Unfortunately, burning fossil fuels is not the only thing that humans are doing to increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In many parts of the world today, forests are being destroyed at an alarming rate. Enormous numbers of trees are being cut down, both to provide timber and to clear the land for farming or ranching. This destructive process is called deforestation. Deforestation is another main producer of carbon dioxide. The major causes of deforestation are logging for...
In most of the developing and under developed countries, their citizens have agriculture as main economic occupation. But, they also mainly depend on fish production for their livelihood. Fish stock estimation has been put forth by Marine societies, using the images sent by the satellites. But, this estimation sometimes fails because of sudden changes in climate. Hence, our project O.F.I.D is the solution for the problem. The main aim of this project is to predict the stock concentration with...
Water plays a prerequisite role for all the living things on earth and has high correlation with human being's daily life and the development of economic activities, yet the issue of water crisis has become one of the most severe problem in the 21st century. On the one hand, fresh water is a limited natural resource and in the meanwhile, a scanty resource. It has been reported that the total water supply in the world amounts to approximately 1,386 million cubic kilometers; however, the fresh...
Based on Low Carbon Transition Plan 2008, UK government is going to produce around 30% of its electricity from low carbon ways (hydro, wind, tides and biomass energy) before 2020 to avoid the dangerous impacts of changing climate.Biomass is now playing an increasingly important role in energy sectors and it accounts for more than 80% of the total renewable energy utilization in 2008. As a dominant renewable energy, biomass are using widely in co-firing, combined heat & power (CHP)...
The global demand for petroleum resources has never been higher, conventional 'drill-hole' production is peaking the global demand for fuel sources rapidly increasing at the same time that reserves are depleting rapidly. Now the need for non-conventional sources of oil has become more apparent. However, alternative sourced oil may not be a solution, but a buffer while we endeavour to find ways to fuel our ever increasing transportation and lifestyle needs.Global oil production will almost...
Energy security is one of the major challenges facing mankind in the 21st century. It has been cited that nearly 20% of the global population do not have access to electricity [1]. In addition, it is predicted that the global consumption of electricity will increase by almost 50% by 2035 [2]. For a sustainable future, satisfying the need for energy should be accompanied with the reduction of CO2 emissions [3] by energy systems. Consequently, this brings about concerns in considering fossil...
Opposition to coal-fired power plants has increased in recent years. Opponents of power plants that rely on burning coal to produce electricity argue that the process emits large amounts of CO2 emissions and other air pollutants, which leads to global warming. However, there are other negative affects that result from coal-fired power plants other than the emission of CO2 and other air pollutants. For instance, the coal that powers these types of generating plants has to be extracted from the...
This final year project proposal will be all about how aware is the lean manufacturer in the context of going green element or green manufacturing of the production line in the lean manufacturing companies in Malaysia. Lean is a system that control waste in a manufacturing firm however it gives ultimate to pollution to the environment nowadays. Manufacturing is showing with increased frequency that companies incorporating lean practices in manufacturing by design or accidentally is becoming...
According to Oil Gas Journal as of January 2011, India owned roughly 5.7 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, which ranked India the second in the Asia-Pacific region, after China. In 2010, India produced approximately a total of 950 thousand barrels per day (bbl/d) of total liquids, of which 750 thousand bbl/d was crude oil. However, India consumed 3.2 million bbl/d in 2010, which makes its oil production seem negligible.Although actions have been taken by the Indian government in the...
The survey distinguished between surface and buried oil. Buried or subsurface oil is of greater concern than surface oil. Subsurface oil can remain dormant for many years before being dispersed and is more liquid, still toxic, and may become biologically available. A disturbance event such as burrowing animals or a severe storm reworks the beach and can reintroduce unweathered oil into the water. Results of the summer shoreline survey showed that the oil remaining on the surface of beaches in...