The water issue acquires a particular importance in the Gulf region in view of the limited available quantities of water for drinking. According to the index which illustrates that any country, with a less annual average per capita of water than 1000 : 2000 cubic meters, will be considered a country suffering from a scarcity of water. Therefore, some Gulf countries may fall into that mentioned category of countries with water scarcity at any time which is continually exacerbated by high rates...
Firstly, to understand climate change, we need to understand what climate is, and how our climate works. The Earth's climate can be thought of as the average weather conditions over a period of time, typically 30 years, which considers the mean and variability of temperature, rainfall and wind . Our climate system is very complex consisting of many factors, including solar radiation, atmosphere, land surface, hydro cover, snow and ice, and every living organism on this planet. These are all...
Acid rain is also referred to as "acid precipitation". It is the rainfall made acidic by pollution put into the atmosphere that causes harm to the environment. Acid rain can also be in other forms such as snow, sleet, hail, fog, frost and even dew. Ordinarily all rain is a little acidic due to the Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide that is naturally present in the Earth's atmosphere. Acid rain is caused by pollution of the atmosphere particularly the burning of fossil fuels such as coal....
Land cover change assessment is one of the main application of remote sensed data. A considerable amount of literatures has been published on LandSat satellite with regards to land cover change. (N. Bakr et al., 2010) carried a researched using multi-temporal landSat data to monitor land cover changes in a new reclaimed area in Egypt and obtained a successful result accuracy of 94.5 % reclamation. (Peijun DU et al., 2010), reported to have used multi- temporal remote sensing landSat TM to...
The growth in the number of multi-national and trans-national organisations operating in the global markets has seen many of them developing company-wide environmental management policies. But although many have behaved ethically some have moved their operations overseas to avoid regulatory burdens and to reduce operational costs. Multinational corporations in 1999 between them manufacture 29% of the world's products, have immense power and can often stimulate or monopolise local industry,...
Following the sequence in the above diagram, the group formed in week 2 was based on all the students doing the same academic course and thus having the same technical background, and it was appropriate in the sense that the group would be able to focus on a topic relevant to its area of study, that being Telecommunications and Computer Networks Engineering.Using the Timebox and Double Diamond techniques in week 3, we started by brainstorming to try to get as many ideas as possible in our field...
Abstract: - Energy has become need for everyone in current dynamic environment. Every country is trying to exploit different source of energy to meet their daily requirements and India is one of these country. India has shifted its focus from the source of non renewable energy, which is depleting at higher rate, to renewable source of energy. It is trying to strike a balance between both sources of energy. This paper will address strategy adopted by Indian government for energy security. 1...
Green wall is a proposed project of a green building resource center, where it will act as a medium to educate people about sustainable architecture. The focus is not only to make newly constructed buildings green but also to bring existing buildings 'eco-friendly'. In return, this will increase the efficiency of resources used such as energy, water and materials, so that there will be enough resources for everyone now and in the future. Introduction "Change is upon us. We can choose to...
Current patterns of production and consumption of energy in Nigeria are unsustainable, and damaging the environment. As an energy rich country (oil & gas) whose economic need is great, it is essential that energy supplies be developed sustainably; to support economic and social development. The main objective of this research is to critically analyze current energy production and usage patterns, and to identify technical and policy opportunities for greater sustainability of the energy...
We have chosen the pink salmon index stream near Ketchikan, Alaska called Carroll Inlet for our research paper. Maintaining Carroll Inlet is vital to the survival of pink salmon in this estuary. An array of threats has the potential of affecting pink salmon, the largest being overfishing. To protect these fish from future harm, we propose a management plan that provides guidelines against overfishing as well as plans for tests to be made to make sure that we properly preserve pink salmon...