Looking At Electronic Communicaton Computer Science
The ways that people communicate have evolved a lot over the decades. Instead of just calling a friend on the telephone, one might pick up a cellphone and send them a text, go to the computer and write them an e-mail, or instantly message them on an IM website. Long gone is the age of writing letters or even making plans over the handset, for now we have much faster, easier, and more efficient ways of contacting each other. To discuss all existing communication methods would be a challenge, but here a just a few, and some fun facts about them.Communication on Social Networks
Using social networks like Facebook, Twitter, or the program Skype has become one of the most widely used methods of communicating with friends. If you don't have your cellphone with you or are for some reason unable to text message, sending messages online through these hosts is a very handy and efficient tool to have access to.
Facebook. Facebook, the most widely-used social-networking website in the world, is also one of the easiest ways to send and receive messages from friends. This website allows users to communicate with friends in two ways. They can communicate publicly in many different ways, including:
Posting on others' timelines
Updating your status
Posting photos and videos for friends to see
Commenting on friends' videos and photos
Adding people as friends so they can see your page
Facebook users may also communicate privately in two different ways. Users can chat with each other if both users are online at the same time. This is much like instant-messaging, in that the messages are sent and read in real time, and that both users are on the computer at the time. However, if one user is not online for a moment, another user may still send them a message. This is referred to as inbox-messaging, and, much like e-mail, users do not have to be actively online to receive these messages. Facebook is very convenient in its versatility, from online and offline messages to public and private communication.
Twitter. Twitter, another social-networking website, is similar and different from Facebook. Instead of friending each other, Twitter users follow each other. On Twitter, users may post text messages that are 140 characters or less. This body of text is called a "tweet." Users may choose whether their tweets are public, for everyone to read, or private, for only specific users. Users may also attach photos or other multimedia to their tweets. They can also send direct messages to other users, which are private and only between the two parties. Much like Facebook, Twitter can be used for both private and public communications.
Skype. Skype is a program that users can download on their computers. Much like the other social networks, users add friends whom they can communicate with by sending textual messages. However, one difference is that users with webcams can share face-to-face sessions with other webcam users. This is done over the internet, and is private.Text Messaging
Text messaging is the most widely used form of electronic communication. Text-messaging is mainly performed on cellphones. The main difference between text messaging and using sites like Facebook to message is that you need a phone to text message.
SMS. SMS stands for "short messaging service." It is "a text messaging service component of phone, web, or mobile communication systems, using standardized communications protocols that allow the exchange of short text messages between fixed line or mobile phone devices" (Wikipedia). These days, SMS refers to any all types of text messaging through mobile phones. It is the most widely used data application in the world, having 3.7 billion active users (CNET).
MMS. MSS, or Multimedia Messaging Service, is "a standard way to send messages that include multimedia content to and from mobile phones. It extends the core SMS (Short Message Service) capability that allowed exchange of text messages only up to 160 characters in length" (Wikipedia). The most common use for MMS messages is for users to send pictures they take with their camera-equipped cellphones. However, MMS messages can also contain videos, audio files, and ringtones. On most phones it is used interchangeably with SMS.
Smartphone-to-Smartphone. One of the advantages to having a smartphone is enhanced text-messaging with other smartphone users. For example, if you have an iPhone, you can use iMessage. iMessages are shared between any people who both have iPhones. This feature allows users to use wifi connection instead of 3G to message, and it is free. iMessage is fast, and enables you to see when the other person has read a message, see when they are typing, and to quickly send and receive high-quality photos and videos. There are other examples of smartphone-to-smartphone style text messaging platforms; iMessage is just a common example.Electronic Mail (e-mail)
e-Mail is very popular because anyone can make one, and because it is a reliable way to send and receive private messages. E-mail is widely used for many reasons and applications.
e-Mail Address Format. When making an e-mail account, it is important to know the required and appropriate format for your address. The format of an e-mail address is [email protected] in which the local part can be up to 64 characters and the domain name is a maximum 253 characters. Some guidelines are:
Uppercase or lowercase letters A-Z
Period (.) This cannot be the first or last character, and cannot appear twice consecutively
The domain part will usually just be the e-mail host that you are making your account with (ex. @gmail.com, @comcast.net). Let's review the steps:
Pick your local part with the help of the guidelines above
Add the @ sign
Choose the domain part (usually you won't actually have to choose this)
Web-based Mail (Web Mail). Webmail refers to e-mail services offered through websites (webmail providers). Webmail is commonly used because of its convenience: users can view their email on any computer, anywhere, just by going to the website. Some examples of webmail services are Gmail, Yahoo! Mail, Hotmail and AOL Mail.
Differences between Messaging on Social Networks. E-mails can be sent at any time, whether or not the person on the receiving end is actively on the computer at the time of sending or not. This means users do not have to be "online" like they do for Facebook chat or instant messaging. E-mail is similar to Facebook "inbox" messaging for this reason. However, both the sender and receiver can have their e-mail accounts on different websites and still send messages.Conclusion
There are countless to ways to communicate. Electronic, online communication is undoubtedly the easiest, most efficient, and most accessible form of it. Most people have access to a computer, cellphone, or internet. With so many ways to reach others electronically, it seems like these methods of communication are things everyone could love to use!
Article name: Looking At Electronic Communicaton Computer Science essay, research paper, dissertation