Android Users Can Access Computer Science

Essay add: 4-12-2015, 17:59   /   Views: 163

With time android devices grow up. They become smarter with new features that no other platform will provide you and thus helps you to focus on what's significant and put you in control of your mobile experience.

Android is based on Linux operating and it is designed primarily for touch screen mobile devices such as smart phones and tablet computers, developed by Google. Initially Android was developed by Android Inc, whom Google financially backed and later purchased in 2005.

In October 2008, the first Android-powered phone was sold, and in another two years Android became the world's leading smartphone platform with a worldwide smartphone market share of 68% at the second quarter of 2012, and as of quarter 3 of 2012, there were 500 million devices activated with 1.3 million activations every single day.

The journey of android began with the release of the Android beta. In September, 2008 the first commercial version Android 1.0 was released.

Since April 2009, Android versions have been developed under a codename and released in alphabetical order: Cupcake, Donut, Éclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, and Jelly Bean.

Jelly Bean v4.1 was the most recent major update, which was announced in June 2012.

The different versions of Android are discussed as follows.

Android beta

on November 5, 2007, the first version of Android, Android Beta was released and after a week the software development kit (SDK) was released.

Android 1.0

On September 23, 2008 the initial commercial version of Android, Android 1.0, was launched and it was incorporated in the first Android device which was HTC Dream.

Android 1.0 possessed the following features:

It had an access to the Android Market application download and updates through the Market application.

It contained a Web browser as well to show, zoom and pan full HTML and XHTML web pages - multiple pages show as windows ("cards"). It could also access web email servers.

Another feature was the folders that allowed the grouping of a number of application icons into a single folder icon on the Home screen.

It also supported SMTP, POP3 and IMAP4.

Gmail synchronization with the Gmail application was supported.

Google Contacts synchronization with the People application was made possible.

Google Calendar synchronization with the Calendar application was made possible.

Another remarkable feature included Google Maps with Latitude and Street View to view maps and satellite imagery, as well as find local business and obtain driving directions using GPS and navigation.

Google Sync helped it in allowing management of over-the-air synchronization of Gmail, People, and Calendar and Google Search helped it in allowing users to search the Internet and phone applications, contacts, calendar.

Moreover Google Talk significantly improvised the instant messaging.

It had a media player that enabled management, importing, and playback of media files - however, this version lacked video and stereo Bluetooth support.

Calls can be made without typing a name or number through the help of Voice Dialer.

Android 1.1

Internally called as "Petit Four", Android 1.1 update was released on February 9, 2009. Initially It was introduced for the HTC Dream only. The update resolved bugs, changed the API and a number of features were added, some of them are as follows:

When a user searches for businesses on Maps, reviews and details were made available.

There was a longer in-call screen timeout default while making a use of the speaker phone, moreover it was able to show/hide the dial pad.

It was able to preserve the attachments in messages

Android 1.5 - Cupcake

Cupcake, the Android 1.5 update was released on April 30, 2009. Linux kernel 2.6.27 was used as the base for it. This was the first release to officially use a name based on a dessert ("Cupcake"), a theme which would be used for all releases henceforth. The update included several new features and UI amendments such as:

It supported the third-party virtual keyboards with text prediction and user dictionary for custom words which makes the typing experience commendable.

It even supported the Widgets which are a miniature application views which may be embedded in applications like Home screen.

Video recording and playback in MPEG-4 and 3GP formats were supported by the Cupcake.

Another major up gradation was auto-pairing and stereo support for Bluetooth.

Web browser became more sophisticated with Copy and paste features.

Favorite contacts could be assigned any images and pictures.

Specific date/time stamp shown for events in call log, and one-touch access to a contact card from call log event was another fantastic feature added to Cupcake.

Animated screen transitions, screen auto-rotation option, ability to upload videos to YouTube, ability to upload photos to Picasa were some of the other features of Cupcake.

Android 1.6 - Donut

The Donut, Android 1.6 was unleashed on September 15, 2009 which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. The Donut included numerous new features, which are as follows:

First feature introduced was of voice and text entry search enhanced to include bookmark history, contacts, and the web.

Donut enabled developers to include their content in search results.

Multi-lingual speech synthesis engine allowed any Android application to "speak" a string of text and made the input method much easy.

Donut had an easier searching and was able to view application screenshots in Android Market.

The gallery, camera and camcorder were more fully integrated, also it had faster camera access.

Donut enabled users to select multiple photos for deletion.

There was an updated technology support for CDMA/EVDO, 802.1x, VPNs, and a text-to-speech engine was developed.

WVGA screen resolutions were supported but Android 1.6.

Various speed improvements in searches and camera applications were incorporated.

Donut had an expanded Gesture framework and new Gesture Builder development tool as well to make it all the more sophisticated.

Android 2.0/2.1 Éclair

The Android 2.0 SDK which was codenamed as Éclair was introduced On October 26, 2009. Éclair was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29 with the following changes included:

Éclair had an expanded Account sync, which allowed users to add multiple accounts to a device for email- and contact-synchronization.

Users could exchange email support, with combined inbox to browse email from multiple accounts in one page.

Éclair enabled the users to tap a Contacts photo and select to call, SMS, or email the person.

It had a feature to find all saved SMS and MMS messages, with delete oldest messages in a conversation automatically deleted when a defined limit is reached.

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