The term 'social science' is a misnomer which masks the necessarily different epistemic methods and ontological realities consistent with natural and social realms respectively". Critically appraise this claim In this essay I intend to dispute the notion that the term social science is a misnomer. Firstly, I will define social science, and then focus on the differences between rationalism and empiricism without whose existence there would be no epistemology. Empiricism will receive more...
What are the strengths and weaknesses of the law relating to either race discrimination, sex discrimination or disability discrimination? Relating to disability discrimination: Disability discrimination is legally prohibited and controlled in the UK via two main statutory instruments, the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (DDA) (previously the Disability Discrimination Act 1995) and the Disability Rights Commission (DRC) Act 1999. Further legislation extends the scope of coverage; for example,...
IS THE BRITISH WELFARE STATE RESPONSIBLE FOR MANY CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS?Introduction The idea of a welfare state can be taken to have different meaning depending on the way it is applied. The welfare state in all countries is however supposed to meet some basic objectives or needs of a state and therefore takes care of the welfare of all the members. There are some basic ideas that pertains the formation of any welfare state. The welfare state is taken as the ideal model of provision...
Describe the role and function of the Transnational Organised Crime Convention and the Convention's relationship to its Protocols The Transnational Organised Crime Convention is a multi-lateral convention established by the United Nations in December 2000 with the expressed aim of demonstrating the “political will to answer a global challenge with a global response.” It should consequently be seen as formal recognition that the new security problems posited by the advent of the era...
Achieving sustainable transport through the provision of mass transit is a common goal in all urban areas. Despite this notion, current transit infrastructure is designed in a way that users are assumed to be normal and able-bodied which often led to exclusion to those who face difficulties in using the transit (Audirac, 2008; Bromley, Matthews, & Thomas, 2007). In 2001, Canada has around 3.4 million people suffering from various types of disabilities. Statistics Canada (2002)...
In Bangladesh, as elsewhere, many rural households are confronted with a regular seasonal period of stress. The occurrence of seasonal stress is usually related to the cropping cycles (food stocks from previous harvest are low, but current crop is not yet ready) or to seasonal fluctuations in the rural employment market. In Bangladesh the lean period is a commonly-recognized component phenomenon of food insecurity, and it is measured in terms of the specific months of the year that a household...
The purpose of this paper is to summarize and critique the article written by Colin Lindsay called ''In a Lonely Place? Social Networks, Job Seeking and the Experience of Long-Term Unemployment''. This article research is based on interviews conducted by 220 job seekers in Glasgow's two areas of highest unemployment and its aim is to discover whether ''long-term unemployed people in these areas struggle to access social networks for job search; and the extent to which long-term unemployment is...
Charles Murray was invited to England in 1990 to observe and discover if there was an underclass phenomenon in the United Kingdom similar to the one he had identified in the United States. The Sunday times published the results of his investigation on the 26th of November 1989, and later on it was republished by the conservative party committee of experts ( the Institute for Economic Affairs, IEA ) as the emerging British Underclass. In these documents Murray demonstrated that:...
The literature on exclusion particularly developed in Europe on the backdrop of contemporary issues of being deprived from government welfare services. The concerns were focused chiefly on social exclusion whereby economic agents were excluded either by active measures against them (eg. Immigrants being deprived of voting rights), or passively (policies that restricted individuals with certain characteristics to participate). The discourse on exclusion prevalent in the developing world is a...
An introduction to social policy The United Kingdom is a unitary state where the central government controls all the activities of government. Demographic changes in the society have strong implications on government policy as far as sound decision is concerned. These changes come in form of divorce rates, decline in marriage as the fundamental institution of society, rise in cohabitation and many others. In each administrative region we have a secretary of state and administrative departments...