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Electoral College Process In Presidential Elections Politics

Essay add: 29-10-2015, 10:29   /   Views: 276

The presidential election is the most important election in our country. It is the only election in which the entire nation participates. The problem is the voters do not actually determine who wins. Unfortunately many Americans do not realize that someone else determines who wins the election. This is a terrible election system and should be updated to allow the people's vote to count. The only fair way of electing a president or vice president is by direct election. Every single vote affects the outcome of the election and the candidate with the most votes wins. This would improve voter turnout and ensure that the candidate with the greatest public support wins the election (Rich & Newton, 2009). This group of electors, become the Electoral College, which is a controversial process established by the founders of the U.S. Constitution, for presidential elections. At the time, politicians thought a popular election was too reckless, while others objected to giving Congress the power to elect the president. The compromise was the Electoral College which, allowed the voters to vote for the electors. The electors would cast their votes for the candidate (Kimberling, 2008).

Electors are chosen according to state law and the rules of each political party. Political parties generally nominate electors at their state party conventions and voters in each state choose the electors on the day of the general election. In many cases the electors' names may or may not be on the ballot along side of the name of the candidate running for president. This prevents the voter from knowing who represents them politically (Kimberling, 2008).

Every state has two electors in the State Senate and depending on the population of the state, a certain number from the House of Representatives. The elector's vote for the candidate who has received the most votes, the majority of the time. However, there are times when they have voted against the popular vote, which is completely legal.

Greenberg & Page (2011) states this happened in the past:

Such a result has occurred three times: in 1876, when Rutherford Hayes defeated Samuel Tiden; in 1888, when Benjamin

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