The predicted climate resulting from a Nuclear War is termed Nuclear Winter. Scientists predict the detonation of nuclear arsenals would result in colder weather and reduced sunlight on Earth for years. This poster will be limited to explaining the general consequences of a Nuclear Winter and how to survive them as the severity of a Nuclear Winter is dependent upon the scale of the nuclear conflict. See Figure 1 for details of nuclear arsenals. Direct Environmental consequences: The release of...
As world populations grow, many societies struggle to allocate sufficient resources such as plants, animals and fishes to meet human basic needs which are vital for survival and good health. Our nutritional status, health, physical and mental faculties depend on the food we eat and how we eat it (FAO of the United Nation, 2005). Many societies are challenged to provide good quality food. Safety of food is a basic requirement of food quality which implies that food for consumption must be safe...
Over the last three decades, environmental issues have become a significant concern for all societies. With growing awareness of environmental issues, for instance, Air Pollution, Global Warming, Water Pollution and Ozone Depletion, sustainability has been gaining increasing attention in recent years. (Roy, R. 2000) However, according to Tseng, M. et al. (2012), currently it is generally not sustainable that models of consumption and the Manufacturing systems which based on traditional...
The parameter of climate sensitivity is a measure of the increase in Global Mean Surface Temperature (GMST) that would result when the system settles into a new equilibrium following a doubling in the level of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere. Climate models can be used to measure the climate sensitivity by determining the GMST at different levels of carbon dioxide. The model is run twice, once at pre-industrialised level of carbon dioxide concentration, and once at a level of carbon dioxide...
As we are all aware an increase in industrialisation and human activity over the past century may have inevitably set in motion the changes in the stability of the natural climate. These human activities such as industrial manufacturing, agriculture and transportation are increasing the levels of carbon dioxide, and methane also commonly known as the 'significant' greenhouse gases in our atmosphere (Patz, Holloway, Foley, & Campbell-Lendrum, 2005). The resulting effect is the heating up of...
Evapotranspiration is a result of combined water loss to atmosphere by evaporation from soil, and intercepted water on plant leaves as well as transpiration from plants. Over interannual time periods and for small catchments the effect of vegetation leads to a deviation from the Budyko 'steady state' model. Calculating the change in moisture storage due to plant roots and leaves allows for the direct incorporation of land-use change into an evapotranspiration model. The approach used the...
This chapter contains a brief review of the relevant literature pertaining to chlorinated solvent and uranium contamination and remediation. The first section details the causes and scope of chlorinated solvent contamination. The next section describes the microbial populations and metabolic pathways involved in the detoxification of chlorinated compounds. The third section includes discussions of the application of bioremediation at contaminated sites, the potential for coupling...
To review and analysis the implementation of the producer responsibility scheme in South Korea, Sweden and United States (Maine), for making recommendations for the future adoption of producer responsibility scheme in Hong Kong on e-waste management. ABSTRACT Hong Kong is well known as the hub of the newest technology and electronic products. While many Hong Kong people are fascinated by the latest models of mobile phones, computers and advanced technologies, the management of electrical and...
Method and procedures that were used during the research were Survey and Case study methods. A multi methods strategy was conducted in this report. Especially triangulation method, interview and survey results can show the some aspects of the research, there is also the usage of primary sources such books about Wind energy, Wind power development, construction of wind farms, different journals and articles about Renewable sources of energy. During the questionnaires, some answers from public...
Floods are inevitable natural phenomena that cause severe damage in terms of lives, natural resources, the economy, and health. On the international level, flooding accounts for 40 percent of disasters worldwide and causes 26 percent of disaster-related mortalities (Whiteman, 2004). Aside from environmental impacts, the social impacts of flooding in communities around the world are common among several countries such as economic impacts, impacts on physical health, psychological health, impacts...