In the last of couple hundred years, man has given himself the right to execute a criminal for various crimes, 15269 people got executed between 1608 and 1941 in the United States alone! Many centuries ago, the execution of a convict was sometimes very savage. There were long periods of time where the criminal would be in very intense pain for a long period before finally dying of a horrible death. Today, the modern society has much more evolved since these days. But still, is it reasonable to...
The political economy is a discipline which displays a correlation between political science and economics in its basic terms. It can be either using economy as a method of research in political science or analyzing political processes to understand economic decisions made by political authority. In this week's articles, we witness that the authors analyze the causes of conflict in the context of political economy in their studies. They not only use methods of economy to explain politics but...
The Political Aspects of Singapore and Malaysia1. National politics of Singapore1.1 Political system Singapore was established as a British trading center in 1819 and became a British colony. In 1959 it obtained home rule, in 1963 it entered the Malaysian Federation and in 1965 - after a conflict between the Singapore prime minister and the federal government in Kuala Lumpur - it obtained full independency. The Singapore legislature consists of the president as head of the state and the ruling...
As one enters Root Hall, at the United States Army War College, there is a quote on the wall, which states "Not to promote war, but to preserve peace by intelligent and adequate preparation to repel aggression. . . ." [] Secretary of War Elihu Root made this statement over 100 years ago, as he laid the cornerstone for the War College building at Washington Barracks on 21 February 1903. [] This statement continues to challenge strategists, soldiers, policymakers,...
There is a general and growing concern about Terrorism and the fear it is spreading all over the world. Fighting it is one of nowadays' main priorities and the most effective ways of doing it are being discussed by scholars, governments and people in general. The concept of terrorism has evolved throughout the years and no consensual definition has been reached. There are however certain features that clearly characterizes these unexpected and, many times, devastating events. Yet also the way...
When writing A Theory of Justice, John Rawlss project was to provide the basic principles on which to build a just society. Politically, his principles are a moral justification of liberal democracy. But surprisingly, he does not specify which socio-economic system is more likely to meet the requirements of his principles : "The choice between a private-property owning economy and socialism is left open", and this choice is "best left to the course of events to decide"...
When a human rights group working with refugees along the Sudan-Chad border gave children the opportunity to share their experiences of war in Darfur through drawings, one among them, sketched a chaotic image of armed men on camels and horses accompanied by military helicopters wreaking havoc on his community. The harrowing anecdote that accompanies this drawing recounts the experiences of hundreds of thousands who have been affected by the conflict in Darfur. Many of their stories coincide:...
The arms control approach emerged in the late 1950s; it was a technique deigned to increase the stability of strategic balance of power between NATO and WTO. The clearest definition of what arms control is was that of Schelling and Halperin: "We mean to include all the forms of military co-operation between potential enemies in the interest of reducing the likelihood of war, its scope and violence if it occurs and the political and economic cost of being prepared for it." (Schellig...
The history of Guantanamo Bay in Cuba, one of United States Naval Stations, dates back to as early as 1903 when the then government, "leased the 45-square mile site as a coaling stations in the wake of the Spanish-American War" (Yasui, 2011). The base had since then been relegated to insignificance until the aftermath of the terrorist attacks that not only rocked America but also caused panic around the world. The September 11, 2001 attacks prompted a fierce war on terror, with...
It is a lecture by Edward said's, held in the University of Massachusetts, it is about clash of civilization and how people think about it. He is mainly responding back to what Samuel Huntington's and Bernard Lewis said about the clash of civilization. Edward had his MA in 1960 and a doctorate from Harvard University in 1964. The most important work of him was the Orientalism, which was a part of postcolonial studies. In this video, Said argues that Lewis and Huntington's had the wrong idea and...