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Introduction The last few years economical crisis is the most dominant and controversial concern which is spread almost in every sector of our lives. In addition, we live in a world where people are not well informed about the environmental issues such as climate change. Governments have a big responsibility to make significant decisions to decelerate the climate change and to search for alternative ways to satisfy the energy needs. Environmentalists, sociologists and economists have many...
The variety of particle energies reflects the wide variety of sources. The origins of these particles range from energetic processes on the Sun all the way to as yet unknown events in the farthest reaches of the visible universe. Cosmic rays can have energies of over 1020 eV, far higher than the 1012 to 1013 eV that man-made particle accelerators can produce. (See Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays for a description of the detection of a single particle with an energy of about 50 J, the same as a...
Climate changes can affect both human life and the environment. With climate change comes rising of sea levels, melting ice covers and thawing permafrost and changed frequency of extreme weather events, not to mention changed phenology, some of which affects food crops (Health and Environment Effects, 2009). Albedo has been seen as a significant contribution to changes in our world climates (Otterman 1977). The importance of monitoring the land surface albedo for understanding climate trends...
Human activities create waste, and it is the way these wastes are handled, stored, collected and disposed of, which can pose risks to the environment and to public health.The growing volume of solid wastes generated in Mauritius is having major implications on thestate of our environment. It is estimated that the amount of solid waste generated is about 1200 tonnes per day. Each Mauritian generates around 1 kg of solid waste daily. The composition of waste varied from summer to winter...
Biogas and the global carbon cycle. Each year, through microbial activity, in the range of between 590-880 million tons of methane are released worldwide into the atmosphere. About 90% of the emitted methane derives from biogenic sources, for example, from the decomposition of biomass. The remainder is of fossil origin such as petrochemical processes. In the northern hemisphere, the present tropospheric methane concentration amounts to about 1.65 ppm (parts per million).   Unlike fossil fuel...
The central bank of Burma has liberalized the financial organizations for competition, efficiency and integration into the regional financial system. As of end of December 2007, there are 15 domestic private banks and 13 representative offices of foreign banks and 3 representative offices of foreign insurance companies in Burma. Accoding to the change in the economic requirements of the country, the central Bank rate has been increased from 10 % to 12% since April 1,2006. Agricultural...
The demographic pressures, large spread of new hydropower projects and the concerning climate change scenarios have placed the future of world's longest and most resource rich Mekong river under threat. Worst drought has been experienced by most of the East and Southeast Asian countries in the recent history with the damage of crops, drop of water level of rivers and reservoirs and economic losses. With massive population growth, increase in pollution, insufficient use of water, serious...
Contamination of soil in oil refinery has been an environmental issue of modern industrialization in many countries. The main reason for this contamination is the contaminated products generated during the activities associated with purifying and refining petroleum in oil refinery. Those activities including distillation, chemical treatment, product transfer and storage and so on are the contributors of the contaminants. These consist of the petroleum hydrocarbons, asbestos, metals, some...
The Oak Ridges Moraine, both a landscape and landform of great importance to ecologists and environmentalists is a model of essential preservation of our planet and ecosystems which contribute to a far greater reach than we can imagine. With the infinite amount of construction around us, the word "natural" dwindles in our minds full of city-life, technology, and urban growth. This paper will explore the Oak Ridges Moraine in detail, as well as connect the physiological makeup of the...
Scotland currently develops a potential renewable energy generation with a broad mix of renewable energy generation technologies and fuel fossils to supply power to meet its renewable electricity targets, thereby contributing to tracking globe warming and in so doing creating a viable supply and demand ambitious for electricity market. Power is supplied by a combination of large base-load plants which include nuclear, coal and gas-fired power plant, hydro electricity, both conventional hydro...