Integrating environmental, socio - political, economic and technological dimensions for the assessment of climate policy instrumentsAbstractClimate policy assessments often appear to lack a multi-analytical approach capable of considering different dimensions of sustainability during the policy design. This paper presents an integrated assessment framework of climate policy instrument interactions by reconciling environmental, socio-economic, political and institutional aspects for the initial...
Over the past decade the significant revival of commodity prices, the inflating price of petroleum resources, and the growing political instability in many of the oil producing regions of the world, has led to a renewed interest in the exploitation of natural resources, with energy security at the forefront of many international political agendas. The oil and gas industries are expected to remain the dominant fuel suppliers worldwide for the next thirty years, and currently supplies 62 percent...
Electrons have been the key element to many puzzles in life; if it were not for several physicians and their contributions to the discoveries of different properties of the electron, the sciences (chemistry, biology, and physics) would not be the same. The earliest recorded experience with electricity (apart from lightening) was with the ancient Greeks who noticed that amber attracted small objects when rubbed with fur. The history of electrons has been a compile of small discoveries made by...
Located in Western Alaska, the Yukon Estuary encompasses the borders of the lowland area that comprises the Yukon Delta. The abundance of freshwater runoff transports nutrients into the ecosystem, supporting a wide variety of plant and animal life. This important estuary is home to tens of millions of seasonal breeding birds that take advantage of the biological energy, safety, and available breeding grounds. Biologists use counting as a means of monitoring population health and determining...
Electronic waste, e-waste, e-scrap is a loose category of surplus, obsolete, broken, or discarded electrical or electronic devices. It may be defined as all secondary computers, entertainment device electronics, mobile phones, and other items such as television sets and refrigerators, whether sold, donated, or discarded by their original owners. This definition includes used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal. Electronic waste, is popularly known...
As we all know, the resources on earth are limited, and that exactly people inflict maximum damage on the environment.In terms of scientific and technological progress in 21st century greatly complicated interactions between nature and society. The man was able to influence the course of natural processes, began to use all of the available natural resources and the same time pollute and destroy the environment.According to the World Health organisation , out of more than 6 million known...
Background - cogeneration of methane from landfills. Limitations of current technology. For over two centuries, the United States and other developed countries have profited from inexpensive and abundant fossil fuels. Oil, coal and natural gas have afforded us richness and great affluence, while the cost of energy has remained moderately low. Nevertheless, the previous few years have brought out a consciousness that our unrestricted using up of fossil fuels has added to global warming...
First mentions of vine growing in the Tokaj region appeared in 1550, even if it is highly probable that vine was cultivated in this region before that time. During the XVIIe: the harvest condition, the winemaking and the area of production of Tokaj wine were regulated; in 1737 it was the first wine region which had a delimited production area. The king of France Louis XIV talked about Tokaj as the wine of king and the kind of wines , its reputation was growing up and in 1772 the appellation...
It has been developed a small-scale, simple, and rapid dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) procedure in combination with fiber optic-linear array detection spectrophotometry (FO-LADS) with charge-coupled device (CCD) detector benefiting from a micro-cell. The official reference methods (ASTM D2330 - 02, ISO 7875-1) which require tedious procedures were replaced with modified method, as a result, it has achieved a major reduction in sample size, elimination of the use of expensive...
The Harbour seal (Phoca vitulina), also known as the common seal, are true seals. True seals do not have ears. They are mainly found in the Northern Hemisphere ranging from the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean to the Baltic Sea. This makes them the most wide ranging seals of all pinnipeds. Commonly brown, gray, or tan, these seals have a distinct V-shaped nostril. These marine mammals are one of the many that are not near extinction. This is mainly due to reproduction, habitat, and...