This advocacy document aims to give people an awareness of what wetlands are and the problems they are facing both globally and in a Northern Ireland context. Most people don't truly understand the definition of wetlands and the importance they play. A wetland can be described as a body of land which is permanently or seasonally saturated with water. Wetlands are transitional environments, they can be still or flowing, fresh or salt, and can be to a depth of six meters at low tide. There are...
Pakistan Officially the Islamic republic of Pakistan, with co-ordinates of 32.0162 N, 71.6926E, is located in south Asia, just above the Tropic of Cancer. Sharing its borders with Iran, Afghanistan, China and India, It also benefits from 650 miles of Coastline neighbouring with the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is currently facing an energy crisis, where the demand due to economic growth has outpaced supply, leading to daily power cuts of up to 10 hours. This figure has increased from an average of 3...
Saline water can be made into freshwater, which everyone needs everyday. The process is called desalination, and it is being used more and more around the world to provide people with needed freshwater. Most of the United States has large supplies of fresh water for drinking purposes. But, fresh water can be in short supply in some parts of the country (and world). And, as the population continues to grow, shortages of fresh water will occur more often, if only in certain locations. In some...
Our global environment has been in decline for as long as any of us can remember, and has seemed for years that this was a train wreck waiting to happen. Technological developments and determination by some individuals and nations has shown that maybe it is not the lost cause that it at one point seemed. Although there are many things that are, have a negative impact on our environment going forward there are two that I particularly would like to focus on, these would be air pollution, and...
Asia and its various countries have considerable environmental issues which are cause for concern if not managed effectively. Most of these issues stem from the introduction of capitalism, which has meant rapid industrialisation at a pace difficult to keep up with. Environmental issues arising from capitalism are exploitation of land and natural resources, with devastating effects. Rapid population growth has seen an increase in air pollution and has also been a major issue in developing...
Currently the growing energy demands of the developing world and the climate change are posing major challenges for energy and environmental decision makers. It has been well documented that greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) have increased by almost a quarter in the past decade (Kerr, 2007). CO2 emissions especially, were projected to rise by 55% from 2005 (27 Gt) to 2030 (42 Gt) (see Figure 2.1). Therefore, it is important that steps have to be taken by government and industry in order this path...
The term "Bioenergy" is an broad term for all forms of biomass (i.e biodegradable matter from agricultural, foresty crops, waste and residues used as a source of renewable heat or energy generation), and liquid biofuels (i.e renewable transport fuels such as bioethanol and biodesiel produced from biomass). Biomass has been a major source of energy in the world since the beginning of civilization. It has been important in development processes, including early stages of...
The Gowanus Creek Canal is a canal in the Brooklyn, NY that was recently designated as a Superfund site by the Environmental Protection Agency. To get a full understanding of the complicated nature of this, I will give a full background of the Superfund as well as the Gowanus Creek Canal. What is the Superfund? According to the EPA, "Superfund is the federal government's program to clean up the nation's uncontrolled hazardous waste sites." [] Now the Superfund came about...
The word energy is derived from the Greek en (in) and ergon (work). The technical definition is that "Energy is the capacity, or ability, to do work"" (Boyle, G. -2004 , Pg-4). Renewable energy means "any naturally occurring, theoretically inexhaustible source of energy, as biomass, solar, wind, tidal, wave, and hydroelectric power, that is not derived from fossil or nuclear fuel" (Dictionary 2010). The essays talks about various aspects that contributed to evolution of...
The polluter pays principle does not really apply when concerned with long distance trans-boundary air pollutants. To what extent do you agree with this statement? Which pollutants are of most concern and why is this so? What could and is being done to remedy the situation. Your answer should take an international view and you should include as many sources and types of air pollutants, as you feel necessary. Give case study examples to illustrate your points. The following report covers the...