Red Figure Vase Is About Sarpedon
Death of Sarpedon is a vase from archaic period with red-figure decorations painted on the outside of the vase. The creator of this vase was Euphronios he is one of the best artists that specializes in red-figure technique. The image portrayed on this vase is of a storyline that covers around the whole entire vase. The vase has handles that curve up like hands that are cupped it isn't attached from top to middle like most vases this vase was used as a calyx krater which meant that it was used to mix wine and hold water in it.The storyline of this red-figure vase is about "Sarpedon, a son of Paroclus while fighting the Trojans. Euphronios shows the winged figures of Hypnos and Thanatos carrying the dead warrior from the battlefield, and early use of personification.
Watching over the scene is Hermes, the messenger of gods, identified by his winged hat and caduceus, a staff with coiled snakes. Hermes is there in another important role, as the guide who leads the dead to the underworld." (Stokstad pg 127) Vases are usually decorated with humans that are in battle with someone related to a God.The designer Euxitheos has an interesting way of shaping the pottery that can fit Euphronios storyline that is portrayed on the vase. Notice the two body guards at the end of both sides with the spear, it seems like the spear is the borderline of the storyline that right in between those is the happening that is meant to be seen. The injured person is the main focus of the story and it seems that on the vase he is stretched and his body figure is longer to show that he is the main character that catches everyone's attention.
Euphronios captured great detail on the painting by showing every piece of clothing, movement, and wings he also created foreshortening the people's body movements.In Ancient Greece there was either red-figure or black-figure vase Amphora with Scene from "The Iliad" is a black-figure vase from the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. This vase has thin handles that are attached from the top rim of the pot to the middle it looks like the handles curve at the top and drops inwards to the pottery and this vase has a white base as the background of the image with black paintings instead of some other vases that are the reverse.
This type of pottery seems like it can be used for liquid in the Ancient times but in modern times it would be great for holding flowers if it wasn't an antique.The art that is drawn on this pottery is scenes of The Iliad which is a Greek epic poem describing the siege of Troy also people remember it by defining it as the greatest war heroic of the Ancient Greece. "The Greek hero Achilles and the Trojan hero Hector engage in face-to-face battle. Both wear menacing Corinthian helmets. They hold shields on their left arms and wield spears in their right hands.
Paris, the Trojan prince who started the war by abducting the beautiful Helen, flees from the battlefield. He wears Eastern dress and carries a quiver of the arrows which would eventually cause the death of Achilles." (MFAH Art) Ancient Greece believed in Greek Mythology like Zeus and Medusa but they are also very detailed with stories that give great visual to them. People who lived in Ancient Greece believed in it and have thought all the mythology is true because stories start to blend in with real life like adding Trojans to the stories to make it seem realistic.This vase show great detail especially for a black-figure vase instead of it being outlined in black it was outlined with white. The Trojans are drawn near the top of the vase giving it a pattern at the bottom of the vase and it looks like the Trojans are floating on the vase.
The handles show signs of it being used but no signs of it being chipped or dented the vase seems to be well kept and preserved it is starting to be common for vases to be well kept because it was mainly used for one thing which was holding liquid in them. The artist placed the two warriors back to back to show that they have collided in war and that the battle has started and their legs show movement of running towards each other.Another example of a black-figure pottery is the "Belly amphora of Group E, potted by Exekias. Herakles fights Geryon" (Boardman pg. 79) the art on the vase shows three warriors against one and one injured on the floor. Exekias arts on the pottery are mostly about Herakles was the hero warrior that fights for the good.
All of these potteries are shaped the same the handles are small and there placed at the top of the vase the pottery seems like it can hold small things such as sand or medium amount of water. Exekias shows great detail on the shield and hand movements that shows the man directing his hand with the sword towards the enemy. Yet again another vase that has a white background for as the pottery is white with black painting on it with unique borders at the top and bottom vase also around the handles of the vase.Continuing with black-figure pottery another good pottery to mention is 'Band cup with hoplites' but this time it has a stand at the bottom of the bowl type vase that hold it up.
Also this time it doesn't have a white background pottery it has an orange-brown background with black painting on it. The art on the vase is "the hoplites, wearing Corinthian helmets with breastplates and cnemides, are immobilized in the movement of attack with lances at ready. They are differentiated by the armor placed over the short chiton." On this vase the picture isn't large its small strip of storyline. The walls are thicker which makes it less breakable and the handles are thick that are aligned at the same side and it curves up.
