Out of the countless political, economic, and social events that characterized the decades following World War II, certain events had a most lasting and influential consequence on American politics, attitudes, and dispositions, both in terms of the government and the people. Events including the Eisenhower Doctrine, Cuban Missile Crisis, Watergate, Irangate, and Clinton's efforts at health care reform all contributed to a growing climate of distrust toward government, questionable use of...
It's obvious that, Espring-Andersen's 'The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism' has been one of the most influential books during the late-twenty - early-twenty-first centuries. Since the publication of the above mentioned book in 1990, much comparative literature on the welfare states has centered on the notion of welfare state regimes. This section starts with briefly introducing Espring-Andersen's three types of welfare regimes. Then it goes with the modifications and editions. And it finally...
Nearly 10 years have passed since the U.S. experienced terrorist attacks horrified 11/09/2001. On its pages, each with all events related to September 11th, people often choose images WTC buildings engulfed in flames. It recalled the feeling creepy, angry or frightened, when the line between peace and war for a moment be taken away. Since then, both the U.S. and the world has changed. The day claimed the lives of at least 2986 people. The cause of terrorism is explained as due to religious...
Corruption has existed ever since antiquity as one of the worst and, at the same time, most widespread forms of behaviour. It is a complex social, political and economic phenomenon that affects all countries at various levels. Corruption undermines democratic institutions, slows economic development and contributes to governmental instability. [] It attacks the foundation of democratic institutions by distorting electoral processes, perverting the rule of law and creating bureaucratic...
Realism is not an approach that can be defined explicitly by a set of propositions and assumptions. Rather it is a theory with a general orientation and a philosophical disposition. According to Gilpin (1986 p. 304), realism can be defined as a 'set of normative emphases that shape theory'. Ferguson and Mansbuch (1987, p. 79) on the other hand define realism as 'an attitude of mind' that is comprised of 'distinctive and recognizable flavor.' In addition to this, Garnet (1984, p.110), perceives...
Introduction Conflicts, Peace and the UN! These three topics have many things in common. I found these topics really interesting because in today's day, the world is facing many problems; wars are occurring, murders are happening; crime is increasing, etc. Many of these are causing a lot of problems in today's day. In some places, people are even afraid to walk out of their houses due to fear of criminals. The United Nation's Organization, or UNO; fulfills a very noble responsibility. It...
Data show how more than 60% of the PECs formed at election t-1 are repeated in the current election. This suggests two questions. Does history of past cooperation matter in PEC formation? Is the process that brings parties to form a PEC in the current election the same whether they have already cooperated in the previous one or not? Using a dynamic random-effect probit model with transition probabilities, I have found that two parties that formed a PEC in the previous election are 32.73% more...
In this essay, I plan to evaluate a number of European political leaders' arguments that multiculturalism has failed in the light of contemporary studies of multicultural citizenship by Tariq Modood. European politicians, including David Cameron, have for some years argued against multiculturalism. European critics of the concept say the failure to integrate immigrants have resulted in generations of people who do not speak the local language well, lack basic skills and have become a drag on...
The seventeenth century was marked by a significant boost in political thought. Indeed, one may see that major political concepts were developed by philosophers in that time. The scholars in political science developed ideas, which were expressed by the authors in Ancient Greece and Rome, and turned such ideas into theories in their classic understanding. In this paper, I will look at the most famous political philosophers during that time such as Jean Bonin, Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes and...
The term "secularism" has its origin in Europe. This term was first used during the end of the Thirty years war (Europe) in the year 1648.During that period secularism merely meant transfer of church properties to the king or the state. "Secularism" played a major role in the French revolution and later this term formulated by George Holyoake from England to refer to the various rationalist movements under him in the year1851. Through this term he analysed his views of...