Ponzi schemes

Essay add: 17-12-2015, 18:18   /   Views: 883
A Ponzi scheme is an investment fraud that involves the payment of purported returns to investors from funds that is contributed by bran new investors. A lot of Ponzi scheme people often get new investors by promising to invest funds in opportunities that say that the investors will get high returns with little to no risk. In a lot of Ponzi schemes, the fraudsters try to get new investors to have new money to make promise payments to the earlier investors. The schemes require a consistent flow of money from new investors to continue the scheme. Ponzi schemes tend to collapse when it becomes difficult to get new investors or when a large number of investors cash out. Ponzi and pyramid schemes are closely related because the both involve paying longer-standing members with money from new participants, instead of actual profits from investing or selling products to the public. A difference between a pyramid scheme and a Ponzi scheme is that a Ponzi schemer will only ask you to invest in something. You won’t be asked to take any more action than handing over money. The Ponzi schemer is the mastermind behind the whole system and is always shuffling money from one place to another.

Usually the scammer will say “if you get in this opportunity now, you’ll be an early investor in the next big thing. Not only that, it’s fail-safe and will return your investment in no time.” Unfortunately, not all schemes look the same, which makes it hard to spot when you’re being victimized. Clever scammers are always able to thrive because they are creating new ways to con others out of their life savings. Ponzi schemes are very popular, but not all of them are big enough to make the newspaper. Every now and then a new story comes out telling how the authorities found a long-running Ponzi scheme. Bernard Madoff, who made the biggest Ponzi scheme to date, conned $65 billion from investors who came from everywhere. Ponzi schemes are unjust and a crime because you are taking other people’s money, promising them they will get more in exchange, and taking the money for yourself and running off. “Ponzi scheme” is named after a man named Charles Ponzi who was born March 3rd, 1882 and died January 18, 1949. Ponzi was an Italian immigrant that became one of the greatest swindlers in American history. He promised his clients a 50% profit within 45 days, or 100% profit within 90 days, by buying discounted postal reply coupons in other countries and redeem them at a higher face value in the United States as a form of arbitrage. On November 15th, 1903 Charles Ponzi arrived aboard the S.S Vancouver in Boston. Ponzi arrived in the United States with two dollars and fifty cents in his pocket. He later ended up with a couple million.

Bernie Madoff was born in April 29, 1938. He was an American former businessman, stockbroker, investment advisor, and financier. Bernie admitted making a Ponzi scheme that is considered to be the largest financial fraud in U.S history. In March 2009, Madoof pleaded guilty to 11 federal felonies and admitted business into a big Ponzi scheme that defrauded thousands of investors of billions of dollars. Bernie said he began his Ponzi scheme in the early 1990s but federal investigators think the fraud began as early as the 1970s, the people who were charge with recovering the missing money believe the investment operation may have never been real. The amount missing was around $65 billion. On June 29, 2009, he was sentenced to 150 years in prison, the maximum allowed.

Bernie Madoff did not start life off rich. When he was born, Madoff did not know what laid ahead of him. He originally worked as a lifeguard with installation of sprinkler systems being done by him. That was his life until 1960. Madoff had put aside $5000 in savings. In current standards it would be worth $35000. With that amount of money he made a trading business that specialized in the trading of penny stocks. These stocks were extremely small compared to Wall Street. They are small start-up businesses. Madoff decided that his best chance at big returns was through scheming and decided to cut his financial teeth on the penny stock market. Bernie did this so he could compete with larger firms. From the 1970s right up until 2008, Bernie was responsible for making some of his clients’ money. However that money was not made honestly. It was one of the largest Ponzi schemes the world has ever seen.

Madoff was successful from the beginning, and his capital account began mounting: by 1967 he was reporting $127,517 to the SEC. In 1969 it had reached $555,157, and in 1973 it was listen as $1.1 million. In the early 1960s, he had started taking on investors. It happened with family and friends, and then later spread outward in larger and larger circles. When Madoff’s scheme collapsed, Carl Shapiro, an executive who met the Bernie and was impressed, lost about $545 million. Madoff in now in jail serving 150 year sentence. One person close to his family says he is fine in jail. He reads a lot and is trying to make the best of it.

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