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The struggle for existence is the basic struggle that human race has fought over the centuries of its existence, and the fight continues, with rapidly changing paradigms and new dynamics of war, emerging on account of ever changing external environment. The social activists have long cried their heart out to make people appreciate the pertinence of the right to work and thus the basic human right to exist with dignity. MGNREGA is the flagship program of the present government that is aimed at...
The major International Financial institutions created after the second world war at the Bretton Woods conference , namely the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF and also referred to as the Fund).were created for to help improve the state of the world after the war. The World Bank was created to assist with reconstruction of countries and development project and now reduction of poverty (worldbank.org), while the IMF is tasked with the responsibility of global financial and...
Compare the three modern historical paradigms you have studied: liberal nationalism, fascism, and communism. What do they have in common and what strongly separates them? Which one seems, or which ones seem, to have the greatest relevance in today's international society? The world's history is dialectical. With the evolving of time and historical events, life in the society, structural means, and organizations systems such as political and economic caused the theoretical paradigms to emerge...
Just like the framework of computer technology developed from Von-Newman Architecture into highly sophisticated gadgets, so also the concept of security has gradually developed from the narrow concept of understanding traditional security in terms of military strategies to a broad and deep concept of security to include every aspect of threats facing human being. It has become necessary to extend the focus of security from its initial perspective of securing the borders of a state to a broad...
The political quagmire that Ivory Coast finds itself in today is not novel in Africa. Kenya and Zimbabwe found themselves in similar situations following disputed elections. In Kenya, the process leading to the 27th December 2007 election was generally peaceful. However, violence broke out when it was perceived that there was an attempt to doctor the results and when the results were announced, the violence escalated. The international community responded by prescribing mediation headed by Kofi...
The only time the atomic bomb was put into effect was during World War Two, when the US dropped atomic bombs on both Nagasaki and Hiroshima, Japan. In total, 170,000 people died due to the use of the atomic bomb. The whole purpose of the use of the atomic bomb during World War Two was to end the war, but instead, it gave birth to a new war, The Cold War. During The Cold War, both the US and Russia built up nuclear weapons in an arms race. In the years following World War Two, many argued...
Globalization, as it exists today, rests largely on the shoulders of neoliberal economics and the global entrenchment of capitalism as the dominant economic system in the world. Inspired by Realist ideological doctrine, neo-liberalism is the belief in laissez-faire economics and its early proponents were Margaret Thatcher in the United Kingdom and Ronald Reagan in the United States in the 1980s. US President Ronald Regan famously remarked "government was not the solution but the...
From a number of reasons the Middle East region is becoming increasingly important for the implementation of U.S. foreign policy strategy, therefore, Washington's policy in the Middle East is aimed at strengthening its influence in the region, primarily - by consolidating its military presence here on a permanent basis.  The main components of American policy in the countries of the region is geopolitics (security sector), geo-economics and democratization in accordance with the American...
Autonomy itself is defined as a condition of self-government. Federal and Unitary are two different states. In the former, powers are divided between the central and provincial governments. However, in the later, the powers are centralized. (kundi, 2002). Provincial Autonomy is such a system in which the government of the provinces is independent from any external influence and does not rely on any of the external forces. Complete or absolute provincial autonomy means complete sovereignty of...
There is no paradox between State sovereignty and State Building during Peace Building missions (an equivalent to a bottom-up approach); A middle-of-the-road-approach is used during Peace Building Missions in order to build up and guarantee State Sovereignty (an equivalent to a middle-of-the-road approach). As long as Humanity has lived, it has gathered in communities who, most certainly, had a leader. It is important, thus, to discuss if this efforts to build the state and its sovereignty with...