What are the rules of marriage? Who makes these rules and what are they based on? Is marriage for everyone? These are just a few questions that boggle people's minds when it comes to the matter of same sex marriage. In the ethical issue of same sex marriage, the union of two people who genuinely love each other should be considered over moral reasons against same sex marriage.  Many people feel that same sex marriage should be illegal because they feel that homosexual couples are...
HOW CHANGES IN THE FAMILY STRUCTURE HAVE AFFECTED POLICY IN THE UNITED KINGDOM INTRODUCTION An introduction to social policy Social policy refers to the study of social welfare and how it relates to politics and the society. The United Kingdom is a unitary state where the central government controls all the activities of government. Demographic changes in the society have strong implications on government policy as far as sound decision-making is concerned. These changes come in form of divorce...
This essay evaluates the dramatic change in the position of women in the domestic and social setting of the mid twentieth century and at the turn of the twenty first century. To set the essay in perspective, the gender roles in prehistoric society is briefly explored. The essay then recounts, through insightful excerpts and abstracts, the position of women in the fifties, at the eve of the feminist movement. This is followed by a rather ambitious attempt to summarize their altered ...
Introduction Social capital is an essential community asset. Communities are known to have different standards of social capital; an example is Putnam's study which reviews the breakdown of traditional networks and shared activities in USA. He also found that social capital is a key determinant of both governmental efficiency and economic development Social capital is based on four basic tools: trust, reciprocity, networks and collective action, it takes time to develop and requires a specific...
In the past decade traditional governance of social policy at EU level has undergone significant structural changes which have led to new governance structures encouraging more interaction between public, private, non-governmental, and non-profit organisations in order to complement central government institutions in policy formulation and implementation (Peters and Pierre, 2006). Nevertheless, both traditional and new governance structures carry out similar activities, such as "setting...
The United States, a bastion of democracy to the world, has long recognized the importance of freedom of expression to safeguard democracy and grow as a nation. It is a right enshrined in the very first provision of the United States Constitution. The First Amendment of the United States Constitution, adopted in 1791, provides that "Congress shall make no law ... abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the...
There are hundreds if not thousands of students in any given school. The sheer size and magnitude of the student population encompassed in these schools leads to complications of school safety. Zero tolerance is a policy which was brought about enforcing school safety more firmly, and aimed to better protect students. However, the way in which these students are protected is highly debatable, making the zero tolerance ideology very controversial. Exactly which approach is most effective in...
The United States is not the only country that has an eminent domain policy. The United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Ireland have named this policy “compulsory purchase” (Garner, 1975). The compulsory acquisition of land has become a major issue in Ireland. The Public Infrastructure Project has use compulsory purchase for what has been state as, “to go ahead for the common good” (Garner, 1975). The most widely discussed application of this refers to road improvement schemes...
When it comes to health and social policy, governments have the difficult task of balancing the desires and rights of individuals with the desires and rights of society as a whole. This is particularly evident in the recent smoking legislation in the Scotland. Current literature and opinion has much focused on the effect of smoking bans on the hospitality industry, and the cost to society of tobacco-related illnesses. This literature review examines the social policy considerations of the...
Approximately 9 million of the world's 650 million disabled people live in the UK. According to a recent report of the Department of Works and Pensions, even though 3.6 million of the disabled, (i.e. approximately 40% of the total disabled population) are between 19 and 59, only about a million (i.e. less than 30 % of them) are employed. (Berthoud, 2006) Compared to the existing employment rate of 76% (Berthoud, 2006) among the non disabled population, the figures for the disabled are...