The general perception about globalization is that it is contemporary and western phenomena, which has ignited with the high pace of the industrial revolution in the world over. "Globalization" first coined by the media during the nineties and aftermath used by academicians (Jürgen Hoffmann 2001). However, the literature and scholars claim that this is not an original phenomenon, but it already exists in the history. Dr. Amartya Sen has claimed that over the thousand years,...
There are a number of groups interested in the States economy. Some of them influence the way business is controlled in a given country. These include the Interest groups and the government. These groups do influence even how the government guides businesses and spreads out its policies. Interest groups are social groups whose members have power over a given area of activity and they are united by the common aims they have. Together with the governments, they make policies for the business...
The invasion of Afghanistan started on October 7, 2001 but Canada did not play a major role in the first few months. Canada sent her first troops in Afghanistan in January- February 2002. It played a significant role from 2006 when its troops were redeployed in the Kandahar province. Currently there are around 2500-2830 Canadian troops deployed in Afghanistan. These troops are part of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). This was a force that was formed with an aim of eliminating...
The role of corporations in societies has remarkably evolved throughout recent years and is now more important than ever before. Held and McGrew (2004) point out that particular developments in the last thirty years have led to particular changes in international society. In particular, globalisation has meant that while corporations were previously exclusively based in one region, they now transcend not only regions but also countries and operate on a global, multi-national level (Held and...
The Impact of the curfew. Curfews have been imposed in Bawku several times to help contain the violence. In 1983, 1984, 1985, 2001, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 and up to the time this study was conducted, as a result of violence, various curfew times were imposed in the area with some extending to the entire traditional area. For instance, in 2001 and 2007, several parts of the traditional area including Zebilla and Garu were under curfew. Some of the curfews were very harsh such as the one in...
Throughout history, the structure of the international system has had two constants: first, a unique political 'organizing principle' by which states are arranged, namely, the absence of an effective authority to which states can appeal for protection; and, second, a similar 'character' of states, namely, their tendency, as a result of their finding themselves in the same context of anarchy, seek to fulfil similar functions such as defence, intelligence and representation of interests towards...
In this paper I will explore how the present day structuring and functioning of international institutions, market forces and transnational actors has led to the downfall of democratic values. The democratic theory seems to be obsolete in the present age of competition and how the principles of participation, deliberation can and accountability can be revived. The growth of governance beyond the nation state is one of the most distinct developments of the past century. Traditionally, the...
The mass media and an active civil society are two important ingredients in a strong and healthy democracy. The aim of this paper is to analyse how media and civil society are the ways to enhance democratic governance. Without free media and an active civil society, there is space for enormous and unchecked political power leading to corruption and anti-democratic behaviour by government officials. In a consolidated democracy, both the media and civil society need one another. There cannot...
Opaque and shrouded in secrecy, China's political system and decision-making processes are mysteries to many Westerners. At one level, China is a one-party state that has been ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) since 1949. But rather than being rigidly hierarchical and authoritarian, which is often the assumption, political power in China now is diffuse, complex, and at times highly competitive. Despite its grip on power, the Party and its senior leaders (the Politburo and its Standing...
Lack of sufficient focus from the intellectual community and students with regard to corporate reservations qualifies the argument for building a public opinion that helps the corporate world to respond in the required fashion. This has become inevitable ever since the Industry and Commerce Minister Mr. Kamal Nath opened the debate with his proclamation, "be voluntary or face a legislation' in terms of exhibiting their social commitment. As such, it amounts to a kind of challenge to the...