident and growing enthusiasm for the contribution of NGOs particularly for their ability to work directly with the poor and with grassroots organisations (Turner,1988; Gorman,1984). According to Carroll (1992), it was in 1985 that official development agencies arrived at the same conclusion that the advantages of NGOs, such as flexibility,...
Confidence-building measures in some form or another have been around since organised, large-scale violence began - Kanti Bajpai Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) are those steps or agreements on which states agree with mutual benefits in mind, and have faith that all concerned shall obey such agreements. These steps or agreements ultimately develop trust between the signatory states and help in achieving peace and stability in the region. [] Limiting or reducing the level of fear...
Abstract With a view to critically evaluating the extent to which international environmental law has proved to have impacted upon climate change via the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (henceforth, the Kyoto Protocol) 1997, it is necessary to first look to show an appreciation of the fact that the concept of saving the environment was introduced by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 1992. The reason for this is that, as...
This paper underlines the importance of understanding that only setting laws for regulating lobbying practices as anti-corruption measures is not enough. Making the practice as transparent as possible is the key to reach out to civil society. This paper will focus on the lobbying system in Lithuania, where despite having lobbying laws/ regulation of interest groups it has been unsuccessful in integrating the support of civil society. I argue that this is due to the lack of transparency in the...
Politics among nations is a book based on the theory of realism. Realists believe that a man is selfish and egoistic and his ultimate goal is his self interest. Hans.J Morgenthau the author of this book was born in 1904 and died in 1979. He was an American citizen. He is known as the father of political realism. This book purports to present a theory of international politics. The test by which such a theory must be judged is not a priori and abstract nut empirical and pragmatic. The theory in...
Democracy is the most favorable form of government in today's world. It's being said that we all should work hand in hand in order to make decisions on certain political matters and that can only be made possible through participation which is voting. Our right to vote is guaranteed in Canada under section 3 of Charter of Rights and freedoms [] but many people don't exercise this right. But if they had not been granted this right, they probably will feel offended and divested....
In 2010, Freedom House, the independent watchdog organization dedicated to promoting global freedom reported that 123 of the 192 recognized countries in existence practiced an established electoral democracy (up from 40 in 1972)[1]. This represents over half of the world's total population. Fundamentally then, in order to maintain a democratic government, provision must be made for every eligible individual to vote in an election to determine leadership. The structure and bias involved in...
"Democracy has been one of the greatest aspirations of Modernity and one of its greatest disappointments. The passing of centuries between the collapse of the Ancient Greek precursor and the reestablishment of democracy as a viable system makes its recent globalisation all the more remarkable. The revival of democracy was achieved in part through the victories of social movements over entrenched interests." (Esche 2001: 17) It is true that social movements were determinant for the...