Peru is a nation in the western side of the South America and its neighbors include Brazil which is on its eastern side, Colombia and Ecuador which are both on its northern side, Bolivia on its southeastern side, Chile on its south and finally the pacific ocean on its western side. It gained its independence in the year 1821 and since then has experienced a lot of political instability and financial crisis in addition to periods of some political steadiness and economic prosperity. Peru is...
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both have different opinions of what makes political power legitimate and how do you keep it in check. They also had diverse opinions of what man's rights were after they created a government and what the purpose of that government is. Follow me as we compare and contrast Hobbesian and Lockesian theory. In order to compare and contrast Locke and Hobbes we must first understand them. Locke believed that man is a societal creature by nature. In the state of nature men...
For more than Eight years, North Western Pakistan has witnessed a protracted conflict which has drawn attention from all across the world. The current conflict has its roots based in the Soviet-Afghan war (1979-88). The securitization theory offers a holistic framework for looking into issues of securitization in conflict ridden states. Whereas; the concept of human security is centered on people and seeks protection in ways that enhance human freedoms and fulfillment. This paper seeks to carry...
The idea of development has been around the world since the end of WW2. Harry Truman's famous introduction to the term 'underdeveloped' in January 1949 drew the line between the rich and the poor and he emphasized the idea that the West 'for the first time in history, humanity possesses the knowledge and skill to relieve the suffering of these people…I believe that we should make available to peace-loving peoples the benefits of our store of technical knowledge in order to help them...
From the standpoint of civil liberties, the right not to vote is a form of speech that is protected under the First Amendment (Matsler 2003, 960). This has an accompanying right not to speak as well. Remaining silent when doing so is for your best interest is a statement by itself. Likewise, the choice not to vote is a form of political statement that is enshrined under the First Amendment and needs protection. Forcing an individual to vote would be likened to the state violating that...
The aim of this paper is to explain how states pursue 'ethical foreign policy' and not just foreign policy with an ethical dimension, shifting away from the idea of 'national interest' which was the base of foreign policy in the past. On the one hand, Western governments act pursuing an ethical foreign policy aiming the projection of self-image by protecting the rights and interest abroad where they have little economic and geostrategic interest (i.e the humanitarian intervention in Kosovo...
Presidentialism is a form of constitutional rule in which a single chief executive governs using the authority derived from popular election with an independent legislature. [] The president of a country is the head of state, internally and externally. He directs the government, and unlike most prime ministers, also serves as the ceremonial head of state. [] However, the UK prime minister, despite being appointed by the Monarch has over the years usurped the role of the...
The State is losing its potency in an age of globalization, but its relevance should not be underestimated. Globalization has raised some serious questions about the capability of fiscal sovereignty, and hence, the Nation-State. Proponents of globalization regard it as the most momentous economic factor to shape the future of society due to the diminishment of borders (both visible and invisible). [] Others have taken on the view that globalization is not a new phenomenon at all in...
In this sub chapter one of the key factors of the South Caucasus's enhancing significance will be discussed. That is the region's role as both a source and transit route for energy supplies. The role of the region has been enhanced especially after the launch of Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) and South Caucasus (SCP) export pipelines, which deliever the Caspian Sea sources of Azerbaijan via Turkey to Europe. Besides, the Caspian Sea and the SC region have potential to become transit for more...
In today's post-modern world of information, science and technology, liberal thought plays a pivotal role in shaping and reshaping our understanding of markets and society with their constantly changing dynamics. Since liberal thought not only evolved as a philosophy over more than five centuries ago when it first appeared during Renaissance in the 15th century, but also helps evolve man and his connection to both market and society with the passage of time. Hence, there is a continual need to...