Most of African countries are underdeveloped, and according to theories of modernization factors such as population, traditional agrarian structure, and illiteracy, low division of labor, poor infrastructure and communication. For development to take place there has to be change in these factors for example the rate of population growth has to change, infrastructure has to be improved and so on. Countries in the world are ranked in terms of development from the most to the least developed and...
In the book "The rise and fall of Italian terrorism", (Leonard & Lee,1987) has described Italian political terrorism as; the terrorist operations committed in Italy by Italian groups against purely Italian targets. The history of political terrorism in Italy is deemed by some scholars to be as long as that of the country's experience as a unified nation state. Political violence in as a phenomenon has been a common feature of Italian public life since the achievement of national...
For the last ten years we are fighting against extremists but it seems that extremists might belong to the race of "Yajooj and 'Majooj. After every successful military operation against extremists we wait for their surrender but they come out with more potential to destroy our institutes and people. Unfortunately, in Pakistan Media is almost no more their sympathizer. General public even if not against Taliban but are still in suspense about their reality. Limited to their own spheres of...
Premise:    I think that the president of America should have an accumulation of power. It is a beneficial aspect since the president is the one who should be responsible for the shape the United States will take during the four years of his term. Accumulation of power is simply derived from the powers that the constitution gives to the presidents. It helps them a long way in make decisions. In my point of view I think that there should be a limit to the powers given to the president because...
As former Kingdom of Empire, Britain was one of the most powerful nations in the world. But since it lost the last colonies in the late 1960's, the United Kingdom tries to define a new role in international relations. Due to its self-proclaimed special relationship with the United States on one hand and the European Union membership on the other hand, Britain stays between two different policies. To find its future role in international relations Britain should decide for one side. Through...
The main idea behind human security is to provide peace and security for the citizens both with nation-state and to ensure their protection against threats from the outside. A key source of military battle that gives focus for the Western world's insight of the risk to human security was detached when the Cold War came to an finish. In fact, as early as the 1970s, the United States extended its explanation of national security to take in global economics, when it became 'obvious that the US...
The trend towards South Asian togetherness and divisiveness across South Asia's borders has coexisted for over two decades. The success of regional integration experiments elsewhere, particularly in Europe and in South East Asia, prompted thinking along these lines in South Asia too. This led to the formation of SAARC in the mid-1980s. However, the absence of concerted attempts at regional co-operation, leave alone integration, has been held hostage to various factors, such as the nationalism...
The main element that unites these countries is the nature of their involvement with people and nations beyond the region. The gulf has been an important waterway since ancient times, bringing the people who live on its shores into early contact with other civilizations. In the ancient world, the gulf peoples established trade connections with India; in the Middle Ages, they went as far as China; and in the modern era, they became involved with the European powers that sailed into the Indian...
The role of the State has expanded steadily in quantity, quality and relative significance over the last century, becoming over time, a more concretized model in democratic governance. Such tremendous growth has taken place as a consequence of the growth of administrative powers and functions which have taken place with the evolution in the perception of the role of the State. The State on the one hand has acquired vast powers to provide for the defense and internal security of the country due...
The concept of accountability is caught in a definitional tension - is it a process or an outcome? Logically it involves both - as does the concept of democracy. The two concepts do not refer to the same processes and outcomes, however. Some analysts incorporate accountability into the very definition of political democracy. Such definitions implicitly suggest that democratic processes inherently generate accountable outcomes. There are both empirical and conceptual problems with conflating...