Nowadays, it is evident that the environmental problem has become a top priority for most of the people who care about the future. Scientists, environmental organisations, governments, even citizens individually have taken initiatives in order to reverse the current environmental situation which is a daily threat for the humanity and next generations. In Hellas, the office buildings sector is an important factor which contributes to the deterioration of the environment through the excessive...
Government intervention is definitely necessary in dealing with crucial worldly issues such as the global warming. The European Union and other countries have begun programs to promote limiting greenhouse gases, using carbon permits as well as regulations that will ultimately lead to even higher energy prices in Europe. The United States is also taking a leading role in addressing climate change by advancing many national as well as global measurements. For example, a number of U.S. agencies...
This research paper aims to assess the past and present condition of the River Etherow, a river to the east of Manchester based on its water quality and biota count. Discussing surface waters classifications, there are 2 types of water bodies. They are ecological and chemical. For a water body to be able to be named as having water in 'good' status, its ecological and chemical status should meet the requirements of being in 'good' condition. Found in the literature review of this paper is an...
The estuaries of Kachemak Bay and Yaquina Bay , as described and compared in this assignment, are two very different bodies of water which cover various topics. One topic of concern is the lack of biological diversity in Yaquina Bay, as pollution and the carbon footprint of "man" in the area heavily influences and restricts organic development. This problem remains as an area of little concern in Kachemak Bay, as human development there is less domineering. Kachemak Bay is also...
Resource consumption by humans continues to proceed at arguably unsustainable levels. In recent times, worldwide consumption of non-renewable fossil fuel reserves has increased drastically (U.S. Energy Information Administration; http://www.eia.gov/; Figure 1). With high rates of consumption anticipated and an ever-increasing population, a great challenge will be meeting the growing demand for energy for transportation, heating and industrial processes, and providing the raw material for the...
Groundwater is a regenerated phenomenon. Its circumstance from long time ago began to become worse and even worst because of people greediness and ignorance. We, group one, attempted strenuously to design this report to accomplish our only purpose which is for our mates to awake their sleeping instinct and make them aware of the importance of the groundwater for the environment and even for us. From antiquity, water especially water from underground has been utilized for irrigation and...
With reference to the available international literature, it can be concluded that most of the SEA practice was carried out at Programme and Plans level, where instead EIA procedures could have been easily and enthusiastically applied. In this context the role of SEA can be stated as EIA expansion for making easy the process of strategic decisions. Nevertheless, there are some experiences of 'Advanced - Policy Level' especially for 'Nationalized Policies' which majorly are privileged by...
During recent years, the deterioration of riverine system by heavy metals has become a problem of growing concern promoting an urgency to understand trophic interactions and material flow within this ecosystem is prominent. Metals enter in river from both natural and anthropogenic sources and become part of the water-sediment system. The uncontrolled developments have worsened the impacts of pollution leading to the deterioration of river quality and also public health risks. Thus the release...
The Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR) is developed for Mobile ad hoc networks. It operates as a table driven, proactive Protocol, i.e., exchanges topology information with other nodes of the network regularly. Each node selects a set of its neighbor nodes as "multipoint relays" (MPR).In OLSR, only nodes, selected as such MPRs, are responsible for forwarding control traffic, intended for diffusion into the entire network. MPRs provide an efficient mechanism for flooding...
There have been many researches have shown that climate change have significant impacts to the agriculture sector. The climate change tends to reduce the agriculture production, export of agriculture products and also country's GDP. Although there are many researchers agree that negative impacts of climate change on agriculture sector, there is also some researchers state their opinion about the climate change do benefit the production of agriculture.2.1 Review on study about the impacts of the...