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Application of Computational Intelligence Techniques for Optimal Placement of FACTS Controllers in Large-Scale Emerging Power System Networks I.INTRODUCTION THE drive towards deregulated environment may result in simultaneous installation of different FACTS controllers in power system. These multiple FACTS controllers have the potential to interact with each other. This interaction may either deteriorate or enhance system stability depending upon the chosen controls and placement of FACTS...
Conservation of biodiversity is one of the prime objectives among the environmentalists, as forests habitats are being depleted at an unprecedented and alarming rate due to deforestation and other anthropogenic pressures. Depletion of forests has several ecological, social and economic consequences. An important aspect of conservation planning is the evaluation and selection of conservation areas using a set of criteria (Bibby, 1998). The planning process does not deny the conservation value of...
Answer: - Most of Europe's coal mines are on the verge of being shut down as they are not producing profit. The European Commission has decided to stop the subsidies to the non-profit generating coal mines at Europe (Tait, 2010). Even if the government is on the course of shutting down the coal mines, still there is hope for entrepreneurs who wish to dig up money from coal mines. What the Entrepreneurs' must bring in to consideration is that the cost of extraction and processing coal must be...
Presently natural disasters are one of the main problems that Asian countries are facing such as Bangladesh, Maldives, India, and Sri Lanka. The natural hazards mostly experienced in this country are: floods, landslides, drought and cyclones. Among those disasters, disaster due to landslides takes a major part of natural disasters Disasters due to landslides affects all segments of the community including individuals causing significant economic and social impacts such as severe damage to life...
The proposal is about exploring the different areas of Sustainability Development. From going to a lecture a couple of weeks ago, the tutor there told the group that he had been investigating sustainability. He explained how it could help to save the planet. The tutor set up a programme for all of the group and local community to take part called Green Week. After seeing a video on how plastic bottles are made grabbed my attention, as it was so shocking. Not knowing what the industries and the...
To make a change in the way commercial buildings are structured; and the way in which they are ergonomically designed takes commitment. Initially, there is only an interest in one's approach to transform these strategies into long-term positive changes to the building industry. However when one stakeholder is merely interested in such changes, they would undertake them only when circumstances could permit. When a stakeholder is committed to something, they accept no excuses, only results. Such...
This chapter presents the findings related to the survey carried out on people's awareness on the various issues concerning coal fly ash at L'Escalier near the Savannah Power Plant. Findings include qualitative data collected from personal interview with the people living near the Power plant as well as quantitative data collected though questionnaires.FIGURE 1: Are you aware that coal is used to generate electricity?From the first question, results show that 78% of the respondents were aware...
For instance, Silverman (2003) states that due to lack government support and guidance in proper waste managing, many nuclear power plants became radioactive waste storage sites, creating a potentially unsafe environment (para. 1). He also adds that former nuclear sites' cleanup issue is even a bigger problem, solving which would require many years and hundreds billions dollars (para. 2). This presentation introduces issues associated with radioactive waste disposal, as well as it explains what...
Nigerians, like many other Africans, believe that certain fruits like orange only grow in particular seasons. This cannot be any further from the truth. In developed countries, most if not all the fruits are available for consumption all year-round. The secret behind this availability of fruits is not so far-fetched. This write-up is focused on year-round orange production in rural Nigeria. Growing oranges demands the maintenance of certain climatic conditions like temperature and wind...
Auditing is a systematic process that involves the verification and evaluation against accepted standards. A few basic steps are needed to carry out this process. Before performing the audit, auditors start with planning to identify the areas of concern. Audit plan also includes the action and methods that will be undertaken. This is then followed by fieldwork in which the auditors obtain and gather supporting documentation in order to assess and analyze the evidence whether it is in...