Episodes of history, situations in the present and probably events in the future reveal and converge with religion; cultural distinctiveness and probably an endless list of facts have determined decisions and policies that have played a crucial role in world affairs. Muslim people have been stereotyped; their actions have been measured according to Western criteria and their customs seen through western eyes. I have chosen France as one of the European Union (EU) countries with the largest...
Today the 'dragon' is wide awake and to some extent has shook United States and the global order set by it. China and United States are stranded at a point where both are locked in a long term competition for attaining primacy in the global order. To put it in the words of Ronald Tammen and Jacek Kugler from 'Power Transition and China-US Conflicts', "China, today the smaller challenger, is growing at a much faster rate than the mature economic engine of the United States." China is...
Brazil, officially named the Federative Republic of Brazil, is South America's largest country and also has the largest population in Latin America. With an estimated population of 190 million people, Brazil ranks fifth in the world. The south-central region of Brazil, which includes the popular and industrial cities of Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte; holds the bulk of the country's population. The country has also seen tremendous urban growth with a vast majority of people...
This essay will attempt to answer the question enclosed in the title of this paper. In order to complete this analysis, it is necessary to examine the history and the evolution of concept - sovereignty. Hence I will firstly define notion of "sovereignty" and its origins. In the latter part I will present how sovereignty has changed over period of time, particularly after the Cold War. In the final part I will provide conclusion summoning if the change of sovereignty nature has been...
The character of post-colonial African states can be described as reflections of problems bothering on national political culture, unstable polity, crises of leadership and, economic stagnation. These ills bedeviling African states can be traced to the historical process of colonialism and its other Siamese twin- Imperialism and Globalization. An in-depth analysis of this process will provide the clue to the reasons why African states have failed to achieve economic development and political...
This book is a good synthesis and critique on the theory of development after Second World War. It takes historical perspective on analyzing development theory and its practice and tries to find the context-specific result of those development theories and policies in the third world. In doing so, Rapley has tried to be unaffected by any ideological orthodoxy but his left-alignment is clearly visible. John Rapley, who is a political scientist involved in the Department of Government, University...
In the process of state transformation, such as the appearance of new political spaces beyond the territorial nation-state, 'relocation of politics' from the state to international and sub-national organizations, diffusion of political power from public authorities to semi-public and private actors, and de-legitimization of the state (crisis of the welfare state, state failures, lack of performance), the old 'paradigm' of top-down, state-led, command & control ways of steering the states...
United States of America is, can be labeled as, the most popular state in the world. Almost everybody in the world admires the place and would love to be there just for the sake of its beauty and richness. Having marked as the third or fourth largest country by total area, and the third largest both by land area and population, United States is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, and the product of large-scale immigration from any other countries (Adams &...
The fatalist position deems insecurity an insurmountable obstacle: a tragic inevitability that predetermines the nature of relations between states and binds them in unavoidable predicaments. From a perspective sculpted by structural realism, this essay will examine the actions of German leaders in 1914 and 1939 with regard to their primordial search for security. These situations epitomise the uncertainty, most pivotally the future uncertainty, that permeates the international system and...
Multiculturalism is a leftist political ideology that sees all cultures, their mores and institutions, as essentially equal. No culture is considered superior or inferior to any other; it is merely different. Criticism of other cultures, especially non-Western/minority cultures, is labelled "insensitive" or "bigoted." There is one major exception, however. The Euro-American culture with its Judeo-Christian underpinnings is not only criticised but often condemned, being...