At the beginning of this project, objectives to be achieved were set by the author in the Terms of Reference. This section evaluates the extent to which these objectives were achieved. The key to thriving in a competitive market is staying ahead of the competition. Making sound business decisions based on accurate and current information takes more than just having an intuition. Research in this areas enabled the author have in-depth knowledge on the features and limitations of various...
The delivery of electronic commerce capabilities directly into the consumers hand, anywhere, via wireless technology. Which was what Mobile Commerce was coined in 1997 by Kevin Duffey Group Telecoms Director of Logica during the Inaugral Plenary Conference at Heathrow Hilton,UK in 10 November 1997. Mobile Commerce has been defined as follows: "Mobile Commerce is any transaction, involving the transfer of ownership or rights to use good and services, which initiated and/or completed by the...
In today's technological advancements in VLSI industry, the limits of ASICs/FPGA chips in terms of area, power and speed are constantly shrinking. The end user requirements are also influencing these limits and pushing them to a new level on top of all these technological advancements. The effects of nanometer technologies on congestion, signal integrity, crosstalk etc. are becoming more significant as the technology sizes of semiconductor devices continue to decrease. All of these factors are...
Introduction: Dividing the amount of work that has to be done by a computer between two or more computers such that more work can be done in the same amount of time is called load balancing. Thus all users are served faster. It can be implemented with hardware, software or both. The main reason for computer serving clustering is load balancing. On the internet, load balancing is used by the companies whose web sites suffer from traffic. There are several approaches for load ...
We live in the age of digital information. The number of internet users is increasing and a tremendous volume of digital content is being generated every day. It became impossible for the internet user to control and effectively manage the huge amount of information items created and delivered. This problematic phenomenon is best known as "Information Overload." To solve this problem, researchers have been working hard to develop efficient filtering techniques capable of eliminating...
Personal navigation has become increasingly popular nowadays. There are different portable devices as well as many map-making tools available online. There are various methods by which we can route a path between the origin and source destination, such maps are called Route Maps. Such maps are cluttered with extraneous information. Schematized maps provide a simple solution to this problem. The development of schematizing application onto mobile devices helps the user to navigate with ease to...
When an inter relationship between entities in a database are explained by a way of graphical representation, we use an ER-Entity-relationship Diagram. In ER diagrams three different categories of symbols namely boxes, diamonds and ovals are used to represent data. For example, Diamonds represent relationship; ovals indicate attributes and boxes represent entities.EntityAn entity is something that has a distinct, separate existence, though it need not be a material existence. In particular,...
The users awareness of their privacy made anonymity to get higher attention. The users can enjoy the pleasure of the network services without being tracked by anonymity. Although many anonymity related issues have been widely studied in payment based systems like peer-to-peer (P2P) systems and e-cash systems, a more effort has been dedicated to a Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs). At the same time, Conditional anonymity is required for the network authority so the any misbehaving entities can be...
Social networking as stated by (Unknown, 2011) "is the grouping of individuals into specific groups, like small rural communities or a neighborhood subdivision. Social networking though possible in person is best done and most popular online. Online Social networking uses websites known as social sites; Social networking websites function like an online community of internet users". (Unknown, 2011) also said that "depending on the website in question, many of these online...
Formal Methods1.1. Overview The software engineers and designers always try to develop reliable and consistent software but the behavior of software is often a surprise for them. Mostly software systems fail and can not fulfill the requirements, there are many reasons of their failure but most of them fail due to incomplete and ambiguous requirement specification, which are hardly difficult to handle by using traditional software development process. Formal methods are used as an emerging...