This research focuses on the Presidents actions in the war on terror which involved three presidents: Clinton, Bush, and Obama. This research deals with materials date back as early as 1993 and as new as 2011. It covers the actions and reactions of the President of the United States against the acts of terror and the cause and effects of the acts of terror. This research would also serve as an evaluation of the actions taken by the President of the United States in response to terrorism which...
Mainstream comparative research on political institutions focuses primarily on formal rules. Yet in many contexts, informal institutions, ranging from bureaucratic and legislative norms to clientelism and patrimonialism, shape even more strongly political behavior and outcomes. People who fail to consider these informal rules of the game missed many of the most important incentives and constraints that underlie political behavior. And because Philippine politics literature has focused primarily...
A considerable amount of scholarly effort has been expended in the academic documentation, study and analysis of victims' suffering during humanitarian crises. Some have focused on how such events are reported by the media and how their reports influence political debates leading to decisions on intervention to alleviate the suffering of victims affected by these unfortunate events. A popular debate that fits within the context of such a study is the argument for and against the ability of the...
Mexico is located between the southern United States and Central America. Mexico shares its northern border with Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. It shares its southern border with Central America, including Guatemala and Belize. Mexico was home to the highly civilized Mayans and Aztec until the invasion of Spaniards in the early 1500s. Mexico declared independence on September 16, 1810 and established their government. Mexico has developed a free market economy and has a large...
Neo-realist theory comes to the front of politics debates before the beginning of Second Cold War, as a reaction to the new challenges of globalisation, as a resurrection of state's role over the system and to restate the significance of bipolarity and systemic constraints in international politics (Burchill 2009: 87). To begin with, we should consider the neo-realist main theoretical arguments to form a clear view about the continuity of the theory until the present. Waltz was the first who...
The U.S. Constitution was the culmination of a process that had begun nearly two hundred years before when European settlers landed on the shores of North America. The roots of the Constitution go back many centuries more. The group of people who framed the Constitution were unique people in a unique situation, but with a wide variety of influences and knowledge to call upon. On September 17, 1787, the fifty-five delegates to the convention signed the Constitution. After presentation to the...
This essay will examine the role of the state in contemporary society by analysing what the purpose of the state is; this is a difficult concept because there are so many views on this subject. This essay will argue that the state is pluralist by firstly analysing what pluralism is and how it functions in contemporary society. Using specific examples of multiculturalism and general elections I will show that pluralism plays a major role in contemporary society. I will use elitism as a counter...
Voting back in the 1800s was limited to white men. In the late 1900s voting rights slowly began to garner attention and people started to protest. African Americans and women protested for their right to vote and eventually won the right. Now in 21st century, voting doesn't seem that important to us anymore. Citizens are not voting as voting turnouts are decreasing in local elections. If only a select amount of citizens vote, the question becomes: Can democracy be sustained? Should something be...
This essay was composed of US' foreign and security policy,relationship between national identity and American nationalism,its ideology and the effect of patriotism. As a first, Cold war mostly represented by American victory and that is related with American identity. As Roger Johnson said, victory helped the development of American national identity by shared historical ideals of them. [] Especially on the wartime period, victory was seen a element that hold people together.And...
Introduction         It has been more than a decade since South Africa's transition from apartheid, a system of institutionalized racism that denied political, social, and economic rights to non-white Africans, to multiracial liberal democracy. The free democratic election of 1994 which installed Nelson Mandela as the first black president was a great moment of jubilation, unity, and hope for the country. However, I argue that although new democratic...