After the devastation that the civil war brought, the legislative and the executive power began a struggle over how to reconstruct the Union. Congress and President Andrew Johnson had very different ideas of what should be implemented in the nation. Each one of them believed that they had the right and duty to make reconstruction plans. What was the constitutional basis for Andrew Johnson to claim the right to direct the reconstruction policies? I belive that President Andrew Johnson found the...
The Institute of Democratic governance (IDEG) in Ghana while observing the 2008 elections presented a simplified version of the manifestoes from the four political parties that were vying for seats in the parliament. This was in a bid to enlighten the populace to make informed decisions as electorates. The participation of the civil society, non- governmental institutions and organizations facilitated the achievement of informed, free and fair elections. Ghana in its course did not put into...
Canada's decision to 'leave' the Kyoto Protocol in 2011 resulted in countless debates and controversy in Climate Change discussions. This paper therefore aimed to provide answers to the ethical question whether Canada decision to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol was a move in the right direction. To do that, the issues of moral responsibility, justice as well as Canada's interest in a global economy were analysed as it relates to the Kyoto Protocol. The research concluded that Canada should not...
The Arab Spring has not yet altered the fundamental nature of the regional system, but the balance of power within it is shifting. GCC states Saudi Arabia and Qatar - adopting a more muscular foreign policy. Important doubts, however, remain over the sustainability of this role. The Arab Spring has pulled EU-GCC relations in contradictory directions. On the one hand, it presents a unique opportunity for increased cooperation, for instance in addressing the Syria crisis and stabilizing the...
Author Gilbert Highet once queried, "what is politics but persuading the public to vote for this and support that and endure these for the promise of those?" When examining Highet's critical yet insightful view of politics, namely the process by which policymaking and implantation has on constituents, the importance of key players and an institution comes in to question. Who is influencing the policymaking process and how? This question is one of the most debated aspects of the...
Piracy is an outliving phenomenon of cultural history. However, the modern piracy has become a threat to the international trade. By attacking the vessels, pirates ask for ransom or just rob the companies of the cargo. There are different routes and different countries that are facing piracy in their waters. The ones that are the most intensive are foremost at the Strait of Malacca, the Chinese Sea and the Horn of Africa/the Gulf of Aden. There are different preconditions for piracy to occur in...
Nowadays, the importance of foreign policy has seen as a mechanism for cooperation among states in which they could create alliances and get into arrangements to promote not only economic and political issues, but also social issues. However, some transformations, that takes place on international scenario, become more complex the global relations, such as, the emergence of NGOs as a consequence of the virtual information age and globalization. Fortunately, Foreign Policy "has proven to be...
By 1904 our nation had already held twenty-five elections. The American people wanted a president with character, integrity, and tenacity. In the election of 1904, there were six presidential candidates, but through the party conventions and campaign activities only two candidates received a substantial amount of attention. The issues driving this election included expanding the merchant marines, beefing up the navy, the protective tariff, and protecting the gold standard. One candidate...
The process of accession to the European Union (EU) is considered to be important for the international promotion of democracy and the rule of law (Levitz & Pop-Eleches, 2010). In the borderline, post-communist Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs), EU enlargement has brought about the development of stable democratic institutions, falling corruption levels, increasing minority rights and protection as well as other political reforms (Pop-Eleches, 2007). The literature on the topic...
The neo-liberal telecom reform era had two fundamental causes. The first has little to do with telecommunications directly, and mostly to do with economic crises that swept over the country since the late 1980's and peaked in 1991. The second is the poor performance of the telecommunications sector, irrespective of the larger economic conditions (Noll 2004:14). In India, most public sector monopolies had served the consumers so poorly that their replacement by a regulated private sector...