With the current process of urbanisation in the Gulf Corporation Council Countries , significant changes occur in their landscape. Such a process can lead to an increase in the temperature of urban regions to become warmer than their rural surroundings, forming islands of higher temperatures. Within this context, some sources have shown that centres of urban regions in hot climate similar to that of the GCCC experience elevated temperatures within the range of 2-4 °C when compared to their...
When toxic substances enter lakes, streams, rivers, oceans, and other water bodies, they get dissolved or lie suspended in water or get deposited on the bed. This results in the pollution of water whereby the quality of the water deteriorates, affecting aquatic ecosystems. Pollutants can also seep down and affect the groundwater deposits. Water pollution has many sources. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers. The facilities to treat...
The following case study on the Three Gorges Dam illustrates the pros and cons of concrete gravity dam construction and is an excellent complement to the material discussed in the technical paper. China's Three Gorges Dam (TGD) is the largest power generating plant in the world. The TGD is a hydroelectric concrete gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River, in Hubei province.5 It is located in the Xilingxia gorge which is one of the three gorges of this river.5 Costing a total of over 30 billion...
Indicators are useful to simplify and determine the status and tendency (prediction) of complex processes such as desertification. Moreover, they as easy synthetic information in GIS determine the spatial distribution of the affected lands by human activity (causes) or environmental conditions (effects). Indicators for desertification are the various causal factor involved in soil and land degradation including erosion, sedimentation, land use changes, the abuse of pastureland, the destruction...
Environment generally refers to the space around the man and the total influence and the strength outside that play critical role in human, that is to say that it is everything human beings face in daily life. Resource is involved in the material elements of the process of material production. It includes both natural and socio-economic resources, often focusing on natural resources most. Natural resources are often regarded as materials and energy that can be gained in the natural world and...
An ENVIRONMENTAL Impact Assessment is a way by which we can assess different factors such as impact of environmental health of human, ecological health and associated risk with it and existence of changes in services of nature in particular projects. In modern environment, modern city is large player for the secondary sector of the today's economy. In this environment, manufacturing and production amenities are able to provide require commodities and with this it is also able to generate...
In 1948 congress set up the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project, paving the way for the Everglades Forever Act later created in 1994. This project was created to protect wildlife and fish of the Everglades. It also provided a water supply and prevented saltwater from infusing into the area. The Everglades Forever Act (EFA), as you know, is a law passed in Florida in 1994 and later amended in 2003. It promotes Everglades' restoration and protection for issues of water quality,...
Over the last three decades, environmental issues have become a significant concern for all societies. With growing awareness of environmental issues, for instance, Air Pollution, Global Warming, Water Pollution and Ozone Depletion, sustainability has been gaining increasing attention in recent years. (Roy, R. 2000) As people become more aware of the environment, sustainability has captured the attentions of more designers, regardless of their specialism, and more designs are produced from...
We, the Green Environment Society wishes to propose an idea of building a block of building with green concept. The club starts at 2009 with the collaboration with Malaysia Green Building Confederation (MGBC), with the support of our college principal, Dr Tan Chik Heok. The club is devoted to make the college a greener, comfortable, environment friendly place for students to study. With this proposal I hope that the college can give full cooperation with the club in making it possible. I...
I chose alternative energy as my topic because I read a report on January of 2010 on this topic. The report demonstrates the energy situation and greenhouse emission in Victoria. I am a science student and very interested in alternative energy. I was wondering if we can use alternative energy such as wind power in Victoria. My aim of the research project is to find out the information and inform others, so an expository approach should be a good option. My focus would be "what place is...