The objectives that the United States (U.S) realistically accomplished were done quickly and efficiently with low cost. That in itself is reason enough to declare Victory and bring the troops home with honor. Unfortunately, the Bush administration extended the U.S objectives in Iraq to include the building a unified, effective, independent, and democratic government. These are noble and respectable goals, but this task has proven to be beyond the capabilities of the U.S military. The U.S is...
Civil wars in today's modern world have become increasingly described as 'new wars' ever since the end of the Cold War era due to a perceived change in the format of warfare and the emergence of war economies as central to internal skirmishes. Some scholars argue this evolution in warfare and intrastate conflict requires adjustments and changes to the post conflict reconstruction process due to new challenges new wars creates in comparison to the 'old wars' of the past. This essay argues that...
The functions of the European Union (EU) Presidency have been in continuous evolution;"the Presidency was viewed merely as a means of fulfilling an administrative chore" for the Council of Ministers (Council) and the European Council.As the EU widened and deepened, the business of both Councils became more substantive. To cope with this expansion, the Presidency was ascribed more extensive roles. Even with the Lisbon Treaty reforms to the Presidency, being at the helm still entails a...
Public opinion is the summation of individual attitudes, sentiments or views held by many grown-up people. Public opinions can be swayed by public associations and political media. Mass media uses a broad range of advertising techniques to get their message out and change the peoples' opinions. By assessing the opinions at the personal level and combining them the percentage of the population with particular views and preferences can be established. Public opinions affect policy both positively...
Since the industrial revolution in Europe, energy requirements have growth at a steady rate. In addition, not only industry but the modern way of life also increases this demand. The European Union consumes more and more energy every year, therefore the balance of energy is crucial for European security. Energy production within the EU is deficient and as a result external energy dependency is constantly increasing. Oil prices have tripled since March 1999. Consequently, recovery of the...
Representative Form of Government = (Un)freedom? Throughout history, society has always looked for thinkers who are willing to present ideas that are unique or contrary to the norm. We aren't immediately attracted to their ideas or their concepts, but after analyzing their works and thought process, we begin to broaden our horizons. One excellent example of this would surely be Jean-Jacques Rousseau. A man with gifts that ranged from music to botany and everything in between, Rousseau was one...
After a scandalous presidency filled with sexual affairs and near impeachments, America tired of President Bill Clinton's 1996 term of office and looked forward to new candidates in the 2000 election. Besides the Republican and Democratic parties, there were the major 3rd party platforms: the Green party, the Reform party, and the Libertarian party as well as other small denominations that did not make their way to the presidential ballot. The election of 2000 was almost a major American...
Regarding to China's pivotal role in the Islamic Republic of Iran's eastward foreign policy, the primary objective of this study is to discover Tehran's motives and outlooks in its foreign policy towards China and to realize the various factors which have influenced its behavior accordingly. Then with better understanding the interests and outlooks that bind Tehran to Beijing and the variables that drive the trends, the second objective of the research is to give an evaluation of Iran's...
For Egyptians, Mubaraks resignation wasnt only a political matter. Egyptians noticed how much of their lives had passed under Mubarak, they have decided that they were going to change their live for the better, therefore egypts revolution turned very violent as Mubarak stack back There was a note of causation over how far the military allowed democracy someone cite Egypt moving towered democracy but in two martial law people rose up against government asking an end to president autocracy....
Even though everyone is aware of that conflicts leads to problems more than solutions, there is one thing which is clear: Conflicts are Inevitable. There are no particular reasons as to why conflicts arise. On a personal front, every human feels he/she has a sense of purpose which has to be accomplished in his/her life. People have their ego and revolt to anything which they feel is against them. Differences in interests can be considered as the root of all the conflicts. Other reasons may...