Though women have made great strides in the last fifty years, it has been easier to gain rights, or descriptive representation, than to fully implement them. Countries where women are well represented seem to have more pro-women policies, for example, the governments of Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark, have the highest levels of women's representation in Europe, and have shown the effects of that expanded representation through policies that address some of the conflict in female roles...
Jean-Jacque Rousseau wrote at a time before great social and political change in Europe. His texts remain one of the classic concepts of political theory. His writings have been thought of by many as, the 'bible' for the French Revolution for his foresight and perhaps predictions for the violence and terror that followed. His text, The Social Contract (1762) is made up of 4 books. In Books 1 and 2 he aimed to address the problem of political morality and the theory of institutions in Books 3...
Johannes Althusius is, by many, regarded as the father of modern federalist thought. He argued in Politica Methodice Digesta for the autonomy of his city Emden, both against its provincial Lord and the Emperor. The French theorist Huguenots developed a theory of legitimacy further in Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos. Althusius developed a non-sectarian, non-theological theory of federations that prohibited state intervention at several levels, including promotion of faith. Ludolph distinguished...
On January 11, 2011, a 22-year-old male in Tucson, Arizona shot through the head of an Arizona congressional representative, Gabrielle Giffords. Jared Lee Loughner was the identified shooter. During the course of his attempted assassination of Giffords, he killed six people and wounded others. Among those who have died was a nine-year old girl. As of today, Jared Loughner's sentencing is still an ongoing process. The prosecutors and survivors angered by his cold-blooded actions, argue for a...
As we all know , complex interdependence is a concept developed by Robert keohane and Joseph Nye in order to demonstrate that states are completely tied together in various aspects of their national resources , whether they be economic , military , agricultural , o political amongst others. The main characteristics of Complex Interdependence are three , in first place multiple channels , because these facilitate actions between communities either they be interstate or transnational. In second...
Climate change is one of the biggest issues of discussion in the world today and is already affecting societies around the globe. North America, being one of the most influential areas of the planet, has the added pressure of setting the proper example in preparing its society to adjust for the possible changes to be made in regards to climate change. Given the economic power that North America holds over various countries worldwide, the decisions and actions that are taken are going to have a...
It was in 2010 Asia Business council member survey where respondents stated that there is a maximum economic growth foreseen in the coming year. It was four out of the ten member team which stated that the Asian business condition would continue to be the same over the next one year; five members stated that the regional economy growth for this continent would improve and would be rising very strongly. It was only one member out the whole group who thought and stated that the economy would...
A new age has dawned on the world- an age in which anyone with the capability of hacking into a computer network has the potential of destroying a country's infrastructure and framework without even once pulling the trigger of a gun. Because of the unavoidable fact that cyber warfare enables any country to wage war through the Internet due to its independence from traditional war weapons and resources, it has abruptly become one of the world's most highly discussed and controversial topics. The...
Nowadays, the control over immigration has become very important political issue, which represents a real threat for social security and stability and also fosters growth of criminality and expansion of illegal labour market. Hard period of the world processes and its developing over permanent pressure escalating political, economic, social and other problems, activization of terroristic activity leads to destabilization of the situation in many developing and developed states, thus spanning...
The Athenian Democracy operated to some extent similarly to the Lebanese Democracy. Like the Lebanese voting constituency, Athens was separated into units in which citizens were obliged to be registered to vote on public policies and laws. In addition, to be eligible to vote one must be 18 years-old which therefore proves similar to the Lebanese system of government. The Athenian democracy had public officials similarly to the Lebanese democracy, such as the prime minister or president....