In wake of global climatic changes, the developing countries like Pakistan will face the brunt because of their socio-economic characteristics and heavy reliance on agriculture. As climate change will affect the agricultural productivity, Pakistan needs to adopt a policy which will ensure the sustenance of 180 million people. As part of adaptation strategy, there is a need of climate smart agriculture which comprises of IWM (integrated water management), GMO's (Genetically Modified Organisms),...
An acquisition or takeover is the purchase by one company of controlling interest in the share capital, or all or substantially all of the assets and/or liabilities, of another company. A takeover may be friendly or hostile, depending on the offer or company's approach, and may be effected through agreements between the offer or and the majority shareholders, purchase of shares from the open market, or by making an offer for acquisition of the offer's shares to the entire body of shareholders....
Introduction Environmental degradation and depletion of resources are alarmingly increasing in developing countries due to lack effective legislations, non-compliance of international standards in ship breaking process. It is manifested mainly by pollution, deforestation, destruction of wetlands, depletion of soil nutrients, etc. In Bangladesh, both rapid population growth and a degraded environment create serious threats to the economic development. This leads to other serious problems such as...
Participation can be defined as the involvement and the right in the decision making process by those individuals who are affected by the decision. As a process, it seeks out the input from its participants in a meaningful way by recognizing and communicating the needs and interests of all participants. However, the marginalization or the exclusion of certain groups that are most imparted by the decision is a reality. These groups tend to be the most impacted, vulnerable and the least...
The increasing global energy demand and fossil fuel prices have stimulated countries to reduce energy consumption and exploit renewable energy sources. Additionally, environmental problems caused by mass consumption of fossil fuels (e.g., global warming and acid rain), provides reason for concern. Renewable energy (RE) such as solar and wind provide a good alternative source of energy for overcoming these problems due to their safety and positive contribution to the global environment and their...
Soil degradation means soil may deteriorate either by physical movement of soil particles from a given site or by depletion of the water soluble elements in the soil. Soil provides living things with fibers, food, energy and food. It holds wildlife, rural and urban activities. Overgrazing, deforestation and inappropriate agricultural practices increased the rate of soil degradation. There are 3 types of degradation. Human activity is the main cause of degradation. A large part in soil...
Throughout the 19th century, water resources became limited and the need on water increasing with the over large population, so the world started looking for new sources of water and take care of useless water. Groundwater considered as an important clean water source although there are polluted and contaminated, but the most important and toxic impurity is nitrate, which can cause serious risks on human health. Nitrate concentration have been increasing quickly in groundwater due to mixture of...
There have been numerous perspectives on CSR for example CSR has been described as obligatory charitable giving, strategic philanthropy, community involvement, or cause-related marketing. Despite these, none of them holistically define CSR. Blomqvist and Posner (2004) define CSR as follows: CSR involves doing business in a responsible fashion that delivers value not only to the organization, but also to its stakeholders and the community within which it operates. According to them CSR covers...
Zanzibar is part of United Republic of Tanzania comprises mainly of Unguja and Pemba islands with human population of about 1,000,000 people. Unguja Island covers an area of 1,666 square kilometers and Pemba Island covers an area of 988 square kilometers giving a total land area of 2,654 square kilometers. Zanzibar is located at approximately 50km off the coastal line of Mainland Tanzania. The agriculture (including livestock) sector contributed 27.3 percent of the total GDP (OCGS, 2007)....
The object of this project is to gain a more a holistic and deep understanding of the Legal and Regulatory framework governing Land Pollution in India By looking into the origin of Environment we understand how the society till date has shaped and what is the Causes and Effects of Land Pollution and what contribution the Law has given . Another very important object of this project is to understand what the need of Environmental Law in the society was. The method of research adopted is...