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Sovereignty refers to a states right to exert control over affairs within its geographical borders. According to Krasner, this attribute has three constituents, of which domestic, international and Westphalian sovereignty are key (2004). The first aspect points to the capacity of a state's internal structures towards exercising authority within; the other two aspects refer to the legal recognition of a state as a territorial authority by other states and the right for a state to apply...
The Presidential election of 1972 had two strong candidates; the first was President Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 - April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States (1969-1974) and the only president to resign the office of the Presidency. Nixon was the 36th Vice President of the United States (1953-1961). Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California. He completed undergraduate work at Whittier College; he also graduated from Duke University School of Law in...
The principle of American federalism, created in the eighteenth century, was bold and has greatly affected U.S. history. Its influence continues today. During the late 1780s the debates over ratification of the Constitution by Federalists and Anti-Federalists shaped controversies concerning the rights and powers of states in relation to the federal government. The Framers of the Constitution created a federal system with a national government strong enough to unify the states in their pursuit...
In the globalised world today, avenues that opened up for organizations to operate in cross-border operation is more than ever before. With globalization and its impact, plus the emphasis that corporation re nurturing in facilitating international business also verily can be interpreted in one sense of the term to composed what we can called as 'organizational behavior across cultures' When observing the current economic scenarios as well, we can see reason enough that the idea of...
The water security has become very important for the world, and many nations try to get control over the water because of the lack of this resource. Water is a main source that makes one country develop well because it supports for agriculture, industry as well as urban development. Due to the importance of the water resource, the conflict between states has increased more and more. Generally, the basis of the conflict is coming from the upstream states that have the ability to control over...
Liberty is a fundamental idea within American society as it is deeply embedded in the nation's history. The Declaration of Independence from 1776 marked liberty as being one of mankind's inalienable rights and the Constitution from 1787 secured liberty's blessings. By the 1790s, two political parties claimed to promote the language of liberty, namely the Federalists and the Republicans. However, each accused its opponent of destroying it through corruption, the most important threat to liberty....
RUCHI (Rural Centre for Human Interests) began its work as a non-profit, voluntary organization in October 1980 from the foothills of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Before it was registered as a Society in 1983, RUCHI worked from the isolated village of Chopal in the Shimla District. The area was chosen because of its remote location. It was underdeveloped and had no intervention by any NGO sector government. During its initial stage RUCHI worked with limited staff capacities that were low on...
When you are explaining realism there needs to be three key determining factors. First, the states system must be anarchic. Anarchy itself defines the behavior of the state. Sovereign states are autonomous and have no global government to patrol them. Second, that the anarchical system motivates states to put security as their primary interest. Third, the only actors involved are states. Because of these conditions, each state will always act in its own interests. Liberalism, in contrast, also...
What is Globalization? Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world. []  The economists, Joseph Stiglitz always talked about...
Since the industrial revolution in Europe, energy requirements have growth at a steady rate. In addition, not only industry but the modern way of life also increases this demand. The European Union consumes more and more energy every year, therefore the balance of energy is crucial for European security. Energy production within the EU is deficient and as a result external energy dependency is constantly increasing. Oil prices have tripled since March 1999. Consequently, recovery of the...