The over increasing gap between supply of and energy is problem for many countries around the world. Governments are forced to examine different sources of energy in an attempt to create secure energy supply. The results of these examinations cover a large range of energy sources, not only traditional ones such as oil and gas, also nuclear-power and renewable resources. In addition governments are looking at increasing energy efficiency Because of the pressing need; there has also been a...
The Red river is the largest river in the north of Vietnam, its water resources reserve many social economic sectors in the delta plain at the downstream. The Red river delta (RRD) is characterized by multi complex hydraulic channels and a bar-built estuary system. During the recent years, salinity intrusion is one of the most important factors that constrict the usage of water especially in the dry season. The strong seasonal variation that characterizes water exchanges and tidal mixing can...
According to P.K. Goel in his book Water Pollution - Causes, Effects & Control, water is one of the most essential and valuable assets on earth (1). Approximately 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by water. Humans, animals and plants all need water to survive. Besides drinking water, water is used for cooking, washing clothes and utensils, flushing toilets, irrigation of the fields, etc. Unfortunately water is one of those natural resources that have been...
In response to the increasing threat of climate change, the worlds nations are in search of various ways to reduce their carbon footprint. Initiatives have focused on a variety of sectors, including the transportation sector which is the focus of the current research project. The Climate Change Act (2008) embarked upon a mission to reduce carbon emissions in the UK by 50% by the year 2050. This Act has prompted additional funding and increased research by the Department of Transport into...
Netherlands with a population of more than 16 million is categorised as the most densely populated country in Europe. It has 27% of its area below sea level, with high dependence on trade, navigational and port related activities. These special features, requires the country to judiciously manage its space, water systems, and environment. Netherlands is placed in the delta of the rivers Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems. These Rivers are harnessed for drinking water and agricultural use and...
Nowadays, an increasing number of the world's population and degradation of habitats have, cause the number of species has decreased until almost to extinction. As a result, the human more awareness and become in particularly attempting to preserve the populations endangered species (Crouse D. 1987). Over the last two decades is widely criticised about nature conservation which involve the topic of the way to preserve the biological diversity. Therefore, the Convention on Biological Diversity...
The whole world has experienced a lot of problems as a result of increased prices of fossils fuels and hence there are increased interests in biofuels in aviation industry. There are several benefits that are brought about by sustainable biofuels which include the environmental and aviation community safety. In order to be very certain on the type of biofuel to be used in aviation industry, it is of great importance to consider how each of the biofuels is used in aircrafts. The main objective...
Is An Offshore Multi-terminal HVDC Network North Sea SuperGrid Realisable / Feasible and What Are The Problems Associated. With the continual expansion of wide-spread renewable technologies being proposed or constructed, the need for investment into the development of the UK's national grid has brought about the debate of HVDC and the potential of a Europe wide supergrid. Scotland's First Minsiter, Sir Alex Salmond, has continued Scotland's fight against climate change and has set an ambitious...
Energy does things for us. It moves cars along the road and boats on the water. It bakes a cake in the oven and keeps ice frozen in the freezer. It plays our favorite songs and lights our homes at night so that we can read good books. Energy helps our bodies grow and our minds think. Energy is a changing, doing, moving, working thing. Energy is such type of heat which can be transferred from one body to another. or, Energy is defined as the ability to produce change or do work, and that work...
The demand for Sustainable Products continues to grow in an attempt to reduce the harmful impact on the environment. Many industries are placing increased emphasis on identifying environmental consequences prior to developing new products, processes or services and thus "sustainability" has become a strong driving force for innovation. For example, recent developments within the adhesive and sealant industries, have led to new environmentally friendly products. This article presents...