This report examines the concept and value of measuring and reducing a business or product carbon footprint as well some renewable energy systems available, that could contribute to Carbon reduction and energy efficiency. Guides and legislation already exist. In anticipation of future developments, regarding sustainable practices and strict mandatory requirements for organizations and businesses, it is important to take action. Finally, several renewable energy systems are presented and...
Organizations have made amazing success in developing ecological and social durability towards operations management and the supply chain. Companies in the overdue 1980's went beyond what was required in the regulation and went for a eco-friendly strategy in their functions systems. The objective of this research is to evaluate the literary works of the green supply chain management (GrSCM) over the last 20 years. The key styles that came out of the literary works are: natural functions,...
Over the last three decades, environmental issues have become a significant concern for all societies. With growing awareness of environmental issues, for instance, Air Pollution, Global Warming, Water Pollution and Ozone Depletion, sustainability has been gaining increasing attention in recent years. (Roy, R. 2000) As people become more aware of the environment, sustainability has captured the attentions of more designers, regardless of their specialism, and more designs are produced from...
Climate change due to global warming is a major environmental concern. If we accept that human beings and their industrial ways have contributed to global warming by causing a substantial rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels over past centuries, then if the global temperature continues to rise faster than ecological developments can adapt, future generations will bear the burden of many negative (and some positive) effects. Even though policy makers have become fixated on slashing carbon...
What negative effects do human activities have on Marine and Coastal resources from Addington Beach to Aliwal Shoal? The coastline of South Africa stretches for 3000km of which 80% consists of sandy beaches backed by low sand dunes. The focused areas of Addington Beach through to Aliwal Shoal, which contain diversity of fish and other species (including whales, seabirds and tunas), provide opportunities for economic and social activities including development opportunities, fishing, agriculture...
Medical Waste is becoming a huge problem in South Africa, particularly in KwaZulu-Natal. Studies have shown that approximately half of the medical waste generated in KwaZulu-Natal could not be accounted for which implies that it has been illegally dumped or burnt somewhere. The volume of medical waste generated is growing every day and this infectious waste can be both an environmental and a health hazard if disposed of incorrectly. Bad management of health care waste exposes workers, waste...
The Green Revolution (GR) started in the 1960s with the aim of increasing yields through high yielding variety (HYV) and modern variety (MV) seeds. As a result, rural farmers in developing countries were able to use these 'miracle seeds' to become self sufficient. With an increasing number of 'over one billion living on less than a dollar a day' (UNDP 2007) and a growing population predicted to reach '7.8 billion by 2025' (Wiebe 2003), one may question whether the GR had a significant impact on...
Throughout the entire history of mankind, the technological advancements that civilisations have made have always been tied in with the development of energy sources. The first human energy technology was fire, along with human labour as the major energy source. This has bee supplemented by animals for agriculture and transportation since at least the dawn of agriculture some 10,000 years ago. Wind and waterpower for milling grain have also been used nearly as long. The development of the steam...
Waste in the UK is a growing concern. The waste hierarchy aims to prevent, reuse, recycle/compost and recovery energy, but if none of these are possible then it is disposed of. Unfortunately this is what is happening to too much of the food waste in the UK. The UK currently produces around 8.6 million tonnes of household food waste each year, much of which is thrown away to decompose in landfills. (Wrap 2010) With the annual cost of waste at £10 million, It is not economically viable to...
Nowadays the world has encountered abundance of challenges such as terrorism, transnational crimes, environment issues and weapon mass destruction (WMD) proliferation. As a matter of fact, these issues cannot be solved by one state; in order to overcome these problems, international cooperation and increasing non-state capability are required. For me, the most anxiety and interesting challenge is environment issue especially climate change and global warming due to two...