The presented case study in this report was published by Innova Soil Technology for remediation process of "a small section of the 8ha site" at 917 Princes Highway, Springvale Victoria. The site found to be contaminated with hydrocarbons known as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The procedures followed in this report stared by site characteristics involved site characterisation methodology which includes preliminary assessment, exploratory site investigation, and detailed site...
For years, regions on the coast of Peru noticed a strange feature bordering them in the Pacific Ocean. This region of tropical yet comparatively cool water is host to one of the world's most fruitful fisheries and a substantial bird population. In the first months of each year, a warm southward current usually adapted the fresh waters. But every five or so years, this warming started early (in December), was far stronger, and lasted as long as a year or two. Torrential rains fell on the arid...
energy is used to do work and make all movements. When food is taken into our bodies it transforms the food into energy to do work. While running or walking or doing some work, energy burns in our bodies. Cars, planes, trolleys, boats, and machinery also transform energy into work. Work means moving or lifting something, warming or lighting something. There are many sources of energy that help to run the various machines invented by man. The history of mankind has always been characterized by...
One of the universal goals set by man is to have good health for all population. It has become an international aim and we can state that there have been broad improvements in life expectancy over the past century. However, health inequalities between rich and poor persist, while the prospects for future health depend increasingly on the relative new processes of globalisation. Globalisation is causing profound and complex changes in the very nature of our society, bringing new opportunities as...
With technical and monetary support from the Asian Development Bank the Forest Policy of 1994 was formulated, highlighted preservation and management of trees outside of selected forests through a participatory approach with local people. The most important phases of the policy comprised encouragement of the communities and local groups for growing trees along roads, stream banks and marginal lands and National assistance for all types of local forestry and forestry-related industries. By...
Identification and discussion of issues (usually in the form of valued assets or problematic environmental change) is an important element of the broader policy process, and precedes the translation of these concerns into tractable policy problems. Another critical element and linkage in environment and sustainability policy is for the reiteration between issues and problems and responses through environmental policy monitoring, whereby understanding of issues will change over time, as will our...
As in many parts of the tropics natural resources in general and particularly forests in Kenya are under severe threats. Rising demand for agricultural and timber production is putting pressure on the country's forest resources. The other main central reason for this loss is that land users typically receive no compensation for the environmental services they generate for others. The loss of forests has been accompanied by a loss of many valuable services that forests provide such as carbon...
The most important element in this world is energy. There are many types of energies in this universe. The energy can neither be crested nor destroyed but can be transferred from one form to another form. Energy is used every where in every thing in our daily routine. From lighting, heating, cooking etc every where energy is used. Every where different forms of energy is used. For lighting electrical energy for cooking and hating gas is used, etc. We use renewable and non renewable energies in...
In today's world firms have increased the amount of resources allocated to Social Responsibility activities. CSR emerged from the realization that corporations need to account for their activities which affect the society. This is not only limited to human rights, or labour practices but firms also need to be responsible for the environment they use for their production. One cannot determine the success of the business by how much monetary profit it makes, but today success has a different...
The birth of chemical kinetics often is taken to have occurred in 1850, when the German chemist Ludwig Ferdinand Wilhemly studied the rate of inversion of sucrose. This pioneering work is of special significance as being the first in which a quantitative approach was made to reaction rates. Chemical kinetics deals with the rate of chemical reactions and with how the rate depends on the factors such as concentration and temperature. Such studies are important in providing essential evidence as...