Emotional Intelligence Emotion

Essay add: 19-07-2016, 14:37   /   Views: 21

1.) What is emotional intelligence and why is it important for us to understand it?

Emotional intelligence is the skill to recognize and articulate emotions in an accurate way. This theory emphasizes interpersonal, intrapersonal and practical aspects of intelligence. (Santrock, 2007) Interpersonal intelligence is the skill to comprehend and efficiently interact with peers. Intrapersonal intelligence is the skill to comprehend oneself. Practical intelligence is the knack for getting out of trouble and the ability to coexist with others very easily. It is important for us to understand this concept because with it comes the ability to take others thoughts and feelings into consideration, an understanding of the roles that our emotions take in our everyday relationships, the ability to control our negative emotions and the realization that being in a positive mood can aid our creative thinking process. Although this topic is of considerable interest to many, it is highly criticized because it has not been assessed and researched properly. (Santrock, 2007)

2.) Discuss Vygotsky's theory and how it would be used for learning.

Vygotsky's theory is a developmental theory that focuses on the cognition of children. He believed that they develop through social interaction. Their cognitive development depends on what is provided by society and their minds are shaped by their culture. There are many tasks that are too difficult for children to complete alone, but with the help of a teacher, skilled adult or other more advanced student, comprehension is possible. This is called the zone of proximal development. Very close to this notion is the concept of scaffolding. Changing levels of support over the course of a teaching session to conform to a student's current level of comprehension proves to be effective in enhancing the learning process. (Santrock, 2007)

3.) How does emotion develop in infants?

Emotion is a feeling that occurs when a person is in an interaction that is important to his or her well-being. Two broad types of emotions are studied during early development: primary emotions and self-conscious emotions. Primary emotions are looked at as being “primary” because they are rooted in biology and include the emotions of surprise, joy, anger, sadness, fear and disgust. Self-conscious emotions are those emotions that entail self-awareness and are sometimes called “secondary emotions.” These emotions include empathy, jealousy and embarrassment, which occur about one and a half to two years of age, and pride, shame and guilt, which first unveils itself at about two and half years of age. When these emotions are developed, children are able to use social standards to regulate their behavior. (Santrock, 2007)

4.) Compare the concepts: self-esteem, self-concept, self-awareness and self-regulation.

Self-esteem is often referred to as self-worth or self-image. (Santrock, 2007) For example, a person may identify his or herself as not merely a person, but a good person. (Santrock, 2007) Self-concept is a specific evaluation of oneself involving the many domains of ones life - academic, athleticism, appearance, personal traits and group affiliations. Self-awareness is an aspect of self-understanding that becomes especially important in early adulthood. It involves how much a young adult is aware of his or her psychological make-up, involving his or her strengths and weaknesses. Self-regulation requires a person to have the ability to control his or her behavior without having to rely on his or her peers for assistance. All four of these concepts are extremely important in developing a healthy hold on self-understanding. (Santrock, 2007)

5.) Explain Bronfenbrenner's theory of development.

Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory is a view that everyone's development is influenced by environmental systems. (Santrock, 2007) This theory includes five environmental systems:

  • Microsystem - the setting in which we live.
  • Mesosystem - the relationship between the settings in which we live.
  • Exosystem - experiences in a different social setting influence the events in our immediate setting.
  • Macrosystem - involves the behavioral patterns, beliefs and other products of a group in which individuals reside.
  • Chronosystem - the pattern of life events that transform individuals and exist over the course of someone's life.

(Santrock, 2007)

These five environmental systems emphasize the importance of the role that social contexts play in human development. (Santrock, 2007) Understanding this theory is extremely important in understanding the process of life-span development. (Santrock, 2007)


Santrock, J.W. (2007). A Topical Approach to Life Span Development. New York,

New York: McGraw-Hill.

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Article name: Emotional Intelligence Emotion essay, research paper, dissertation