Introduction This dissertation will focus on different forms of power used in international relations. Power has a very pluralistic definition, for this work I am using power from a realist paradigm perspective. Jacqui True's work in 'Theories of International Relations' examines power from Kenneth Waltz ideas. Waltz conceptualises power as means of state survival and a balance of power exists between states. A Waltzian world view identifies only power capabilities of 'Great Powers' are...
In the 21st century, 'democracy' is presented as the only and unchallengeable agenda to bring about good governance. At the same time, economic development is of significant importance in many countries. The old question of whether democracy hampers economic development or whether they can coexist is again noteworthy. On the one hand, former President of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew demonstrated the interest of development takes precedent over individual's democracy specifically in Asian value...
Controlling disarmament and arms proliferation are one of the most, is not the most, important elements of the global security architecture, therefore questions of non-proliferation and arms control are of utmost importance for Germany during its United Nations Security Council membership (new-york-un.diplo 2011). In the last ten years, Germany has been a strong supporter of the Non-proliferation Treaty and various other decisions made by the UN Security Council and relating to issues...
Neutrality is one of the oldest and best strategies for security policy, which often has been chosen specifically by small states (such as Switzerland) as evidenced by the history of the last two centuries. As Peter Calvocoressi stated in his book 'Neutrality now', neutrality is a status chosen by a state confronted by an imminent or existing war and accepted by the belligerents in that war' []  Thus, a state which declares itself permanently or generally neutral is doing no more than...
Earth's surface has endured an astonishing rate of warming over the last century, predominantly over the last two decades. Researchers have been working to figure out the mysteries behind global warming and have stumbled upon various controversies in their research. Scientists have stated and been out to prove that the impact upon which global warming exists is due to human interaction within the environment itself. While there has not been much controversy to this topic itself, controversy...
Although the concept of collective identity is a post-colonial phenomenon, a few nations would describe themselves under a collective identity before the modern times of the 19th Century. In fact, Europe is historically unique in terms that it has been the people living in the continent of Europe who have persistently described themselves as Europeans since the 17th Century (Pagden, 2002). Indeed, European Union emerged as the most important attempt for creating a supranational entity in the...
What are the most important issues facing the European Union today and why? The European Union is an integration of European states that encompasses different histories, institutions, political systems and economies. At present the EU boasts 27 member countries with a combined population of over 500 million. The creation of a single currency, the euro, has led these citizens to depend heavily on the union for the success of their respective economies. Furthermore, many others nations out with...
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations which is called in short, ASEAN, was created on 8 August1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing by the five countries including of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Then Brunei joined on 8 January 1984 whereas Viet Nam on 28 July 1995. After that, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and finally Cambodia which is known as the tenth and last member jointed on 30 April 1999. After analyzing the establishment of ASEAN;...
Ethnicity is derived from Greek word 'ethnos', which means a nation or a people. The term ethnicity may also mean a race or group of people with common racial features and common cultural uniqueness. Once consciousness of being part of an ethnic group is created, it takes on a self preservation dimension and is passed from one generation to another. Also, Max Weber [] defined an ethnic group as those human beings or groups that entertain a subjective belief in their common descent...
Economic inequalities in any country arise from overconcentrations of wealth & power. Imbalances in the distribution of power can lead to a lack of political representation in government for some groups, the creation of power elites, the loss of personal freedoms & civil liberties, & abuses of authority, of which genocide is an extreme example. Imbalances in the distribution of wealth can lead to the loss of economic opportunity & social mobility, the creation of a permanent...