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WHY DID THE TREATY OF MAASTRICHT MARK “A BIG STEP” IN CREATING A POLITICAL UNION? “Europe will not be made at once” In his declaration of 1950, Robert Schuman -strong supporter of European unity- turned out to be right about the rhythm of European integration (Nugent, 2006:36). Indeed the real turning point within the European community came 42 years later with the signing, in 1992, of the Treaty of the European Union (TEU), also known as the Treaty of Maastricht...
The 2003 Iraqi war was a direct result of the believed incompletion of the original gulf war of 1991 as well as the fear of Terrorism in the US. In 1990 Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein marched Iraqi troops into Kuwait for means of control by the excuse of reclaiming lost territory. Kuwait is an extremely wealthy country, especially when it comes to oil. Prior to the invasion Hussein demanded that Kuwait slow its production rate and he insisted on setting a national average, but Kuwait was producing...
On Monday, March 29 2010, two female suicide bombers carried out attacks on Moscow's subway system, reigniting in the process fears of terrorism at Russia's very doorstep. The blasts served as reminders to the Russian people that despite the relative peace that its centralized citizens had been enjoying in the nation's capital, the cries of a secessionist minority group of its population would be heard, even if forcefully so. Initial suspicions of Chechen rebels being behind the terrorist acts...
The U.S. presidential election system is a creation of the constitutional convention in Philadelphia 1787.this system is a part of the Great compromise between the small and large states of free settlers, reached at the convention by founding fathers. Articles 5 of the constitution, adopted at the convention, determine how to change the constitution by means of constitutional amendments. Twenty seven amendments have been ratified since 1787, and some of the amendments have substantially...
When African countries gained their independence from their colonial masters, there was a sigh of relief that there would be no marginalisation of communities. In his speech at the Organisation of African Union, Kwame Nkrumah stated that independence was a gateway to political, social and economic development of Africa. But after independence we see how hard it is for the post colonial governments to respect the rights of their people. It is no wonder many communities are agitating for the...
Since its economic integration in 1997 as ASEAN membership, Cambodia has achieved significant progress in some areas in national reconstruction and development. The development could have been made depending on some real changes and reforms along with both internal and external pressures. The pressures have brought change and reform for Cambodia toward integration into the region and the world. Cambodian government needs to act adjustments and substantive changes in means, especially the...
Organisation Global GovernanceIntroduction and organisation of work Contemporary international politics have rendered irrelevant the Westphalian order which bestowed sovereign states ultimate authority within a defined territory. This began shortly after the end of the Cold War in 1989. The end of the war gave the hegemonic power; the United States the chance to reform the world along its capitalist ideology. Coincidentally, the animosities suppressed for decades by the Cold War alliances were...
At first, it is necessary to identify the important issues that are going to be developed, I rather to start with the international relations which is "the study of human interactions through national borders and the factors that affect those interactions". This definition briefly gives a globalized approach that makes people understand that nations are not the unique actor involve in the developed of the international relations but now there are many other institutions that actually...
What is science? Science being such an extensive topic, can science actually be defined? In Websters New Collegiate Dictionary science is defined as, "knowledge attained through study or practice, or "knowledge covering general truths of operation of general law, especially if obtained and tested through scientific method and concerned with the physical world." Simply put science may be described as a systematic field of study and/or the knowledge that is obtained from such...
Indigenous persons as a broad definition are native people to the land. Indigenous people is a very simple term that does not encompass the various characteristics of differing native persons in an area. Many scholars have conflicting definitions of what it means to be an indigenous person, making it difficult to secure rights in the environment for these people. Some may define "indigenous people" -as ones' culture, language, spiritual beliefs, values and historical background being...