There is the widespread believe that Europe would become much more powerful if it is able to speak with one voice in international institutions. This believe has been proven by cases in which Europe did speak with one voice such as in the WTO, in which the 27 EU member state countries are all represented as the European Community. Consequently, if Europe is also able to speak with one voice in institutions like the International Monetary Fund, for example, is it able to have more votes than the...
Being landlocked places a country in a unique, but unenviable position. Without access to the sea, a country like Bolivia or Serbia must rely on positive relations with the states that stand between them and the ocean. This is because trade conducted by sea is the mostly widely used and most cost effective way to import and export goods on the global market (Shipping). This paper will focus on how Bolivia interacts with Chile and how Serbia interacts with Bosnia. At the start of research it...
Anthony Anghie is a Professor of International Law at the University of Utah. Professor Anghie received a B.A. and an LL.B. from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. He earned an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School. I will be reviewing his book 'Imperialism, Sovereignty, and the Making of International Law'. This book deals with international law concepts but mainly deals with sovereignty. It employs very broad definitions of this concept which arguably test the limits of current disciplinary...
Definition of Public Policy: According to Thomas Dye, public policy can be described as "anything a government chooses to do or not to do". This definition specifies the following- That the primary agent of public policy making is a government. Public policy making involves a fundamental choice on the part of the governments to take action or not take an action. It is a conscious choice made by the government. []  Evolution of public policy: Public policy as a field was...
Evolution of public policy: Public policy as a field was initially related with the art of governing and politics. The initial proponents of the field emphasized on the usage of all kinds of means and being shrewd to ensure that the end was reached. As societies evolved, they became more complex and moved to various forms of government. Many more rules and regulations were required and the thrust of government shifted from just the science of governing to economics. With the rise of capitalism,...
According to Kenneth Waltz, the Foreign Policy of a country can be analysed by focusing on either the individual, the state or the international system. Which one of these levels of analysis do you think gives the most useful perspective from which to explain and understand a country's foreign policy? Give reasons to support your argument. Introduction. Foreign Policy refers to a consistent course of actions followed by one nation to deal with another nation or region, or international issue. A...
The Sultanate of Oman occupies a strategically significant position, with its northern tip located on the Strait of Hormuz, only 55km from Iran. Of all the GCC states, Oman has probably made the most effort to preserve good relations with both the US and Iran. This is perhaps because of its sectarian composition, as well as its geographic proximity to its larger neighbour 75% of Oman's population are Ibadhi Muslims, a sect that is neither Sunni nor Shia. As a result Oman's rulers do not share...
In this essay I am going to pick Germany and Britain two of the EU member states I am going to compare and contrast the reasons underlying their decision to participate in European integration by taking into consideration economic, historical and political factors. The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was the beginning of the European community. ECSC was the first organisation to be based on the principles of supranationalism. The European Coal and Steel Community was the beginning of...
According to Wikipedia, Foreign Policy can be essentially defined as the scrupulous set of goals which outline how a nation will interact economically, militarily, socially and politically in the international scene and also to a smaller scope how a country will interact will other non-state actors. Foreign Policy is also known as international relations policy (Wikipedia). However, it should be noted that the process by which foreign policies are created and executed is known as Foreign Policy...
Democracy is a form of government in which people elect their representatives themselves and the representatives of the people form government and opposition. Counseling is the base of a democratic state. The state ensures equality and equity for all citizens irrespective of their caste, color, language and race. The government performs all duties, for the welfare of all the people and is accountable to people in the performance of obligations. The opinion of each citizen is respected and given...