This vase is wide enough to hold water into it to rinse the hands for leaders before they do anything since they didn't have faucets back in the day.Last pottery on black-figure vase for now that will be mentioned is 'Odysseus and Kirke and attic black-figure cup'. This pottery has chips and a scrapped part where part of the art is missing this type of pottery seems like it can be used for drinking out of it. On the middle of the cup has an image of Kirke "in the act of giving her potion to one of the companions. This companion has a human body but a boar's head; all his fellows as well appear to be partially transformed into animals.
Only two men show no sign of transformation: one is rushing in to the scene from the left, with a drawn sword: it must be Odysseus; the other is fleeing to the right: it can be none else but Eurylochos." (Marconi pg. 87) it's fascinating how Greeks mix animals with humans as a figure and there is a pattern that goes around the bottom of the bowl and around the handles of it. The cup has a stand at the bottom of it to hold it up and the handles don't loop there flat and extends out with a curve at the tip of it to prevent it from slipping.Enough about black-figure vases for now this time it's going to be about red-figure vases. 'Attic red-figure kylix exterior' is a medium size vase with a small stand at the bottom of the bowl shaped vase.
The art on the vase has four ionic columns dividing the image around it into two stories. "One side has three spinners, one seated between two standing, all in chiton and mantle, all wearing snoods. The other side shows a youth putting on armor. There are greaves on his legs and he fastens his corselet, white another beardless man dressed only in a mantle, stands ready to hand him helmet and shield." (Ferrari pg.
90) This vase has a large image on it which is from top to bottom and have very little pattern designs on it like how most vases do have patterns on it. The handles on it also align and it cups upwards with thick handles and seems very think and not so much fragile. This pottery can be used for fruits and water judging from the shape of the pottery that it is wide enough to have more than one hand goes into the bowl.This particular red-figure pottery has handles near the bottom of the bowl instead of the middle or at the top and it is the vase of 'Calyx Krater with Herakles Wrestling with Antaeus' designed by Euphronios. The vase has thick handles that loops and the ends of the handles are aligned also the handle curves upwards.
The image portrayed on it is Calyx fighting with Herakles and there are three other people in the background the three in the background could either be trying to stop the fight or judge it. The hand movement of the three has one hand stretched out towards the fight which could mean anything just by looking at it. "Euphronios was the first Red-figure painter to exploit the new technique, and though his extant output is rather small, his influence on the next generation of artists was pervasive.
His amply proportioned figures, large-scale compositions and technical brilliance opened up an entirely new approach to the decoration of Greek vases." (oxfordartonline) Euphronios is well known for his artistic background on vases and images that he portrays.The vase 'Calyx- depicting Herakles, Theseus, and Perithous in Hades' is also similar to the vase of 'Calyx Krater with Herakles' this vase is a red-figure with handles near the bottom of the bowl and this bowl is used for mixing wine and water. "This vase illustrates Herakles' final and certainly most difficult labor-fetching Kerberos, the three-headed watchdog of the Greek Underworld. In the upper zone, Herakles and his guide Hermes stand beside Theseus and Perithous, both of whom were punished for attempting to carry off Persephone, the wife of Hades.
Hades, ruler of the Underworld, is shown behind Perithous." (metmuseum.org) The vase is large that the top portion of it flares out and the vase seems like it is made to be thick and unbreakable. The image on it has more than five people around it and it all connects to one story line. The vase has a thick base at the bottom to hold the cup up and there are no designs on the handles and below the handles.All of the vases mentioned all have different shapes and purpose for its usage. But they all have one similar thing which is the pictures drawn on them all have a storyline and people on them. They all at least had a certain pattern on them as well to fill up space and make the vases decorative.
The only reason why the storylines of the vases were mentioned was to show what the Ancient Greek believed in. They all also had unique storyline which are somewhat similar because they all had a Greek god or goddess in them or a Trojan hero. Each pottery had specific detail on the art and pattern which showed every detailed visual of what is happening on them.
Vases come in all different shape, sizes, and color. Ancient Greece was comfortable enough to portray nudity and also show masculinity by putting at least one heroic person in it or a superior being and Greeks had strong beliefs in the Gods.
Article name: Red Figure Vase Is About Sarpedon essay, research paper, dissertation