Democracy is the most favorable form of government in today's world. It's being said that we all should work hand in hand in order to make decisions on certain political matters and that can only be made possible through participation which is voting. Our right to vote is guaranteed in Canada under section 3 of Charter of Rights and freedoms [] but many people don't exercise this right. But if they had not been granted this right, they probably will feel offended and divested....
In 2010, Freedom House, the independent watchdog organization dedicated to promoting global freedom reported that 123 of the 192 recognized countries in existence practiced an established electoral democracy (up from 40 in 1972)[1]. This represents over half of the world's total population. Fundamentally then, in order to maintain a democratic government, provision must be made for every eligible individual to vote in an election to determine leadership. The structure and bias involved in...
"Democracy has been one of the greatest aspirations of Modernity and one of its greatest disappointments. The passing of centuries between the collapse of the Ancient Greek precursor and the reestablishment of democracy as a viable system makes its recent globalisation all the more remarkable. The revival of democracy was achieved in part through the victories of social movements over entrenched interests." (Esche 2001: 17) It is true that social movements were determinant for the...
NATO'S policy on training the Afghan soldiers can actually be narrowed down to the role NATO plays in supporting the growth of the ANSF through the NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan. The Mission of the NTM-A is to generate the Afghan National Security Forces, and to develop capable ministerial systems and institutions. The NTM-A role includes overall training the all elements of the Afghan security forces. As well as that NTM-A overall aim is to help build the sustainable capacity and...
In the book of Joseph S. Nye, "The Paradox of American Power: Why the World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone, he shows a complete analysis of the elements contained in formulating consistent foreign policy in the post Cold War world. Nye obtains a relaistic thery for analyzing the countless forces at play. The forces which are effective on the foreign policy areas. . This permission to relevant groups, parties to talk at the same language. So, Nye everytime frames the matters for...
Postcolonialism is primarily concerned with the south, the subaltern and its past because as Abrahamsen argues, "Any understanding of contemporary IR requires a careful account of the multiple and diverse power relationships that link the North and the South, both in the colonial past and the postcolonial present." (Abrahamsen, 2007) Postcolonialism finds its origins in work done with a view to give a voice to the history of the south and the subaltern that was not heard as it was...
Security perspective after Cold War has changed tremendously. Not only that state has to deal with external military aggression, it also has to go through overwhelming challenges of non-traditional security issues. Among the issues are terrorism, ethnic conflict, sea piracy, smuggling of illegal weapon and drug trafficking [] . In this case, Indonesia is not an exceptional. Although Indonesia has been cautious to any action taken by any states within its geostrategic area since...
There is the widespread believe that Europe would become much more powerful if it is able to speak with one voice in international institutions. This believe has been proven by cases in which Europe did speak with one voice such as in the WTO, in which the 27 EU member state countries are all represented as the European Community. Consequently, if Europe is also able to speak with one voice in institutions like the International Monetary Fund, for example, is it able to have more votes than the...
Being landlocked places a country in a unique, but unenviable position. Without access to the sea, a country like Bolivia or Serbia must rely on positive relations with the states that stand between them and the ocean. This is because trade conducted by sea is the mostly widely used and most cost effective way to import and export goods on the global market (Shipping). This paper will focus on how Bolivia interacts with Chile and how Serbia interacts with Bosnia. At the start of research it...
Anthony Anghie is a Professor of International Law at the University of Utah. Professor Anghie received a B.A. and an LL.B. from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. He earned an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School. I will be reviewing his book 'Imperialism, Sovereignty, and the Making of International Law'. This book deals with international law concepts but mainly deals with sovereignty. It employs very broad definitions of this concept which arguably test the limits of current disciplinary...