The Defensibility And Validity Of God Philosophy
God generally refers to one supreme, holy universal power with the divine harmony of eventual goodness and of ultimate veracity. The question of the existence of a divinity in this universe is one that has been asked for ages and probably will be asked until when there is man on earth. The perception of a greater power than us is conceptual and therefore lacks tangible proofs. The existence of God led to the hunt of knowledge for many philosophers and various arguments have been derived by various
Philosophers. Most of the streams of philosophy try to convince a non-believer about the defensibility and validity of God. Platonism, Naturalism, Aristotelianism, realism, empiricism and rationalism are major knowledge streams on philosophy. But still it is a very individual and personal decision, as to whether one chooses to believe or not.
Among the different knowledge streams on philosophy, Aristotelianism is one which evoked new thoughts and concepts ever since it originated. Aristotelianism is the philosophy of Aristotle and of those later philosophical movements based on his thought. It is a philosophical tradition that takes its significant inspiration from the work of Aristotle. Since Aristotle's death in 322 B.C, philosophers are continuing their studies and have cultivated the study of his works and adopted and expanded on his principles and ways. Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas developed a blend of Aristotelian ideas with Christian doctrines, which became vital to Roman Catholic theology. Aquinas was a dedicated follower of Aristotle. He combined the science and philosophy of Aristotle with the revealed truths of Christianity. Holding that Aristotelianism is true but is not the whole truth, he reconciled the philosophy of Aristotle with the truth of Christian revelation.
According to Aquinas, philosophy and theology do not challenge one another, instead they play harmonizing roles in the pursuit of truth. Faith does not contradict nature, human knowledge, or science. Philosophy proceeds from principles discovered by human reason and theology derive from convincing revelation. Philosophy and religion are equally valid whereas reason and faith cooperate in advancing the discovery of truth. Aquinas describes natural law in metaphysical and theological terms and explains that natural law and human nature can be understood as products of God's wisdom. God governs the world as the universal first cause, it follows that human acts are ideal only when they promote God's purposes. His organic, metaphysical and theological creation regards what is true and good about men as they are related to God.
Another important stream of philosophy is Naturalism. Naturalistic evolution is consistent with the existence of 'God' only if by that term it is meant no more than a first cause which retires from further activity after establishing the laws of nature and setting the natural mechanism in motion. Robert Audi defines naturalism, broadly interpreted, as "the view that nature is all there is and all basic truths are truths of nature" (Audi 1996, p. 372). Rem B. Edwards offers a similar definition "The naturalist is one who affirms that only nature exists and by implication that the supernatural does not exist". In ethics, naturalism is a form of moral realism which argues that ethical properties are objective in virtue of being identical to natural properties, where they are simply the properties studied by various sciences. In metaphysics, naturalism typically takes a form of materialism or physicalism.
Naturalism is the philosophy of religion, where other basic metaphysical and epistemological issues will arise. Naturalism in this domain is the contrast of supernaturalism. The defense of naturalism will rest on an argument which contends that the lack of uncontroversial evidence for prospective instances of supernatural existences provides strong inductive grounds for taking naturalism to be true. Naturalism in the weaker sense maintains that every caused event within nature has a natural cause. In other words, naturalism at least demands that supernatural causes of events within the natural world do not exist. This weaker definition is more desirable because it leaves open the possibility that non natural realms exist. Thus while naturalists deny the existence of genuine instances of supernatural causation, super naturalists affirm the existence of such instances. In conclusion, a naturalistic worldview is one that has no supernatural or spiritual element to it. The universe is all we can hope to recognize and there is no undeniable reason to hypothesize a supernatural world beyond the natural world.
Even the naturalists agree that there may be elements or forces in nature that are not understood. They argue that there is nothing that requires magical thinking or superstitious positing of magnificent beings to account for them. But still a defendant can say that these elements are not explicable naturally.
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