It is about time that someone started talking about the 'finalité politique' of European integration. As Joschka Fischer put it, the European Union (EU) faces the 'parallel task' of, on the one hand, enlargement towards up to 30 members over the next decades, given the invitation to the Balkan countries and to Turkey issued at the Helsinki European Council while, on the other hand and by sheer necessity, the EU will have to undergo deep institutional changes, i.e., move further towards...
In discussing Indonesias defence and foreign policy, we have to look at its geopolitical and geostrategic compulsions in the region. Being the world largest archipelago with the biggest Muslim population, Indonesia is trying it best to play a leadership role and at the same time struggling to maintain order mainly from internal as well as external security threats. In this case, Indonesia is trying it best to maintain its national interest justified as national security - territorial...
In a growing free-market economy, where does American government draw the line between; who is needy enough, who is rich enough, who falls in between; and how much coverage a client should receive from their insurance companies? It is a difficult task to legislate these decisions into government policy. However, it is the international human right to have access to health care, as stated in the North America Free Trade Agreement; that was signed by Canada, the United States, and Mexico. There...
Growing interdependence in East Asia has called for strengthening cooperation between Northeast Asia and Southeast Asia. Since its inception 1997, the ASEAN+3 process has taken up various measures to expand and deepen cooperation between the two regions. The recent financial crisis in East Asia has provided an impetus for structuring cooperation between the two regions, spurring the recognition that East Asia needs to institutionalize its cooperation. International commentators have taken...
Can you imagine going to the doctor and leaving with out owing him any money? Can you envision a time when you had no healthcare insurance, yet didn't have to worry about something major happening to you and how you would pay for it? Free healthcare for everyone is not a statement Americans have ever heard. In the movie Sicko Michael Moore takes a look at what is wrong with our healthcare system. He also takes a look at how some other countries that have been said to have some of the best...
This chapter seeks to present the challenges and constraints faced by the decentralization process in Sierra Leone. It went further to show how these challenges really posed a threat to the effective implementation of the process if not tackle now. Despite the constitution of Sierra Leone and the local government act 2004 clearly spelt out the powers and functions of the local government and more recently the decentralization policy 2010, it still continue to appear that the councils are...
Discuss how India is an idea held together and sustained by political will that gets challenged every now and then. Illustrate through your learning's about counter nationalism. India a five letter word which probably means nothing more to an average Indian than an umbrella term used to symbolize a geographical space and probably the ideal example of a diverse nation. Today India has become the "buzz" word for spirituality, alternative health, a medical haven and maintaining its roots...
Under the treaty, there are three mechanisms that permit countries and companies to purchase, produce or trade emission credits. These emission credits are calculated from the country's reduction objective. The three mechanisms are International Emissions Trading (IET) which permits parties to buy greenhouse gases emission credits from other countries to assist them in meeting their emission reduction objective. Joint Implementation (JI) - which is industrialized country can invest in any...
It is a common view in the field of International relations (IR) that realism, or realists to be exact (regardless of their sub-classes or variants) are seen as war mongers. They are accused of having the love of using military power and acquiring power rendering them insatiable warmongers. It is true that realists from Thucydides to Mersheimer have studied and written on conflict and war, but there is a big difference between discussing or exploring war, and going to war. In order to...
There are several existing definitions of public policy. One such definition comes from Thomas Dye defines public policy as, "Anything a government decides to do or not do." This highlights the fact that public policy is a conscious choice of government but can yield unconscious results. However, Dye's definition is vague and broad. Jenkins attempts to specify the definition as, "A set of interrelated decisions taken by a political actor or group of actors concerning the...