Liberalism in the twenty-first century is seen as a word for an unlimited laxity for the individual in society. That way most of people understand the word "liberalism" and the exercise of the freedom that lies behind it. John Stuart Mill, one of the main theorists of liberalism, he argued that the individualism and freedom of the individual (human) is the fullest expression of a need and ability to make choices. This is the individualistic ideology. Liberals appreciate the otherness...
Up to date, there is still confusion on the clear understanding of law, democracy, government policy, and human rights and freedoms. When studying the concepts of law and democracy, we can not avoid looking at the rule of law. The rule of law can be defined as a situation where the state involves its citizens in the process of making laws. It also requires that the legislative arm of government be separated from the executive and the judiciary i.e. the principle of separation of powers. Lastly...
Will Kymlicka in his book Multicultural Odyssey looks at historical and current practice of multiculturalism. Currently we are witnessing a global circulation of multiculturalism. This is occurring both as a political conversation and a set of international officially permitted norms. Countries today are increasingly coming under international examination as regards their treatment of ethno-cultural groups. That aside countries are expected to adhere to growing international standards as...
Since the dawn of mankind, there have been conflicts. As years progressed, these conflicts not only became more violent and frequent, but more devastating and relentless. From the blade of the sword, blood was spilt for centuries, poisoning our minds and creating an uncontrollable desire for violence that has sent us down a collision course with war and conquest. As technology progresses, war becomes even more devastating with weapons such as guns, chemicals, and bombs. One example of this is...
Speculations about president Mubarak's health increased lately specially after repeatedly postponing his meeting with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian president mahmoud abbas and alarming reports about president's sudden health degradation . the Washington Times issued a report included a western intelligence sources saying they alleged he was suffering from terminal cancer of the stomach and pancreas and speculated his death within one year , while Lebanon's...
The rebels indulge in killings of security force personnel, political leaders and civilians who they brand as police informers. In short, anyone who 'they' consider as 'their enemy' is eliminated. This is a crucial element in their strategy as is common with all non-state violent actors in India and across the world. They undertake abductions for ransom or for securing freedom for their jailed colleagues, and 'interfere' in democratic processes. Further, they behave like modern day Robin Hoods...
In 206 v.Chr. kwamen de Romeinen in Spanje. Het Romeinse Rijk heeft in die tijd voor grote welvaartsgroei gezorgd, er kon gezegd worden dat de romanisering bijna volledig voltooid was. Romanisering betekent dat onderworpen volkeren de Romeinse cultuur, gewoonten en taal overnamen. Veel volkeren namen de cultuur, gewoonten en taal uiteindelijk over, echter enkele volkeren bleven weerstand bieden, waaronder de Basken. Zij hebben nooit de Romeinse cultuur overgenomen, zij spreken nog steeds het...
Climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity, and overall ecosystem degradation are some of the pressing environmental issues; only to name a few, that present themselves daily as challenges to this nation. Often these issues are wrapped up in policy disputes based on pluralistic perceptions of value. These differing valuations stem from an incoherent understanding of ethics as it relates to the environment. Our belief systems, however diverse, drive our understanding of our surroundings,...
The topics "globalization," and the general topic "Native Peoples" or "Indigenous Peoples" (we use these two terms interchangeably) are notoriously complex and controversial. Thus, exploring the nexus between them is even more complex. Our approach here will have several foci: what some of the controversies are; how those relate to definitional and conceptual issues; our positions on these issues and why we hold them. Our goal is not to have 'the' or 'a'...
American interests in Pakistan encompass a variety of concerns. It is a country dominated by internal political turmoil and border disputes with neighboring India ("Economic Data"). The lack of clear succession lines within the government make these disputes especially worrisome, as do Pakistan's nuclear capabilities. The United States is surely mindful of Pakistan's involvement in the war on terror. Government officials must take all of these issues into consideration, but the...