The Foundation That Is Political Culture Politics

Essay add: 30-03-2016, 12:17   /   Views: 3

Political culture is seen as the foundation of all political activities or at least as a factor which determines the character, specific features and the level of the development of the political activity. The concept „ political culture " encloses the historical experience, recollection, social development of the communities and individuals in the policy. In every development of the political culture of a community individuals and her abilities have to influence her orientation and her qualities the political behavior played.

Political culture of people is formed for decades even for centuries. It is the result of the objective knowledge of the political processes and the belonging to it conclusions. Purposeful activities of a community and their institutions also belong to the bases of the political culture. Especially the executives have have big responsibility for her actions i.e. the said must be also kept.

In this housework I deal with the draft of the political culture.

The draft of the political culture

Concept " political culture " is one of the most important categories of the political science. It shows clearly that the traditions of the society of the mind of her social, and political institutions, the emotions and the collective knowledge of her members, as well as style and existing behavioral codes of her leaders, this is no chance, products of the history, but with each other linked parts of a whole picture of the really existing chain of relations.

The concept itself appeared only XVII centuries of a German philosopher Johann Herder.

The concept „ political culture " in the sense in which he is used now in the modern policy science was introduced in 1956 by Gabriel Almond (1911). Gabriel Almond defines the concept „ political culture " as a subjective change of the social bases of the political system i.e. the totality of individual positions and orientations of the participants of the system, like subjective sphere which lies as a basis of political trade and carries a sense in itself.

The specific feature of the political culture consists in the fact that it does not limit herself to the policy or political processes. Although the political culture has no real contents, nevertheless, it is an objective fact which did not eat as internal Widerspiegelung of the qualities of the political process after points, sonder is an organic part. The part is integrated within the scope of the existing political relations and systems of the social activities. Political culture is a description of the procedure which serves for the existence of a nation, a group or an individual as a subject of the political process.

Political culture deals not only with political behavior of the people, however, also them their behavior steers as an example for this would be that is dependent on political culture as the population of a land this and that will solve conflict. Main-essentially it is about it in which way will act.

The political culture of a land determines how actually the political system of the land functions. The political culture contributes either to stability of the political system, or like soil erosion it slowly destroys.

Meaning of the " political culture "

Political culture has her own tempo and dynamism of the education which agree not necessarily with changes in the economic and social nature. Naturally these changes contribute a certain influence to it. We can observe this process everything in many lands where the natural rhythm of the cultural changes in desired rhythm is dragged. Nowadays the development of the political culture is very important. The political culture has a strong influence on political science and practise. The political culture as a row of the signs a society helps to identify what happens in the policy.

As a rule the political culture determines the rules of the political behavior.

The contents of the political culture base themselves on images of a person who has formed of the people during his education, about the political power. If the person goes out from his images, therefore he has developed his own style of his behavior in the policy. The style reflects the stable signs of the character.

The person still meets the decisions by which his intentions with his actions agree. This proves an internal contradictoriness which leaves her tracks in the political life of the society, compared with the political culture. However, these contradictions support at the same time active and passive forms of the participation of every member of the society.

The political culture can hold back one not only by this of a person identify, sonder, however, also by the behavior of the citizens. The government of a land tries to get always the loyalty of the citizens to own policy. The state gives special meanings of the attributes which expel stateness, e.g., flag, coat of arms and hymn. He settles norms and structures of the communication. Thus the political culture inclines to unite the society and to guarantee stable relations of the power élite and the remaining society.

The political culture is not always developed. The rules and regulations are not supported by all groups of the society. That happens primarily where the interaction is the power where the fundamental rights of the person are injured. In such relations the respect also changes between the citizens and the authority. As examples of XX centuries for this would be fascistic, racist movements and the terrorism.

From it it can be closed that it is impossible, for all citizens who take part in the policy her relations according to the pattern rules of the political culture build. Only, so, the actual possibilities of the political culture are different. On the whole the political culture is no universal political phenomenon which goes by all phases and steps of the political process.

The functions of the political culture

Political culture is like a chain of the phenomena, they an influence on the political process and on the dynamism of the changes in the state power. Belong to the functions:

Identification is a necessity of the people to understand of which group zugehören, identification of satisfactory means of the participation in the support of the interests of the concerning community.

Adaptation is the necessity for the adaptation to the changed political environment.

Sozialisation is the acquisition of the certain abilities and qualities by the realization of the middle-class rights, political tasks and interests.

Integration offers the possibility to existence of the different groups within a political system, so that the integrity of the state is granted.

Communication makes sure that all state institutions and subjects have interaction on the basis of the in general approved terminology, to symbols and other media.

Orientation characterized Washing of the person for the semantic allocation of the political phenomena and wish to the understanding of own abilities to realize the rights and freedoms in a political system.

Requirement expresses the priority of certain orientation, norms and convictions, therefore the borders and a certain direction are settled.

Article name: The Foundation That Is Political Culture Politics essay, research paper, dissertation